Atmospheric Composition & Chemical Processes: Recent Publications

This listing reflects publications by authors currently in the group and may not be complete. CSD Publications are updated quarterly.

Field Measurements Publications:


Brock, C.A., N.L. Wagner, B.E. Anderson, A.R. Attwood, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, A.G. Carlton, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, M. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, N.L. Ng, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, R.A. Washenfelder, A. Welti, L. Xu, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, Aerosol optical properties in the southeastern United States in summer - Part 1: Hygroscopic growth, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-16-4987-2016, 2016.

Brock, C.A., N.L. Wagner, B.E. Anderson, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, M. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, A. Welti, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, Aerosol optical properties in the southeastern United States in summer - Part 2: Sensitivity of aerosol optical depth to relative humidity and aerosol parameters, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5009-2016, 2016.

Coggon, M.M., P.R. Veres, B. Yuan, A. Koss, C. Warneke, J.B. Gilman, B. Lerner, J. Peischl, K. Aikin, C. Stockwell, L. Hatch, T.B. Ryerson, J.M. Roberts, R. Yokelson, and J. de Gouw, Emissions of nitrogen-containing organic compounds from the burning of herbaceous and arboraceous biomass: fuel composition dependence and the variability of commonly used nitrile tracers, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL070562, 2016.

de Boer, G., S. Palo, B. Argrow, G. LoDolce, J. Mack, R.-S. Gao, H. Telg, C. Trussel, J. Fromm, C.N. Long, G. Bland, J. Maslanik, B. Schmid, and T. Hock, The Pilatus unmanned aircraft system for lower atmospheric research, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1845-2016, 2016.

Doherty, S.J., D.A. Hegg, J.E. Johnson, P.K. Quinn, J.P. Schwarz, C. Dang, and S.G. Warren, Causes of variability in light absorption by particles in snow at sites in Idaho and Utah, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024375, 2016.

Gao, R.-S., T. Gierczak, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, J.B. Burkholder, H. Telg, C. Voigt, T. Peter, and D.W. Fahey, Persistent water–nitric acid condensate with saturation water vapor pressure greater than that of hexagonal ice, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.5b06357, 2016.

Gao, R.S., H. Telg, R.J. McLaughlin, S.J. Ciciora, L.A. Watts, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, M.Z. Markovic, T.S. Bates, J.E. Johnson, and D.W. Fahey, A light-weight, high-sensitivity particle spectrometer for PM2.5 aerosol measurements, Aerosol Science and Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2015.1131809, 2016.

Hernandez, M., A. Perring, K. McCabe, G. Kok, G. Granger, and D. Baumgardner, Composite catalogues of optical and fluorescence signatures distinguish bioaerosol classes, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3283-2016, 2016.

Kaufmann, S., C. Voigt, T. Jurkat, T. Thornberry, D. Fahey, R.-S. Gao, R. Schlage, D. Schäuble, and M. Zöger, The airborne mass spectrometer AIMS - Part 1: AIMS-H2O for UTLS water vapor measurements, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-939-2016, 2016.

Kremser, S., L.W. Thomason, M.v. Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M.T.A. Stenke, J.P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F.J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J.E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J.M.C. Plane, D. Klocke, S.A. Carn, L. Clarisse, Thomas Trickl, R. Neely, A.D. James, L. Rieger, J.C. Wilson, and B. Meland, Stratospheric aerosol-Observations, processes, and impact on climate, Reviews of Geophysics, doi:10.1002/2015RG000511, 2016.

Liu, X., Y. Zhang, G.L. Huey, R.J. Yokelson, Y. Wang, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, A.J. Beyersdorf, D.R. Blake, Y. Choi, J.M.S. Clair, J.D. Crounse, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, A. Fried, S.R. Hall, T.F. Hanisco, L.E. King, S. Meinardi, T. Mikoviny, B.B. Palm, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, T.B. Ryerson, G. Sachse, J.P. Schwarz, I.J. Simpson, D.J. Tanner, K.L. Thornhill, K. Ullmann, R.J. Weber, P.O. Wennberg, A. Wisthaler, G.M. Wolfe, and L.D. Ziemba, Agricultural fires in the southeastern U.S. during SEAC4RS: Emissions of trace gases and particles and evolution of ozone, reactive nitrogen, and organic aerosol, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025040, 2016.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, L.A. Watts, T.F. Hanisco, E. Baumann, F.R. Giorgetta, T.P. Bui, D.W. Fahey, and R.S. Gao, A laser-induced fluorescence instrument for aircraft measurements of sulfur dioxide in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4601-2016, 2016.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.S. Gao, S. Woods, R.P. Lawson, T.P. Bui, E.J. Jensen, and D.W. Fahey, Observational constraints on the efficiency of dehydration mechanisms in the tropical tropopause layer, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL067972, 2016.

Shingler, T., C. Ewan, O. Amber, M. Shiraiwa, A. Zuend, A. Beyersdorf, L. Ziemba, B. Anderson, L. Thornhill, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campazano-Jost, D.A. Douglas, J.L. Jimenez, J.W. Hair, T. Mikoviny, A. Wisthaler, and A. Sorooshian, Airborne characterization of subsaturated aerosol hygroscopicity and dry refractive index from the surface to 6.5 km during the SEAC4RS campaign, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024498, 2016.

Schwarz, J.P., B. Weinzierl, B. Samset, M. Dollner, K. Heimerl, M.Z. Markovic, A.E. Perring, and L. Ziemba, Aircraft measurements of black carbon vertical profiles show upper tropospheric variability and stability, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL071241, 2016.

Warneke, C., Trainer, M., de Gouw, J. A., Parrish, D. D., Fahey, D. W., Ravishankara, A. R., Middlebrook, A. M., Brock, C. A., Roberts, J. M., Brown, S. S., Neuman, J. A., Lerner, B. M., Lack, D., Law, D., Hübler, G., Pollack, I., Sjostedt, S., Ryerson, T. B., Gilman, J. B., Liao, J., Holloway, J., Peischl, J., Nowak, J. B., Aikin, K. C., Min, K.-E., Washenfelder, R. A., Graus, M. G., Richardson, M., Markovic, M. Z., Wagner, N. L., Welti, A., Veres, P. R., Edwards, P., Schwarz, J. P., Gordon, T., Dube, W. P., McKeen, S. A., Brioude, J., Ahmadov, R., Bougiatioti, A., Lin, J. J., Nenes, A., Wolfe, G. M., Hanisco, T. F., Lee, B. H., Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D., Thornton, J. A., Keutsch, F. N., Kaiser, J., Mao, J., and Hatch, C. D., Instrumentation and measurement strategy for the NOAA SENEX aircraft campaign as part of the Southeast Atmosphere Study 2013, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3063-2016, 2016.

Yu, P., D.M. Murphy, R.W. Portmann, O.B. Toon, K.D. Froyd, A.W. Rollins, R.-S. Gao, and K.H. Rosenlof, Radiative forcing from anthropogenic sulfur and organic emissions reaching the stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL070153, 2016.

Yu, P., O.B. Toon, C.G. Bardeen, A. Bucholtz, K.H. Rosenlof, P.E. Saide, A.D. Silva, L.D. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, J.-L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, K.D. Froyd, M.J. Mills, and J.S. Reid, Surface dimming by the 2013 Rim Fire simulated by a sectional aerosol model, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024702, 2016.


Evan, S., K. Rosenlof, T. Thornberry, D. Rollings, and S. Khaykin, TTL cooling and drying during the January 2013 stratospheric sudden warming, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi:10.1002/qj.2587, 2015.

Forrister, H., J. Liu, E. Scheuer, J. Dibb, L. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, B. Anderson, G. Diskin, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.-L. Jimenez, A. Nenes, and R.J. Weber, Evolution of brown carbon in wildfire plumes, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL063897, 2015.

