ESRL's Global Monitoring Division conducts sustained observations and
research related to global distributions, trends, sources and sinks of
atmospheric constituents that are capable of forcing change in the climate
of the Earth. This research will advance climate projections and provide
scientific policy-relevant, decision support information to enhance
society's ability to plan and respond.
ESRL's Global Monitoring Division conducts research on the depletion
of the global stratospheric ozone layer and Antarctic ozone hole through
global surface-based monitoring of total-column ozone, ultraviolet radiation,
and ozone-depleting gases, including those regulated by the Montreal Protocol.
Continued surveillance is necessary in order to verify the expected
recovery of the ozone layer.
ESRL's Global Monitoring Division monitors levels of air quality
elements such as tropospheric ozone, carbon monoxide and aerosol
particles in non-source regions which may be affected by long range
transport from distant sources of industrial pollution. This large-scale
transport affects baseline air quality which must be monitored
in order to determine the importance of regional sources that may impact
the environment and public health.
NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL), Global Monitoring Division, will hold the 45th Global Monitoring Annual Conference on Tuesday and Wednesday, May 23rd and 24th, 2017, in Boulder, Colorado.
Carbon dioxide levels measured at NOAA’s Mauna Loa Baseline Atmospheric Observatory rose by 3 parts per million to 405.1 parts per million (ppm) in 2016, an increase that matched the record jump observed in 2015.
As station chief at NOAA’s Point Barrow, Alaska, observatory, Bryan Thomas works close to the edge of the Arctic Ocean. What he saw from his office in early February, looking north toward the horizon, was troubling.
The hole in the Earth’s ozone layer that forms over Antarctica each September grew to about 8.9 million square miles in 2016 before starting to recover, according to scientists from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) who monitor the annual phenomenon.
Carbon dioxide levels in the Earth’s atmosphere passed a troubling milestone for good this summer, locking in levels of the heat-trapping gas not seen for millions of years.
Every year, the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) rises during winter and then falls slightly during the Northern Hemisphere’s growing season, as plants take up this greenhouse gas during photosynthesis.
But this year, for the first time since before the Ice Age, CO2 will not fall below 400 ppm.
The NASA Pacific Oxidants, Sulfur, Ice, Dehydration, and cONvection (POSIDON) Experiment is a focused airborne science mission to study the ozone distribution, sulfur chemistry, very short-lived ozone depleting species (VSLS), cloud microphysics, and dehydration in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over the western Pacific.