Platform: NASA DC-8 Payload

The NASA DC-8 instrument payload is specifically tailored to the FIREX-AQ science questions and will provide the most detailed characterization of fire plumes from any aircraft platform to date. The NASA DC-8 will have gas- and aerosol-phase measurements as well as remote sensing capabilities. Many of the in-situ measurements will have improved time resolution; up to 10 Hz for some instruments. When sampling small fires, plume penetrations as short as 5 seconds are expected and the value of sampling with a sub-second time resolution has been demonstrated by research in 2016.

aircraft payload schematic
Instrument layout for FIREX-AQ NASA DC-8 aircraft
PositionPIInstitutionSpecies MeasuredTechnique
Gas Phase measurements (Tracers and Reactive Nitrogen)
1Tom RyersonNOAA ESRL CSDO3, NO, NO2, NOyChemiluminescence
2Glenn DiskinNASA LaRCCO2, CO, CH4, H2OLaser Absorption Spectroscopy
4Armin WisthalerU OsloNH3PTR-ToF-MS
6Greg HueyGeorgia TechPAN, PPN, other speciated PANsCIMS
6Patrick VeresNOAA ESRL CSDHNO3, HONO, HO2NO2, HNCOIodide ToF-CIMS
8Carsten WarnekeNOAA ESRL CSDCH3CNH3O+ ToF-CIMS
8Jeff PeischlNOAA ESRL CSDCOCavity Enhanced Absorption
9Carrie WomackNOAA ESRL CSDNO2, HONOAirborne cavity enhanced spectroscopy (ACES)
14Andrew RollinsNOAA ESRL CSDSO2Laser Induced Fluorescence
15Paul WennbergCalTechSO2, HCNCIMS
15Mark ZondloPrincetonNH3Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
Gas Phase measurements (Hydrocarbons and Oxidation Products)
5Dirk RichterCU BoulderCH2O, CH3OH, C2H4, C2H6Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
7Don BlakeUC IrvineC2-C10 Alkanes, C2-C4 Alkenes, C6-C9 Aromatics, C1-C5 Alkylnitrates, etc.Whole Air Sampling
8Carsten WarnekeNOAA ESRL CSDSpeciated hydrocarbons and OVOCsH3O+ ToF-CIMS
9Jessica GilmanNOAA ESRL CSDC2-C10 Alkanes, C2-C4 Alkenes, C6-C9 Aromatics, C1-C5 Alkylnitrates, etc.Whole Air Sampling (WAS)
9Carrie WomackNOAA ESRL CSDCHOCHO, CH3COCHOAirborne cavity enhanced spectroscopy (ACES)
12Eric ApelNCAR ACOMC3-C10 hydrocarbons, C1-C7 OVOCs, HCN, CH3CN, C1-C2 halocarbons, etc.HR-ToF-GC/MS
14Tom HaniscoNASA GSFCCH2OLaser Induced Fluorescence
15Paul WennbergCalTechH2O2, organic peroxides, organic acids, isoprene oxidations products, etc.CIMS
Aerosol measurements (physical/optical/chemical)
3Jack Dibb
Rodney Weber
UNH
Georgia Tech
BrC, bulk aerosol composition, HNO3Filter sampling, spectrophotometer, and mist chamber
10Nick WagnerNOAA ESRL CSDAerosol absorption and extinction at multiple wavelengths and RHCavity ringdown extinction and photoacoustic absorption spectrometers
10Adam AhernNOAA ESRL CSDAerosol scattering phase function at UV and visible (blue) wavelengthsLaser Imaging Nephelometer
11Rich MooreNASA LaRCAerosol number, volatility, size dist., and optical/physical properties, CCNParticle counters, nephelometers, etc.
12Joseph KatichNOAA ESRL CSDBC concentration, size, mixing stateSingle Particle Soot Photometer (SP2)
13Jose JimenezCU BoulderSubmicron aerosol compositionHR-ToF-AMS
11Bernadett WeinzierlU ViennaCloud and coarse mode size distributionOptical wing probe detectors
11Kouji AdachiMRI, JapanShape, mixing state, composition, etc. of individual particlesFilter sampling and analysis by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
12Art SedlacekDOE BNLAerosol absorption/scattering at 532 and 405 nmPhotothermal Interferometer (PTI)
Remote sensing measurements (active and passive) and Met (T, P, Winds)
1/8Sam HallNCAR ACOMCAFS (Zenith/nadir solar actinic flux and photolysis frequencies)4π-sr spectroradiometry
10Jochen StutzUCLAMini-DOAS (trace gas columnsAirborne MAX-DOAS
16Jeff MyersNASA ARCActive fires (T ≤ 850 K) and burn scars at 10-20 m resolution)MODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator (MASTER) scanning spectrometer
17John HairNASA LaRCActive remote sensing in the zenith and nadir directions for O3, aerosol backscatter, extinction, depolarization, etc.Differential Absorption Lidar - High Spectral Resolution Lidar (DIAL-HSRL)
No RackPaul BuiNASA ARCTemperature, Pressure, 3D windsMeteorological Measurement System (MMS)
No RackVan GilstNSRCThermal imaging for flight guidanceFLIR camera