Kim, P.S., D.J. Jacob, J.A. Fisher, K. Travis, K. Yu, L. Zhu, R.M. Yantosca, M.P. Sulprizio, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, K.D. Froyd, J. Liao, J.W. Hair, M.A. Fenn, C.F. Butler, N.L. Wagner, T.D. Gordon, A. Welti, P.O. Wennberg, J.D. Crounse, J.M.S. Clair, A.P. Teng, D.B. Millet, J.P. Schwarz, M.Z. Markovic, and A.E. Perring, Sources, seasonality, and trends of southeast US aerosol: an integrated analysis of surface, aircraft, and satellite observations with the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-10411-2015, 2015.

Kindel, B.C., P. Pilewskie, K.S. Schmidt, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, and T.V. Bui, Upper-troposphere and lower-stratosphere water vapor retrievals from the 1400 and 1900 nm water vapor bands, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1147-2015, 2015.

Liu, J., E. Scheuer, J. Dibb, G.S. Diskin, L.D. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, B.E. Anderson, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, J.J. Devi, M. Bergin, A.E. Perring, M.Z. Markovic, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campuzano-Jost, D.A. Day, J.L. Jimenez, and R.J. Weber, Brown carbon aerosol in the North American continental troposphere: sources, abundance, and radiative forcing, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7841-2015, 2015.

Meyer, J., C. Rolf, C. Schiller, S. Rohs, N. Spelten, A. Afchine, M. Zöger, N. Sitnikov, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, Z. Bozóki, D. Tátrai, V. Ebert, B. Kühnreich, P. Mackrodt, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, K. Rosenlof, and M. Krämer, Two decades of water vapor measurements with the FISH fluorescence hygrometer: a review, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-8521-2015, 2015.

Molina, L.T., L. Gallardo, M. Andrade, D. Baumgardner, M. Borbor-Cordova, R. Borquez, G. Casassa, F. Cereceda-Balic, L. Dawidowski, R. Garreaud, N. Huneeus, F. Lambert, J.L. McCarty, J. Mc Phee, M. Mena-Carrasco, G.B. Raga, C. Schmitt, and J.P. Schwarz, Pollution and its impacts on the South American cryosphere, Earth's Future, doi:10.1002/2015ef000311, 2015.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, D. Baumgardner, M. Hernandez, S. D.V, C.L. Heald, R.S. Gao, G. Kok, G.R. McMeeking, J. McQuaid, and D.W. Fahey, Airborne observations of regional variation in fluorescent aerosol across the United States, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2014JD022495, 2015.

Saide, P.E., D. Peterson, A. da Silva, B. Anderson, L.D. Ziemba, G. Diskin, G. Sachse, J. Hair, C. Butler, M. Fenn, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, A. Perring, J. Schwarz, M.Z. Markovic, P. Russell, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, D.G. Streets, F. Yan, J. Dibb, R. Yokelson, O.B. Toon, E. Hyer, and G.R. Carmichael, Revealing important nocturnal and day-to-day variations in fire smoke emissions through a novel multiplatform inversion, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL063737, 2015.

Schmitt, C.G., J. All, J.P. Schwarz, W.P. Arnott, R.J. Cole, E. Lapham, and A. Celestian, Measurements of light absorbing particulates on the glaciers in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, The Cryosphere, doi:10.5194/tc-9-331-2015, 2015.

Schwarz, J.P., J.S. Holloway, J.M. Katich, S. McKeen, E. Kort, M.L. Smith, T.B. Ryerson, C. Sweeney, and J. Peischl, Black carbon emissions from the Bakken oil and gas development region, Environmental Science & Technology Letters, doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00225, 2015.

Schwarz, J.P., A.E. Perring, M.Z. Markovic, R.S. Gao, S. Ohata, J. Langridge, D. Law, R. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, Technique and theoretical approach for quantifying the hygroscopicity of black-carbon-containing aerosol using a single particle soot photometer, Journal of Aerosol Science, doi:10.1016/j.jaerosci.2014.11.009, 2015.

Thornberry, T.D., A.W. Rollins, R.S. Gao, L.A. Watts, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, A two-channel, tunable diode laser-based hygrometer for measurement of water vapor and cirrus cloud ice water content in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-8-211-2015, 2015.

Wagner, N.L., C.A. Brock, W.M. Angevine, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, D. Day, J.A. de Gouw, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, M.G. Graus, G. Huey, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, X. Liu, M.Z. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, T. Mikoviny, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, C. Warneke, A. Welti, A. Wisthaler, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, In situ vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, mass, and composition over the southeast United States during SENEX and SEAC4RS: observations of a modest aerosol enhancement aloft, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7085-2015, 2015.

Wang, Q.Y., R.S. Gao, J.J. Cao, J.P. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, Z.X. Shen, T.F. Hu, P. Wang, X.B. Xu, and R.-J. Huang, Observations of high level of ozone at Qinghai Lake basin in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, doi:10.1007/s10874-015-9301-9, 2015.

Wang, S., J.A. Schmidt, S. Baidar, S. Coburn, B. Dix, T.K. Koenig, E.C. Apel, D. Bowdalo, T.L. Campos, E. Eloranta, M.J. Evans, J.P. diGangi, M.A. Zondlo, R.-S. Gao, J.A. Haggerty, S.R. Hall, R.S. Hornbrook, D.J. Jacob, B. Morley, B.R. Pierce, M. Reeves, P.A. Romashkin, A.t. Schure, and R. Volkamer, Active and widespread halogen chemistry in the tropical and subtropical free troposphere, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1505142112, 2015.


Fahey, D.W., R.-S. Gao, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, C. Schiller, V. Ebert, M. Krämer, T. Peter, N. Amarouche, L.M. Avallone, R. Bauer, Z. Bozóki, L.E. Christensen, S.M. Davis, G. Durry, C. Dyroff, R.L. Herman, S. Hunsmann, S.M. Khaykin, P. Mackrodt, J. Meyer, J.B. Smith, N. Spelten, R.F. Troy, H. Vömel, S. Wagner, and F.G. Wienhold, The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3177-2014, 2014.

Gao, R.-S., Karen Rosenlof, David Fahey, Paul Wennberg, Eric Hintsa, and T. Hanisco, OH in the tropical upper troposphere and its relationships to solar radiation and reactive nitrogen, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, doi:10.1007/s10874-014-9280-2, 2014.

Kaufmann, S., C. Voigt, P. Jeβberger, T. Jurkat, H. Schlager, A. Schwarzenboeck, M. Klingebiel, and T. Thornberry, In situ measurements of ice saturation in young contrails, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2013GL058276, 2014.

Lim, Y.-S., A.R.T. Nugraha, S.-J. Cho, M.-Y. Noh, E.-J. Yoon, H. Liu, J.-H. Kim, H. Telg, E.H. Hároz, G.D. Sanders, S.-H. Baik, H. Kataura, S.K. Doorn, C.J. Stanton, R. Saito, J. Kono, and T. Joo, Ultrafast Generation of Fundamental and Multiple-Order Phonon Excitations in Highly Enriched (6,5) Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Nano Letters, doi:10.1021/nl404536b, 2014.

Murphy, D.M., K.D. Froyd, J.P. Schwarz, and J.C. Wilson, Observations of the chemical composition of stratospheric aerosol particles, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi:10.1002/qj.2213, 2014.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.S. Gao, J.B. Smith, D.S. Sayres, M.R. Sargent, C. Schiller, M. Krämer, N. Spelten, D.F. Hurst, A.F. Jordan, E.G. Hall, H. Vömel, G.S. Diskin, J.R. Podolske, L.E. Christensen, K.H. Rosenlof, E.J. Jensen, and D.W. Fahey, Evaluation of UT/LS hygrometer accuracy by intercomparison during the NASA MACPEX mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2013JD020817, 2014.

Samset, B.H., G. Myhre, A. Herber, Y. Kondo, S.-M. Li, N. Moteki, M. Koike, N. Oshima, J.P. Schwarz, Y. Balkanski, S.E. Bauer, N. Bellouin, T.K. Berntsen, H. Bian, M. Chin, T. Diehl, R.C. Easter, S.J. Ghan, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, J.-F. Lamarque, G. Lin, X. Liu, J.E. Penner, M. Schulz, Ø. Seland, R.B. Skeie, P. Stier, T. Takemura, K. Tsigaridis, and K. Zhang, Modelled black carbon radiative forcing and atmospheric lifetime in AeroCom Phase II constrained by aircraft observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12465-2014, 2014.

