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CDC Publications, 1997-2001

P - Z

Peng, S., and W. A. Robinson, 2001: Relationships between atmospheric internal variability and the responses to an extratropical SST anomaly. J. Climate, 14, 2943-2959.

Peng, S., and J. S. Whitaker, 1999: Mechanisms determining the atmospheric response to midlatitude SST anomalies. J. Climate, 12, 1393-1408.

Peng, S., W. A. Robinson, and M. P. Hoerling, 1997: The modeled atmospheric response to midlatitude SST anomalies and its dependence on background circulation states. J. Climate, 10, 971-987.

Penland, C., 2001: On the perception of probabilistic forecasts. In Facts and Speculation about La Niña and its Societal Impacts, M. H. Glantz (Ed.), United Nations University Press, Tokyo, in press.

Penland, C., and L. Matrosova, 2001: Expected and actual errors of linear inverse modeling forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1740-1745.

Penland, C., M. Fluegel, and P. Chang, 2000: On the identification of dynamical regimes in an intermediate coupled ocean-atmosphere model. J. Climate, 13, 2105-2115.

Penland, C., and L. Matrosova, 1998: Prediction of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures using linear inverse modeling. J. Climate, 11, 483-496.

Pielke, R., J. Kimpel, C. Adams, J. Baker, S. Changnon, R. Keener, P. Leavitt, J. McCarthy, K. Miller, A. Murphy, R. S. Pulwarty, R. Roth, E. Stanley, T. Stewart, T. Zacharias, 1997: The U.S. Weather Research Program: Societal impacts. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 79, 867-876.

Pincus, R., and S. A. Ackerman, 2001: Radiation in the atmosphere: Fundamentals. In The McGraw-Hill Handbook of Meteorology, T. D. Potter and B. Colman (Eds.), McGraw-Hill, New York, in press.

Pulwarty, R. S., 1998: Hurricane impacts in the context of climate variability, climate change and coastal management policy on the eastern U.S. sea-board. In Climate, Change and Risk. Downing, T. A. Olsthoorn, and R. Tol (Eds.), Routledge, London, 173-204.

Pulwarty, R. S., R. Barry, C. Hurst, K. Sellinger, and L. Mogollon, 1998: Precipitation on the Venezuelan Andes in the context of regional climate. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 16, 217-237.

Pulwarty, R. S., and K. Redmond, 1997: Climate and salmon restoration in the Columbia River basin: the role and usability of seasonal forecasts. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 381-397.

Pulwarty, R. S., and W. R. Riebsame, 1997: The political ecology of hurricane-related hazards. In Hurricanes: Climate and Socio-economic impacts, H. Diaz and R. Pulwarty (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 185-214.

Radok, U., C. A. Smith and G. Wendler 1998: Southern Ocean synoptics-observations and analyses. Meteorol. Appl., 5, 33-36.

Ribera, P., R. Garcia, H. F. Diaz, L. Gimeno, and E. Hernandez, 2000: Trends and interannual oscillations in the main sea-level surface pressure patterns over the Mediterranean, 1955-1990. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1143-1146.

Ricciardulli, L., and R. R. Garcia, 2000: The excitation of equatorial waves by deep convection in the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM3). J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3461-3487.

Rufenach, C., J. Bates, and S. Tosini, 1998: ERS-1 scatterometer measurements: Part 1, the relationship between radar cross section and buoy wind in two oceanic regions. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 36, 603-622.

Sardeshmukh, P. D., C. Penland, and M. Newman, 2001: Rossby waves in a fluctuating medium. In Stochastic Climate Models, P. Imkeller and J.-S. von Storch (Eds.), Progress in Probability, 49, Birkhaueser, Basel, 369-384.

Sardeshmukh P. D., G. P. Compo, and C. Penland, 2000: Changes of probability associated with El Niño. J. Climate, 13, 4268-4286.

Sardeshmukh, P. D., M. Newman, and M. D. Borges, 1997: Free barotropic Rossby wave dynamics of the wintertime low-frequency flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 5-23.

Schneider, N., A. J. Miller, M. A. Alexander, C. Deser, 1999: Subduction of decadal north Pacific temperature anomalies: observations and dynamics. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1056-1070.

Scott, J. D., and M. A. Alexander, 1999: Net shortwave fluxes over the ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 3167-3174.

Scott, J. D., M. A. Alexander, J. A. Collins, and C. A. Smith, 1997: Interactive visualization of climate data on the WWW. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 1985-1989.

Serreze, M., M. Clark, R. Armstrong, D. McGinnis, and R. Pulwarty, 1999: Characteristics of western U.S. snowpack telemetry (SNOTEL) data. Water Resour. Res., 35, 2145-2160.

Shaw, J. A., J. J. Bates, H. M. Zorn, and J. H. Churnside, 1999: Observations of downwelling infrared radiance at Mauna Loa, Hawaii during the 1997-1998 ENSO event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1727-1730.