Wang, Q., D.J. Jacob, J.R. Spackman, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, N. Moteki, E.A. Marais, C. Ge, J. Wang, and S.R.H. Barrett, Global budget and radiative forcing of black carbon aerosol: constraints from pole-to-pole (HIPPO) observations across the Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2013JD020824, 2014.

Wang, Q., J.P. Schwarz, J. Cao, R. Gao, D.W. Fahey, T. Hu, R. Huang, Y. Han, and Z. Shen, Black carbon aerosol characterization in a remote area of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China, Science of the Total Environment, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.098, 2014.

Wang, X., C.L. Heald, D.A. Ridley, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, A.E. Perring, H. Coe, D. Liu, and A.D. Clarke, Exploiting simultaneous observational constraints on mass and absorption to estimate the global direct radiative forcing of black carbon and brown carbon, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-14-10989-2014, 2014.


Bertram, T.H., A.E. Perring, P.J. Wooldridge, J. Dibb, M.A. Avery, and R.C. Cohen, On the export of reactive nitrogen from Asia: NOx partitioning and effects on ozone, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 4617-4630, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4617-2013, 2013.

Bond, T.C., S.J. Doherty, D.W. Fahey, P.M. Forster, T. Berntsen, B.J. DeAngelo, M.G. Flanner, S. Ghan, B. Kärcher, D. Koch, S. Kinne, Y. Kondo, P.K. Quinn, M.C. Sarofim, M. Schulz, C. Venkataraman, H. Zhang, S. Zhang, N. Bellouin, S.K. Guttikunda, P.K. Hopke, M.Z. Jacobson, J.W. Kaiser, Z. Klimont, U. Lohmann, J.P. Schwarz, D. Shindell, T. Storelvmo, S.G. Warren, and C.S. Zender, Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(11), 5380-5552, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50171, 2013.

Brown, S.S., W.P. Dubé, R. Bahreini, A.M. Middlebrook, C.A. Brock, C. Warneke, J.A. deGouw, R.A. Washenfelder, E. Atlas, J. Peischl, T.B. Ryerson, J.S. Holloway, J.P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, M. Trainer, D.D. Parrish, F.C. Fehshenfeld, and A.R. Ravishankara, Biogenic VOC Oxidation and Organic Aerosol Formation in an Urban Nocturnal Boundary Layer: Aircraft Vertical Profiles in Houston, TX, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 11317-11337, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11317-2013, 2013.

Fahey, D.W., The Montreal Protocol Protection of Ozone and Climate, Theoretical Inquiries in Law, 14, 21-42, doi:10.1515/til-2013-004, 2013.

Gao, R.S., A.E. Perring, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, J.P. Schwarz, S.J. Ciciora, and D.W. Fahey, A high-sensitivity low-cost optical particle counter design, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(2), doi:10.1080/02786826.2012.733039, 2013.

Gao, R.S., T.D. Thornberry, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, Note: Compact, two-dimension translatable slit aperture, Review of Scientific Instruments, 84(11), doi:10.1063/1.4829619, 2013.

Kipling, Z., P. Stier, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, G.W. Mann, C.E. Johnson, and P.J. Telford, Constraints on aerosol processes in climate models from vertically-resolved aircraft observations of black carbon, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 5969-5986, doi:10.5194/acp-13-5969-2013, 2013.

Ohata, S., N. Moteki, J. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, and Y. Kondo, Evaluation of a method to measure black carbon particles suspended in rainwater and snow samples, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(10), 1073-1082, doi:10.1080/02786826.2013.824067, 2013.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, R.S. Gao, A.J. Heymsfeld, C.G. Schmitt, M. Schnaiter, and D.W. Fahey, Evaluation of a perpendicular inlet for airborne sampling of interstitial submicron black-carbon aerosol, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(10), 1066-1072, doi:10.1080/02786826.2013.821196, 2013.

Schwarz, J.P., R.S. Gao, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, and D.W. Fahey, Black carbon aerosol size in snow, Nature Scientific Reports, 3(13563), doi:10.1038/srep01356, 2013.

Schwarz, J.P., B.H. Samset, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, R.S. Gao, P. Stier, M. Schulz, F.L. Moore, E.A. Ray, and D.W. Fahey, Global-scale seasonally resolved black carbon vertical profiles over the Pacific, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 5542–5547, doi:10.1002/2013GL057775, 2013.

Thornberry, T.D., A.W. Rollins, R.S. Gao, L.A. Watts, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, C. Voigt, B. Hall, and D.W. Fahey, Measurement of low-ppm mixing ratios of water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere using chemical ionization mass spectrometry, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 1461-1475, doi:10.5194/amt-6-1461-2013, 2013.


Bahreini, R., A.M. Middlebrook, J.A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, M. Trainer, C.A. Brock, H. Stark, S.S. Brown, W.P. Dubé, J.B. Gilman, K. Hall, J.S. Holloway, W.C. Kuster, A.E. Perring, A.S.H. Prevot, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, S. Szidat, N.L. Wagner, R.J. Weber, P. Zotter, and D.D. Parrish, Gasoline emissions dominate over diesel in formation of secondary organic aerosol mass, Geophysical Research Letters, 39(L06805), doi:10.1029/2011GL050718, 2012.

Baumgardner, D., O.B. Popovicheva, J.D. Allan, V. Bernardoni, J. Cao, F. Cavalli, J. Cozic, E. Diapouli, K. Eleftheriadis, P.J. Genberg, C. Gonzalez, M. Gysel, A. John, T. Kirschstetter, T.A.J. Kuhlbusch, M. Laborde, D.A. Lack, T. Müller, R. Niessner, A. Petzold, A. Piazzalunga, J.P. Putaud, M. Rossi, J.P. Schwarz, P. Sheridan, E. Wietlicki, G. Valli, R. Vecchi, and M. Viana, Soot reference materials for instrument calibration and intercomparisons: A workshop summary with recommendations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(8), 1869-1887, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1869-2012, 2012.

Cooper, O.R., R.-S. Gao, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, and C. Sweeney, Long-term ozone trends at rural ozone monitoring sites across the United States, 1990-2010, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D22307), doi:10.1029/2012JD018261, 2012.

Fan, S.-M., J.P. Schwarz, J. Liu, D.W. Fahey, P. Ginoux, L.W. Horowitz, H. Levy II, Y. Ming, and J.R. Spackman, Inferring ice formation processes from global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D23205), doi:10.1029/2012JD018126, 2012.

Gao, R.S., J. Ballard, L.A. Watts, T.D. Thornberry, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, A compact, fast UV photometer for measurement of ozone from research aircraft, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(3), 2201-2210, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2201-2012, 2012.

Jensen, E.J., G. Diskin, R.P. Lawson, S. Lance, T.P. Bui, D. Hlavka, M. McGill, L. Pfister, O.B. Toon, and R. Gao, Ice nucleation and dehydration in the Tropical Tropopause Layer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1217104110, 2012.

Laborde, M., M. Schnaiter, C. Linke, H. Saathoff, K.-H. Naumann, O. Möhler, S. Berlenz, U. Wagner, J.W. Taylor, D. Liu, M. Flynn, J.D. Allan, H. Coe, K. Heimerl, F. Dahlkötter, B. Weinzierl, A.G. Wollny, M. Zanatta, J. Cozic, P. Laj, R. Hitzenberger, J.P. Schwarz, and M. Gysel, Single particle soot photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5, 3077-3097, doi:10.5194/amt-5-3077-2012, 2012.

Lack, D.A., J.M. Langridge, R. Bahreini, C.D. Cappa, A.M. Middlebrook, and J.P. Schwarz, Brown carbon and internal mixing in biomass burning particles, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(37), 14717-14718, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206575109, 2012.

Langridge, J.M., D. Lack, C.A. Brock, R. Bahreini, A.M. Middlebrook, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, J.S. Holloway, I.B. Pollack, T.B. Ryerson, J.M. Roberts, C. Warneke, J.A. de Gouw, M.K. Trainer, and D.M. Murphy, Evolution of aerosol properties impacting visibility and direct climate forcing in an ammonia-rich urban environment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D00V11), doi:10.1029/2011JD017116, 2012.

Mann, G.W., K.S. Carslaw, D.A. Ridley, D.V. Spracklen, K.J. Pringle, J. Merikanto, H. Korhonen, J.P. Schwarz, L.A. Lee, P.T. Manktelow, M.T. Woodhouse, A. Schmidt, T.J. Breider, K.M. Emmerson, C.L. Reddington, M.P. Chipperfield, and S.J. Pickering, Intercomparison of modal and sectional aerosol microphysics representations within the same 3-D global chemical transport model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4449-4476, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4449-2012, 2012.

Middlebrook, A.M., D.M. Murphy, R. Ahmadov, E.L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D.R. Blake, J. Brioude, J.A. de Gouw, F.C. Fehsenfeld, G.J. Frost, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, J.M. Langridge, R.A. Lueb, S.A. McKeen, J.F. Meagher, S. Meinardi, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, D.D. Parrish, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, J.M. Roberts, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, C. Warneke, and A.R. Ravishankara, Air quality implications of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 109(50), 20280-20285, doi:10.1073/pnas.1110052108, 2012.

Moore, R.H., T. Raatikainen, J.M. Langridge, R. Bahreini, C.A. Brock, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, A.M. Middlebrook, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, and A. Nenes, CCN spectra, hygroscopicity, and droplet activation kinetics of secondary organic aerosol resulting from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 3093-3100, doi:10.1021/es203362w, 2012.

Peischl, J., T.B. Ryerson, J.S. Holloway, M. Trainer, A.E. Andrews, E.L. Atlas, D.R. Blake, B.C. Daube, E.J. Dlugokencky, M.L. Fischer, A.H. Goldstein, A. Guha, T. Karl, J. Kofler, E. Kosciuch, P.K. Misztal, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, G.W. Santoni, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, S.C. Wofsy, and D.D. Parrish, Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D24), doi:10.1029/2012JD017994, 2012, 2012.

Pollack, I.B., T.B. Ryerson, M. Trainer, D.D. Parrish, A.E. Andrews, E.L. Atlas, D.R. Blake, S.S. Brown, R. Commane, B.C. Daube, J.A. de Gouw, W.P. Dubé, J. Flynn, G.J. Frost, J.B. Gilman, N. Grossberg, J.S. Holloway, J. Kofler, E.A. Kort, W.C. Kuster, P.M. Lang, B. Lefer, R.A. Lueb, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, P.C. Novelli, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, J.M. Roberts, G. Santoni, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, N.L. Wagner, C. Warneke, R.A. Washenfelder, S.C. Wofsy, and B. Xiang, Airborne and ground-based observations of a weekend effect in ozone, precursors, and oxidation products in the California South Coast Air Basin, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D00V05), doi:10.1029/2011JD016772, 2012.

Rollins, A.W., E.C. Browne, K.-E. Min, S.E. Pusede, P.J. Wooldridge, D.R. Gentner, A.H. Goldstein, S. Liu, D.A. Day, L.M. Russell, and R.C. Cohen, Evidence for NOx control over nighttime SOA formation, Science, 337(6099), 1210-1212, doi:10.1126/science.1221520, 2012.

Schwarz, J.P., S.J. Doherty, F. Li, S.T. Ruggiero, C.E. Tanner, A.E. Perring, R.S. Gao, and D.W. Fahey, Assessing single particle soot photometer and integrating sphere/integrating sandwich spectrophotometer measurement techniques for quantifying black carbon concentration in snow, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(10), 2581-2592, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2581-2012, 2012.

Velders, G.J.M., A.R. Ravishankara, M.K. Miller, M.J. Molina, J. Alcamo, J.S. Daniel, D.W. Fahey, S.A. Montzka, and S. Reimann, Preserving Montreal Protocol climate benefits by limiting HFCs, Science, 335, 922-923, doi:10.1126/science.1216414, 2012.

Weigum, N.M., P. Stier, J.P. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, and J.R. Spackman, Scales of variability of black carbon plumes over the Pacific Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 39(L15804), doi:10.1029/2012GL052127, 2012.


Aquila, V., J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, N. Riemer, H. Vogel, D. Baumgardner, A. Minikin, A. Petzold, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, B. Weinzierl, M. Righi, and M. Dall'Amico, MADE-in: A new aerosol microphysics submodel for global simulation of insoluble particles and their mixing state, Geoscientific Model Development, 4(2), 325-355, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-325-2011, 2011.

Brock, C. A., J. Cozic, R. Bahreini, K. D. Froyd, A. M. Middlebrook, A. McComiskey, J. Brioude, O. R. Cooper, A. Stohl, K. C. Aikin, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, R. A. Ferrare, R.-S. Gao, W. Gore, J. S. Holloway, G. Hübler, A. Jefferson, D. A. Lack, S. Lance, R. H. Moore, D. M. Murphy, A. Nenes, P. C. Novelli, J. B. Nowak, J.A. Ogren, J. Peischl, R. B. Pierce, P. Pilewskie, P. K. Quinn, T. B. Ryerson, K. S. Schmidt, J. P. Schwarz, H. Sodemann, J. R. Spackman, H. Stark, D. S. Thomson, T. Thornberry, P. Veres, L. A. Watts, C. Warneke, and A. G. Wollny, Characteristics, sources, and transport of aerosols measured in spring 2008 during the aerosol, radiation, and cloud processes affecting Arctic Climate (ARCPAC) Project, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(6), 2423-2453, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2423-2011, 2011.

Browne, E.C., A.E. Perring, P.J. .Wooldridge, E. Apel, S.R. Hall, L.G. Huey, J. Mao, K.M. Spencer, J.M.S. Clair, A.J. Weinheimer, A. Wisthaler, and R.C. Cohen, Global and regional effects of the photochemistry of CH3O2NO2: evidence from ARCTAS, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(9), 4209-4219, doi:10.5194/acp-11-4209-2011, 2011.

de Gouw, J. A., A. M. Middlebrook, C. Warneke, R. Ahmadov, E. L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D. R. Blake, C. A. Brock, J. Brioude, D. W. Fahey, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. S. Holloway, M. L. Henaff, R. A. Lueb, S. A. McKeen, J. F. Meagher, D. M. Murphy, C. Paris, D. D. Parrish, A. E. Perring, I. B. Pollack, A. R. Ravishankara, A. L. Robinson, T. B. Ryerson, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, A. Srinivasan, and L. A. Watts, Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spil, Science, 331, 1295-1299, doi:10.1126/science.1200320, 2011.

Homeyer, C. R., K. P. Bowman, L. L. Pan, E. L. Atlas, R.-S. Gao, and T. L. Campos, Dynamical and chemical characteristics of tropospheric intrusions observed during START08, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D06111), doi:10.1029/2010JD015098, 2011.

Hovde, S.J., A.F. Tuck, S. Lovejoy, and D. Schertzer, Vertical scaling of temperature, wind and humidity fluctuations: Dropsondes from 13 km to the surface of the Pacific Ocean, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(20), doi:10.1080/01431161.2011.602652, 2011.

Huang, X.-F., R.-S. Gao, J. P. Schwarz, L.-Y. He, D. W. Fahey, L. A. Watts, A. McComiskey, O. R. Cooper, T.-L. Sun, L.-W. Zeng, M. Hu, and Y.-H. Zhang, Black carbon measurements in the Pearl River Delta region of China, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D12208), doi:10.1029/2010JD014933, 2011.