Shinoda, T., and H. H. Hendon, 2001: Upper ocean heat budget in response to the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, in press.

Shinoda, T., H. H. Hendon, and J. D. Glick, 1999: Intraseasonal surface fluxes in the tropical western Pacific from NCEP reanalyses. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 678-693.

Shinoda, T., H. H. Hendon, and J. D. Glick, 1998: Intraseasonal variability of surface fluxes and sea surface temperature in the tropical western Pacific and Indian Oceans. J. Climate, 7, 1685-1702.

Shinoda, T., and H. H. Hendon, 1998: Mixed layer modeling of intraseasonal sea surface temperature variability in the tropical western Pacific and Indian Ocean. J. Climate, 11, 2668-2685.

Smith, C. A., and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 2000: The effect of ENSO on the intraseasonal variance of surface temperature in winter. Int. J. Climatol., 20, 1543-1557.

Soden, B., S. Tjemkes, J. Schmetz, R. Saunders, J. Bates, B. Ellingson, R. Engelen, L. Garand, D. Jackson, G. Jedlovec, T. Kleespies, D. Randel, P. Rayer, E. Salathe, D. Schwarzkopf, N. Scott, B. Sohn, S. de Souza-Machado, L. Strow, D. Tobin, D. Turner, P. van Delst, and T. Wehr, 2000: An intercomparison of radiation codes for retrieving upper tropospheric humidity in the 6.3-micron band: A report from the Firstt GVaP Workshop. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 797-808.

Suarez, M. J., W. J. Emery, and G. A. Wick, 1997: The multi-channel infrared sea truth radiometric calibrator (MISTRC). J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 14, 243-253.

Sun, D.-Z., C. Covey, and R. S. Lindzen, 2001: Vertical correlations of water vapor in GCMs. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 259-262.

Sun, D. Z., 2000: The heat sources and sinks of the 1986-87 El Niño. J. Climate, 13, 3533-3550.

Sun, D. Z., 2000: Global climate change and El Niño: A theoretical framework. In El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts, H. F. Diaz and V. Markgraf (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 443-463.

Sun, D. Z., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Coordinated heat removal from the equatorial Pacific during the 1986-87 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2659-2662.

Sun, D. Z., 1997: El Niño: A coupled response to radiative heating? Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2031-2034.

Ting, M., M. P. Hoerling, T. Xu, and A. Kumar, 2000: Reply to Comments on "Northern Hemisphere teleconnections patterns during extreme phases of the zonal-mean circulation". J. Climate, 13, 1040-1043.

Torrence, C., and G. P. Compo, 1998: A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 79, 61-78.

Weickmann, K. M., W. A. Robinson, and C. Penland, 2000: Stochastic and oscillatory forcing of global atmospheric angular momentum. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 15543-15557.

Weickmann, K. M., G. N. Kiladis and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 1997: The dynamics of intraseasonal atmospheric angular momentum oscillations. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1445-1461.

Wheeler, M., and K. M. Weickmann, 2001: Real time monitoring of modes of coherent synoptic to intraseasonal convective variability. Mon. Wea. Rev., in press.

Whitaker, J. S., and K. M. Weickmann, 2001: Subseasonal variations of tropical convection and week two prediction of wintertime western North American rainfall. J. Climate, 14, 3279-3288.

Whitaker, J. S., and A. F. Loughe, 1998: The relationship between ensemble spread and ensemble mean skill. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 3292-3302.

Whitaker, J. S., and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 1998: A linear theory of extratropical synoptic eddy statistics. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 237-258.

Wick, G. A., and A. T. Jessup, 1998: Simulation of ocean skin temperature modulation by swell waves. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 3149-3161.

Winkler C. R., M. Newman, and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 2001: A linear model of wintertime low-frequency variability. Part I: Formulation and forecast skill. J. Climate, in press.

Wolter, K., R. M. Dole and C. A. Smith, 1999: Short-term climate extremes over the continental U.S. and ENSO, Part I: Seasonal temperatures. J. Climate, 12, 3255-3272.

Wolter, K., and M. S. Timlin, 1998: Measuring the strength of ENSO events: How does 1997/98 rank? Weather, 53, 315-324.

Wolter, K., 1997: Trimming problems and remedies in COADS. J. Climate, 10, 1980-1997.

Woodruff, S. D., H. F. Diaz, J. D. Elms, and S. J. Worley, 1998: COADS Release 2 data and metadata enhancements for improvements of marine surface flux fields. Phys. Chem. Earth, 23, 517-526.

Yano, J.-I., W. W. Grabowski, G. L. Roff, and B. E. Mapes, 2000: Asymptotic approaches to convective quasi-equilibrium, Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 126, 1-27.

Zhang, C., and Hendon, H. H., 1997: On the propagating and standing components of the intraseasonal oscillation in tropical convection. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 741-752.

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