Lack, D., C.D. Cappa, J. Langridge, R. Bahreini, G. Buffaloe, C. Brock, K. Cerully, D. Coffman, K. Hayden, J. Holloway, B. Lerner, P. Massoli, S.-M. Li, R. McLaren, A.M. Middlebrook, R. Moore, A. Nenes, I. Nuaaman, T.B. Onasch, J. Peischl, A. Perring, P.K. Quinn, T. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, S.C. Wofsy, D. Worsnop, B. Xiang, and E. Williams, Impact of fuel quality regulation and speed reductions on shipping emissions: Implications for climate and air quality, Environmental Science and Technology, 45(20), 9052-9060, doi:10.1021/es2013424, 2011.

Lance, S., M. D. Shupe, G. Feingold, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. S. Holloway, R. H. Moore, A. Nenes, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, K. D. Froyd, D. M. Murphy, J. Brioude, O.R. Cooper, A. Stohl, and J. F. Burkhart, Cloud condensation nuclei as a modulator of ice processes in Arctic mixed-phase clouds, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(16), 8003-8015, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8003-2011, 2011.

McNaughton, C. S., A. D. Clarke, S. Freitag, V. N. Kapustin, Y. Kondo, N. Moteki, N. Takegawa, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, L. Watts, G. Diskin, J. Podolske, J. S. Holloway, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, J. Jimenez, M. Cubison, S. G. Howell, A. Middlebrook, R. Bahreini, B. E. Anderson, E. Winstead, K. L. Thornhill, D. Lack, J. Cozic, and C. A. Brock, Absorbing aerosol in the troposphere of the Western Arctic during the 2008 ARCTAS/ARCPAC airborne field campaigns, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(15), 7561-7582, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7561-2011, 2011.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, R. Bahreini, J.A. de Gouw, R.S. Gao, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, J.M. Langridge, J. Peischl, A. Middlebrook, T.B. Ryerson, C. Warneke, L.A. Watts, and D.W. Fahey, Characteristics of black carbon aerosol from a surface oil burn during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L17809), doi:10.1029/2011GL048356, 2011.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.-S. Gao, B.D. Hall, and D.W. Fahey, Catalytic oxidation of H2 on platinum: A method for in situ calibration of hygrometers, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(10), 2059-2064, doi:10.5194/amt-4-2059-2011, 2011.

Russell, A.R., A.E. Perring, L.C. Valin, E.J. Bucsela, E.C. Browne, K.-E. Min, P.J. Wooldridge, and R.C. Cohen, A high spatial resolution retrieval of NO2 column densities from OMI: Method and evaluation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(16), 8543-8554, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8543-2011, 2011.

Ryerson, T. B., K. C. Aikin, W. M. Angevine, E. L. Atlas, D. R. Blake, C.A. Brock, F. C. Fehsenfeld, R.-S. Gao, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, D. A. Lack, R. A. Lueb, S. Meinardi, A. M. Middlebrook, D. M. Murphy, J. A. Neuman, J. B. Nowak, D. D. Parrish, J. Peischl, A. E. Perring, I. B. Pollack, A. R. Ravishankara, J. M. Roberts, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, H. Stark, C. Warneke, and L. A. Watts, Atmospheric emissions from the Deepwater Horizon spill constrain air-water partitioning, hydrocarbon fate, and leak rate, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L07803), doi:10.1029/2011GL046726, 2011.

Spackman, J. R., R.-S. Gao, M. J. Schwartz, L. A. Watts, D. Fahey, G. Pfister, and T. P. Bui, Seasonal variability of black carbon mass in the tropical tropopause layer, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L09803), doi:10.1029/2010GL046343, 2011.

Stith, J.L., C.H. Twohy, P.J. DeMott, D. Baumgardner, T. Campos, R. Gao, and J. Anderson, Observations of ice nuclei and heterogeneous freezing in a Western Pacific extratropical storm, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(13), 6229-6243, doi:10.5194/acp-11-6229-2011, 2011.

Thornberry, T., T. Gierczak, R.S. Gao, H. Vömel, L.A. Watts, J.B. Burkholder, and D.W. Fahey, Laboratory evaluation of the effect of nitric acid uptake on frost point hygrometer performance, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(2), 289-296, doi:10.5194/amt-4-289-2011, 2011.

Voigt, C., U. Schumann, P. Jessberger, T. Jurkat, A. Petzold, J.-F. Gayet, M. Krämer, T. Thornberry, and D.W. Fahey, Extinction and optical depth of contrails, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L11806), doi:10.1029/2011GL047189, 2011.


Cooper, O. R., D. D. Parrish, A. Stohl, M. Trainer, P. Nédélec, V. Thouret, J. P. Cammas, S. J. Oltmans, B. J. Johnson, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, I. S. McDermid, D. Jaffe, R. S. Gao, J. Stith, T. B. Ryerson, K. C. Aikin, T. Campos, A. Weinheimer and M. A. Avery, Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America, Nature, 463(7279), 344-348, 10.1038/nature08708, 2010.

Cross, E.S., T.B. Onasch, A. Ahern, W. Wrobel, J.G. Slowik, J. Olfert, D.A. Lack, P. Massoli, C.D. Cappa, J. Schwarz, R. Spackman, D.W. Fahey, A. Sedlacek, A. Trimborn, J.T. Jayne, A. Freedman, L.R. Williams, N.L. Ng, C. Mazzoleni, M. Dubey, B. Brem, G. Kok, R. Subramanian, S. Freitag, A. Clarke, D. Thornhill, L. Marr, C.E. Kolb, D.R. Worsnop, and P. Davidovits, Soot Particle Studies – Instrument Inter-Comparison – Project Overview, Aerosol Science and Technology, 44(8), 10.1080/02786826.2010.482113, 2010.

Montzka, S. A., L. Kuijpers, M. O. Battle, M. Aydin, K. R. Verhulst, E. S. Saltzman and D. W. Fahey, Recent increases in global HFC-23 emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(2), L02808, 10.1029/2009GL041195, 2010.

Park, S., E.L. Atlas, R. Jiménez, B.C. Daube, E.W. Gottlieb, J. Nan, D.B.A. Jones, L. Pfister, T.J. Conway, T.P. Bui, R.-S. Gao, and S.C. Wofsy, Vertical transport rates and concentrations of OH and Cl radicals in the Tropical Tropopause Layer from Observations of CO2 and halocarbons: Implications for distributions of long- and short-lived chemical species, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 6669-6684, 10.5194/acp-10-6669-2010, 2010.

Salawitch, R. J., T. Canty, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, Q. Liang, A. da Silva, S. Pawson, J. E. Nielsen, J. M. Rodriguez, P. K. Bhartia, X. Liu, L. G. Huey, J. Liao, R. E. Stickel, D. J. Tanner, J. E. Dibb, W. R. Simpson, D. Donohoue, A. Weinheimer, F. Flocke, D. Knapp, D. Montzka, J. A. Neuman, J. B. Nowak, T. B. Ryerson, S. J. Oltmans, D. R. Blake, E. L. Atlas, D. E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, L. L. Pan, F. Hendrick, M. Van Roozendael, K. Kreher, P. V. Johnston, R. S. Gao, B. Johnson, T. P. Bui, G. Chen, R. B. Pierce, J. H. Crawford and D. J. Jacob, A new interpretation of total column BrO during Arctic spring, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(L21805) 10.1029/2010GL043798, 2010.

Schwarz, J. P., J. R. Spackman, R. S. Gao, A. E. Perring, E. S. Cross, T.B. Onasch, A. Ahern, W. Wrobel, P. Davidovits, J. Olfert, M. K. Dubey, C. Mazzolini, and D. W. Fahey, The Detection Efficiency of the Single Particle Soot Photometer, Aerosol Science and Technology, 44(8), 612-628, 10.1080/02786826.2010.481298, 2010.

Schwarz, J. P., J. R. Spackman, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, P. Stier, M. Schulz, S. M. Davis, S. C. Wofsy, and D. W. Fahey, Global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and compared to models, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(L18812), 10.1029/2010GL044372, 2010.

Spackman, J. R., R. S. Gao, W. D. Neff, J. P. Schwarz, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, and C. A. Brock, Aircraft observations of enhancement and depletion of black carbon mass in the springtime Arctic, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 9667-9680, 10.5194/acp-10-9667-2010, 2010.

Thornberry, T., K.D. Froyd, D.M. Murphy, D. S. Thomson, B. E. Anderson, K. L. Thornhill, and E. L. Winstead, Persistence of organic carbon in heated aerosol residuals measured during Tropical Composition Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4), Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D00J02), 10.1029/2009JD012721, 2010.

Tilmes, S., L. L. Pan, P. Hoor, E. Atlas, M. A. Avery, T. Campos, L. E. Christensen, G. S. Diskin, R. S. Gao, R. L. Herman, E. Hintsa, M. Loewenstein, J. Lopez, M. E. Paige, J. V. Pittman, J. R. Podolske, M. R. Proffitt, G. W. Sachse, C. Schiller, H. Schlager, J. Smith, N. Spelten, C. Webster, A. Weinheimer and M. A. Zondlo, An aircraft-based upper troposphere lower stratosphere O3, CO, and H2O climatology for the Northern Hemisphere., Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D14303), 1-16, 10.1029/2009JD012731, 2010.

Warneke, C., K. D. Froyd, J. Brioude, R. Bahreini, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, R. Ferrare, J. S. Holloway, A. M. Middlebrook, L. Miller, S. A. Montzka, J. P. Schwarz, H. Sodemann, R. Spackman and A. Stohl, An important contribution to springtime Arctic aerosol from biomass burning in Russia, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(1), L01801, 10.1029/2009GL041816, 2010.

Wofsy, S., B. C. Daube, R. Jimenez, E. Kort, J.V. Pittman, S. Park, R. Commane, B. Xiang, G. Santoni, D. Jacob, J. Fisher, C. Pickett-Heaps, H. Wang, K. Wecht, Q.-Q. Wang, B. B. Stephens, S. Shertz, P. Romashkin, T. Campos, J. Haggerty, W. A. Cooper, D. Rogers, S. Beaton, R. Hendershot, J. W. Elkins, D.W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, F. Moore, S.A. Montzka, J.P. Schwarz, D. Hurst, B. Miller, C. Sweeney, S. Oltmans, D. Nance, E. Hintsa, G. Dutton, L.A. Watts, J.R. Spackman, K.H. Rosenlof, E.A. Ray, M.A. Zondlo, M. Diao, R. Keeling, J. Bent, E.L. Atlas, R. Lueb, M.J. Mahoney, M. Chahine, E. Olson, P. Patra, K. Ishijima, R. Engelen, J. Flemming, R. Nassar, D.B.A. Jones, and S.E.M. Fletcher, HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO): Fine-grained, global scale measurements of climatically important atmospheric gases and aerosols, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 369(1943), 2073-2086 doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.031, 2010.


Cooper, O. R., S. Eckhardt, J. H. Crawford, C. C. Brown, R. C. Cohen, T. H. Bertram, P. Wooldridge, A. Perring, W. H. Brune, X. Ren, D. Brunner and S. L. Baughcum, Summertime buildup and decay of lightning NOx and aged thunderstorm outflow above North America, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114(D01101), doi:10.1029/2008JD010293, 2009.

Koch, D., M. Schulz, S. Kinne, T.C. Bond, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, A. Clarke, N.D. Luca, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, O. Dubovik, R. Easter, D.W. Fahey, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Freitag, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, L. Horowitz, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, z. Klimont, Y. Kondo, M. Krol, X. Liu, C. McNaughton, R. Miller, V. Montanaro, N. Moteki, G. Myhre, J.E. Penner, J. Perlwitz, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, L. Sahu, H. Sakamoto, G. Schuster, J.P. Schwarz, Ø. Seland, J.R. Spackman, P. Stier, N. Takegawa, T. Takemura, C. Textor, J.A. van Aardenne, and Y. Zhao, Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9001-9026, doi:10.5194/acp-10-79-2010, 2009.

Lee, D. S., D. W. Fahey, P. M. Forster, P.J. Newton, R. C. N. Wit, L. L. Lim, B. Owen and R. Sausen, Aviation and global climate change in the 21st century, Atmospheric Environment, 43(22-23), 3520-3537, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.024, 2009.

McKeen, S. A., G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, J. M. Wilczak, I. Djalalova, E. Y. Hsie, G. J. Frost, J. Peischl, J. P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, A. M. Middlebrook, J. S. Holloway, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, S. Gadreault, J. Racine, J. McHenry, J. McQueen, P. Lee, Y. Tang, G. Carmichael and R. Mathur, An evaluation of real-time air quality forecasts and their urban emissions over eastern Texas during the summer of 2006 Second Texas Air Quality Study field study, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114(D00F11), doi:10.1029/2008JD011697, 2009.

Myhre, G., T. F. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C.R. Hoyle, T. K. Bernsten, S. A. Christopher, D. W. Fahey, I. S. A. Isaksen, T. A. Jones, R. A. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, J. P. Schwarz and K. E. Yttri, Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect using a multi-observation evaluation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(4), 1365-1392, doi:10.5194/acp-9-1365-2009, 2009.

Pittman, J. V., L. L. Pan, J. C. Wei, F. W. Irion, X. Liu, E. S. Maddy, C. D. Barnet, K. Chance, and R.-S. Gao, Evaluation of AIRS, IASI, and OMI ozone profile retrievals in the extratropical tropopause region using in situ aircraft measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D24109), doi:10.1029/2009JD012493, 2009.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, E. C. Richard, S. J. Oltmans, M. L. Santee, N. J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, B. Sen, G. C. Toon, K. A. Walker, C. D. Boone and P. F. Bernath, Stratospheric correlation between nitric acid and ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 114(D03305), doi:10.1029/2008JD010875, 2009.

Schwarz, J. P., H. Stark, J. R. Spackman, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, W. H. Swartz, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, and D. W. Fahey, Heating rates and surface dimming due to black carbon aerosol asorption associated with a major U.S. city, Geophysical Research Letters, 36(L15807), doi:10.1029/2009GL039213, 2009.

Stith, J., V. Ramanathan, W. A. Cooper, G. Roberts, P. J. DeMott, G. Carmichael, C.D. Hatch, B. Adhikary, C. H. Twohy, D. C. Rogers, D. Baumgardner, A. J. Prenni, T. Campos, R. S. Gao, J. Anderson and Y. Feng, An overview of aircraft observations from the Pacific Dust Experiment campaign, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114(D05207), doi:10.1029/2008JD010924, 2009.

Thornberry, T., D. M. Murphy, D. S. Thomson, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. S. Bates, P. K. Quinn and D. Coffman, Measurement of Aerosol Organic Compounds Using a Novel Collection/Thermal-Desorption PTR-ITMS Instrument, Aerosol Science and Technology, 43(5), 486-501, doi:10.1080/02786820902763132, 2009.

Velders, G. J. M., D. W. Fahey, J. S. Daniel, M. McFarland and S. O. Andersen, The large contribution of projected HFC emissions to future climate forcing, Proceedings of the National Acedemy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(27), 10949-10954, doi:10.1073/pnas.0902817106, 2009.

Warneke, C., R. Bahreini, J. Brioude, C. A. Brock, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, K. D. Froyd, J. S. Holloway, A. M. Middlebrook, L. Miller, S. A. Montzka, D. M. Murphy, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, J. P. Schwarz, R. Spackman and P. Veres, >Biomass burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source for haze over the Alaskan Arctic in April 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 36(2), L02813-L02813, doi:10.1029/2008GL036194, 2009.

Watts, L. A., S. Ciciora, T. Thornberry, D. Fahey, and R. Gao, Monitoring Atmospheric Ozone on the Global Hawk Unmanned Aeronautical Vehicle with NI CompactRIO, National Instruments, 2009.


Fahey, D. W., A. R. Douglass, V. Ramaswamy and A.-M. Schmoltner, Chapter 4 - How Do Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Loss Interact?, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A.R. Ravishankara, M. J. Kurylo and C. A. Ennis, pp. 111-132, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Froidevaux, L., Y. B. Jiang, A. Lambert, N. J. Livesey, W. G. Read, J. W. Waters, R. A. Fuller, T. P. Marcy, P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, K. W. Jucks, R. A. Stachnik, G. C. Toon, L. E. Christensen, C. R. Webster, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, H. C. Pumphrey, R. S. Harwood, G. L. Manney, M. J. Schwartz, W. H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, R. F. Jarnot, B. W. Knosp, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans and P.A. Wagner, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HCl measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113, (D15S25), doi:10.1029/2007JD009025, 2008.

Fuchs, H., W.P. Dubé, S. J. Ciciora and S. S. Brown, Determination of Inlet Transmission and Conversion Efficiencies for in Situ Measurements of the Nocturnal Nitrogen Oxides, NO3, N2O5 and NO2, via Pulsed Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy, Analytical Chemistry, 80(15), 6010-6017, doi:10.1021/ac8007253, 2008.

Gao, R. S., S.R. Hall, W.H. Swartz, J. P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, K. C. Aikin, R. E. Shetter and T. P. Bui, Calculations of solar shortwave heating rates due to black carbon and ozone absorption using in situ measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113(D14203), doi:10.1029/2007JD009358, 2008.

Gensch, I. V., H. Bunz, D. G. Baumgardner, L. E. Christensen, D. W. Fahey, R. L. Herman, P. J. Popp, J. B. Smith, R. F. Troy, C. R. Webster, E. M. Weinstock, J. C. Wilson, T. Peter and M. Krämer, Supersaturations, microphysics and nitric acid partitioning in a cold cirrus cloud observed during CR-AVE 2006: an observation-modelling intercomparison study, Environmental Research Letters, 3(035003), doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/3/035003, 2008.

Kinnison, D. E., J. Gille, J. Barnett, C. Randall, V.L. Harvey, A. Lambert, R. Khosravi, M. J. Alexander, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, C. Cavanaugh, M. Coffey, C. Craig, V. C. Dean, T. Eden, D. Ellis, D. W. Fahey, G. Francis, C. Halvorson, J. Hannigan, C. Hartsough, C. Hepplewhite, C. Krinsky, H. Lee, B. Mankin, T. P. Marcy, S. Massie, B. Nardi, D. Packman, P. J. Popp, M. L. Santee, V. Yudin and K. A. Walker, Global observations of HNO3 from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS): First results, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113(D16S44), doi:10.1029/2007JD008814, 2008.

Livesey, N. J., M. J. Filipiak, L. Froidevaux, W. G. Read, A. Lambert, M. L. Santee, J. H. Jiang, H.C. Pumphrey, J. W. Waters, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, W. H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, R. A. Fuller, R. F. Jarnot, Y. B. Jiang, B. W. Knosp, Q. B. Li, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, W. V. Snyder, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, P. A. Wagner, M. Avery, E. V. Browell, J.-P. Cammas, L. E. Christensen, G.S. Diskin, R. S. Gao, H.-J. Jost, M. Loewenstein, J. D. Lopez, P. Nédélec, G. B. Osterman, G. W. Sachse and C. R. Webster, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder O3 and CO observations in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113(D15S02), doi:10.1029/2007JD008805, 2008.

Papadimitriou, V.C., R. W. Portmann, D. W. Fahey, J. Mühle, R. F. Weiss and J. B. Burkholder, >Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Warming Potential of SO2F2, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 112(49), 12657-12666, doi:10.1021/jp806368u, 2008.

Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, R. Bevilacqua, J. Cohen, J. S. Daniel, A. R. Douglass, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, T. Keating, M. Ko, S. A. Montzka, P. A. Newman, V. Ramaswamy, A.-M. Schmoltner, R. Stolarski and K. Vick, Executive Summary, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A.R. Ravishankara, M.J. Kurylo and C.A. Ennis, pp. 15-22, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, S. A. Montzka, M. Ko, P. A. Newman and R. Stolarski, Chapter 6 - Implication for the United States, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A. R. Ravishankara, M.J. Kurylo and C.A. Ennis, pp. 155-166, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Spackman, J. R., J. P. Schwarz, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, J. A. de Gouw, M. Trainer and T. B. Ryerson, Empirical correlations between black carbon aerosol and carbon monoxide in the lower and middle troposphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L19816), doi:10.1029/2008GL035237, 2008.

Schwarz, J. P., R. S. Gao, J. R. Spackman, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. W. Fahey, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, J. S. Holloway, M. Trainer, G. J. Frost, T. Baynard, D. A. Lack, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke and L.A. Del Negro, Measurement of the mixing state, mass, and optical size of individual black carbon particles in urban and biomass burning emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L13810), doi:10.1029/2008GL033968, 2008.

Schwarz, J. P., J.R. Spackman, D. W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, U. Lohmann, P. Stier, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. A. Lack, L. Pfister, M. J. Mahoney, D. Baumgardner, J. C. Wilson and J. M. Reeves, Coatings and their enhancement of black carbon light absorption in the tropical atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113(D03203), doi:10.1029/2007JD009042, 2008.

Wilson, J.C., S.-H. Lee, J.M. Reeves, C. A. Brock, H.H. Jonsson, B.G. Lafleur, M. Loewenstein, J. Podolske, E. Atlas, K. Boering, G. Toon, D. W. Fahey, T. P. Bui, G. Diskin and F. Moore, Steady-state aerosol distributions in the extra-tropical, lower stratosphere and the processes that maintain them, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(22), 6617-6626, doi:10.5194/acp-8-6617-2008, 2008.


Baynard, T., E. R. Lovejoy, A. Pettersson, S. S. Brown, D. A. Lack, H. D. Osthoff, P. Massoli, S. J. Ciciora, W. P. Dubé and A. R. Ravishankara, Design and Application of a Pulsed Cavity Ring-Down Aerosol Extinction Spectrometer for Field Measurements, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(4), 447-462, doi:10.1080/02786820701222801, 2007.

Bowman, K. P., L. L. Pan, T. Campos and R. S. Gao, Observations of fine-scale transport structure in the upper troposphere from the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D18111), doi:10.1029/2007JD008685, 2007.

Gao, R. S., J. P. Schwarz, K. K. Kelly, D. W. Fahey, L. A. Watts, T. L. Thompson, J. R. Spackman, J. G. Slowik, E. S. Cross, J.-H. Han, P. Davidovits, T. B. Onasch and D. R. Worsnop, A Novel Method for Estimating Light-Scattering Properties of Soot Aerosols Using a Modified Single-Particle Soot Photometer, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(2), 125-135, doi:10.1080/02786820601118398, 2007.

Hudman, R. C., D. J. Jacob, S. Turquety, E. M. Leibensperger, L. T. Murray, S. Wu, A. B. Gilliland, M. Avery, T.H. Bertram, W. Brune, R. C. Cohen, J. E. Dibb, F. M. Flocke, A. Fried, J. S. Holloway, J. A. Neuman, R. Orville, A. Perring, X. Ren, G. W. Sachse, H. B. Singh, A. Swanson and P. J. Wooldridge, Surface and lightning sources of nitrogen oxides over the United States: Magnitudes, chemical evolution, and outflow, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D12S05), doi:10.1029/2006JD007912, 2007.

Marcy, T. P., P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, E. A. Ray, E. C. Richard, T. L. Thompson, E. L. Atlas, M. Loewenstein, S. C. Wofsy, S. Park, E. M. Weinstock, W. H. Swartz and M. J. Mahoney, Measurements of trace gases in the tropical tropopause layer, Atmospheric Environment, 41(34), 7253-7261, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.05.032, 2007.

Murphy, D. M., P. K. Hudson, D. J. Cziczo, S. Gallavardin, K. D. Froyd, M.V. Johnston, A. M. Middlebrook, M. S. Reinard, D. S. Thomson, T. Thornberry and A. S. Wexler, Distribution of lead in single atmospheric particles, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7(12), 3195-3210, doi:10.5194/acp-7-3195-2007, 2007.

Pan, L. L., K. P. Bowman, M. Shapiro, W. J. Randel, R. S. Gao, T. Campos, C. Davis, S. Schauffler, B. A. Ridley, J. C. Wei and C. Barnet, Chemical behavior of the tropopause observed during the Stratosphere-Troposphere Analyses of Regional Transport experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D18110), doi:10.1029/2007JD008645, 2007.

Park, S., R. Jiménez, B.C. Daube, L. Pfister, T.J. Conway, E.W. Gottlieb, V.Y. Chow, D.J. Curran, D.M. Matross, A. Bright, E. L. Atlas, T. P. Bui, R. S. Gao, C. H. Twohy and S. C. Wofsy, The CO2 tracer clock for the Tropical Tropopause Layer, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7(14), 3989-4000, doi:10.5194/acp-7-3989-2007, 2007.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, L. A. Watts, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, E. M. Weinstock, J. B. Smith, R. L. Herman, R.F. Troy, C. R. Webster, L. E. Christensen, D. G. Baumgardner, C. Voigt, B. Kärcher, J. C. Wilson, M. J. Mahoney, E. J. Jensen and T. P. Bui, Condensed-phase nitric acid in a tropical subvisible cirrus cloud, Geophysical Research Letters, 34(L24812), doi:10.1029/2007GL031832, 2007.

Santee, M. L., A. Lambert, W. G. Read, N.J. Livesey, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, L. Froidevaux, R. A. Fuller, R. F. Jarnot, B. W. Knosp, G. L. Manney, V.S. Perun, W. V. Snyder, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, P. A. Wagner, J. W. Waters, G. Muscari, R. L. de Zafra, J. E. Dibb, D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, T. P. Marcy, K. W. Jucks, G. C. Toon, R. A. Stachnik, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, J. Urban and D. Murtagh, Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HNO3 measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D24S40), doi:10.1029/2007JD008721, 2007.

Slowik, J. G., E. S. Cross, J.-H. Han, P. Davidovits, T. B. Onasch, J. T. Jayne, L.R. Williams, M. R. Canagaratna, D. R. Worsnop, R. K. Chakrabarty, H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, J. P. Schwarz, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, G. L. Kok and A. Petzold, An Inter-Comparison of Instruments Measuring Black Carbon Content of Soot Particles, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(3), 295-314, doi:10.1080/02786820701197078, 2007.

Spackman, J.R., E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Anderson, D. F. Hurst, H. -J. Jost and S. M. Schauffler, >Aircraft observations of rapid meridional transport from the tropical tropopause layer into the lowermost stratosphere: Implications for midlatitude ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D12308), doi:10.1029/2006JD007618, 2007.

Velders, G. J. M., S. O. Andersen, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey and M. McFarland, The Dual Benefit of the Montreal Protocol: Ozone and Climate Protection, OzonAction Newsletter, 4 pgs, 2007.

Velders, G. J. M., S. O. Andersen, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey and M. McFarland, The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(12), 4814-4819, doi:10.1073/pnas.0610328104, 2007.


Canty, T., E. Riviere, R. Salawitch, G. Berthet, J. Renard, K. Pfeilsticker, M. Dorf, A. Butz, H. Bosch, R. Stimpfle, D. Wilmouth, E. C. Richard, D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, M. Schoeberl, L. Lait and T. Bui, Nighttime OClO in the winter Arctic vortex, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 110(D1), doi:10.1029/2004JD005035, 2006.

Cooper, O. R., A. Stohl, M. Trainer, A. M. Thompson, J. C. Witte, S. J. Oltmans, G. Morris, K. E. Pickering, J. H. Crawford, G. Chen, R. C. Cohen, T. H. Bertram, P. Wooldridge, A. Perring, W. H. Brune, J. Merrill, J. L. Moody, D. Tarasick, P. Nédélec, G. Forbes, M. J. Newchurch, F. J. Schmidlin, B. J. Johnson, S. Turquety, S. L. Baughcum, X. Ren, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. F. Meagher, N. Spichtinger, C. C. Brown, S. A. McKeen, I. S. McDermid and T. Leblanc, Large upper tropospheric ozone enhancements above midlatitude North America during summer: In situ evidence from the IONS and MOZAIC ozone measurement network, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D24), doi:10.1029/2006JD007306, 2006.

Dubé, W. P., S. S. Brown, H. D. Osthoff, M. R. Nunley, S. J. Ciciora, M. W. Paris, R. J. McLaughlin and A. R. Ravishankara, Aircraft instrument for simultaneous, in situ measurement of NO3 and N2O5 via pulsed cavity ring-down spectroscopy, Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(3, Part 1), doi:10.1063/1.2176058, 2006.

Fahey, D. W., J. H. Churnside, J. W. Elkins, A. J. Gasiewski, K. H. Rosenlof, S. Summers, M. Aslaksen, T. A. Jacobs, J. D. Sellars, C. D. Jennison, L. C. Freudinger and M. Cooper, ltair Unmanned Aircraft System Achieves Demonstration Goals, EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union, 87(20), p. 197, doi:10.1029/2006EO200002, 2006.

Gao, R. S., D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, T. P. Marcy, R. L. Herman, E. M. Weinstock, J. B. Smith, D. S. Sayres, J. V. Pittman, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, P. T. Bui, D. G. Baumgardner, B. E. Anderson, G Kok and A J Weinheimer, Measurements of relative humidity in a persistent contrail, Atmospheric Environment, 40(9), 1590-1600, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.021, 2006.

Kita, K., Y. Morino, Y. Kondo, Y. Komazaki, N. Takegawa, Y. Miyazaki, J. Hirokawa, S. Tanaka, T. L. Thompson, R. S. Gao and D. W. Fahey, A Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer for Ground-Based Measurements of Nitric Acid, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23(8), 1104-1113, doi:10.1175/JTECH1900.1, 2006.

Osthoff, H. D., S. S. Brown, T. B. Ryerson, T. J. Fortin, B. M. Lerner, E. J. Williams, A. Pettersson, T. Baynard, W. P. Dubé, S. J. Ciciora and A. R. Ravishankara, 2 by pulsed cavity ring-down spectroscopy, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D12), doi:>10.1029/2005JD006942, 2006.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, E. Jensen, B. Karcher, D. W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, T. L. Thompson, K. H. Rosenlof, E. C. Richard, R. Herman, E. Weinstock, J. Smith, R. May, H. Vömel, J. Wilson, A. Heymsfield, M. Mahoney and A. Thompson, The observation of nitric acid-containing particles in the tropical lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 601-611, doi:10.5194/acp-6-601-2006, 2006.

Schwarz, J. P., R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, D. S. Thomson, L. A. Watts, J. C. Wilson, J. M. Reeves, M. Darbeheshti, D. G. Baumgardner, G. L. Kok, S. H. Chung, M. Schulz, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, B. Kaercher, J. G. Slowik, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, A. O. Langford, M. Loewenstein and K. C. Aikin, Single-particle measurements of midlatitude black carbon and light-scattering aerosols from the boundary layer to the lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D16), doi:10.1029/2006JD007076, 2006.


Eyring, V, N. Harris, M. Rex, T. Shepherd, D. W. Fahey, G. Amanatidis, J Austin, M. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, P. Forster, A. Gettelman, H. Graf, T. Nagashima, P. Newman, S. Pawson, M. Prather, J. Pyle, R. Salawitch, B. Santer and D. Waugh, A Strategy for Process-Oriented Validation of Coupled Chemistry-Climate Models, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86(8), 1117+, doi:10.1175/BAMS-86-8-1117, 2005.

Marcy, T. P., R. S. Gao, M. J. Northway, P. J. Popp, H. Stark and D. W. Fahey, Using chemical ionization mass spectrometry for detection of HNO3, HCl, and ClONO2 in the atmosphere, International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 243(1), 63-70, doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2004.11.012, 2005.

Tuck, A. F., S. J. Hovde, E. C. Richard, R. S. Gao, T. Bui, W. Swartz and S. Lloyd, Molecular velocity distributions and generalized scale invariance in the turbulent atmosphere, Faraday Discussions, 130, 181-193, doi:10.1039/b410551f, 2005.

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