[an error occurred while processing this directive]
 

ESRL Global Systems Division


Innovative Weather Delivery Systems




Border

Development Efforts


SHOUT

The NOAA UAS Program has designed a project focused on "Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology (SHOUT)" to quantify the influence of UAS environmental data to high impact weather prediction and assess the operational effectiveness of UAS to help mitigate the risk of satellite observing gaps. The NOAA UAS Program will partner with NASA to conduct missions using advanced UAS for operational prototype data collection.

The SHOUT Program is a part of the broader plan to focus, accelerate and enhance a number of ongoing R&D efforts to help achieve several of these objectives using .Hurricane Sandy. Supplemental Funding. The overall goal of the SHOUT project is to demonstrate and test a prototype concept of operations for unmanned observing technology that could be used to mitigate the risk of diminished high impact weather forecasts and warnings in the case of polar-orbiting satellite observing gaps.

Overview


Targeted observations from aircraft in oceanic regions can significantly improve how well weather models forecast significant meteorological events such as tropical storms, winter storms and major floods. The long duration and large oceanic areas that can be observed using advanced Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) such as the Global Hawk make this an important potential observing platform. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) UAS Program will work with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to conduct missions using advanced UAS to determine their utility in prediction of dangerous storms that can affect the United States. This effort to sense hazards with operational unmanned technology will determine the observing strategies and quantify the contribution that advanced UAS can make to mitigate the satellite data gap.

There is a well-established scientific finding that adaptive observations can improve weather prediction. This is particularly true for major storms, such as tropical storms, winter storms, and family tornado outbreaks. The operations concept would be that several days before a potential storm, advanced techniques such as .singular vector. calculations are used to determine sensitive areas. The UAS program has developed the Global Hawk in cooperation with NASA; this platform could drop as many as 160 dropsondes in sensitive areas (e.g. over large upstream areas such as the Pacific Ocean), and along with downward looking sounders, significantly improve medium range predictions for dangerous storms.

Effective information planning and management will be critical to fully evaluating the potential of unmanned technology to successfully mitigate the loss of satellite information for weather prediction of high impact events. SHOUT project funding will be used to develop a strategic plan, demonstrate, and test a concept of operations for effectively and efficiently delivering SHOUT gap filling data for real-time operations, near-real time use, and for future use. This task will not build a duplicate information delivery and archival system but will be a systems engineering effort to address how to use current NOAA information management systems most effectively given the data volume and latency of Global Hawk observations. The technology readiness of Global Hawk data communication and payload systems must be evaluated for real-time utilization by operational weather prediction models and forecasters. Of particular importance to this task is the consideration of how UAS observations will be incorporated into operational data assimilation procedures in the event of an actual satellite observing gap. The development of a SHOUT information management strategic plan will be performed by Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) working collaboratively with the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) and NOAA building on experience in researching and developing NOAA meteorological information management systems. It is expected the team will also work collaboratively with existing NOAA information management teams to develop and demonstrate real-time data delivery, visualization, and archival for the UAS observations. An emphasis will be placed on leveraging current work but providing additional resources so the UAS observations will be managed and utilized in parallel with other data sets and not sequentially after other data sets. These tasks will include the development and implementation of the SHOUT information management requirements.

In accordance with the NOAA Data Management framework, the information management strategic plan will adhere to the following principles:
  • Full and Open Access: NOAA data should be made fully and openly available to all users promptly, in a non-discriminatory manner, and free of charge (or at minimum cost) for data that isn't restricted.
  • Long-Term Preservation: NOAA data should be managed as an asset and preserved for future use.
  • Information Quality: NOAA data should be well documented and of known quality.
  • Ease of Use: NOAA observations should be transformed into relevant products for end users that are made discoverable and accessible online using interoperable services and standardized formats to encourage the broadest possible use.

Strategy


The SHOUT project will begin with a targeted observing effort using NASA Global Hawk platforms and payloads for observing and predicting high impact oceanic weather. As the project matures, other viable unmanned observing technologies may be incorporated into the observing strategies tested as operational prototypes.

Tasks / Activities


Following NOAA.s Environmental Data Management Framework (EDMF) a data management plan will be developed for handling UAS instrumentation package data covering ingest, integration, visualization, and archival. Recommendations from the plan will be used to prototype and demonstrate all phases of the UAS data life cycle from real-time operations to post analysis and research. The demonstration will build an improve upon NOAA.s operational and research data ingest, integration, visualization, and archival strategies in use today.

In summary, the proposed research effort falls under 4 general tasks/activities:
  1. UAS data Lifecycle management -- Management and maintenance of data through various stages of the data lifecycle from data creation, real-time delivery for modelling assimilation and visualization, accessible storage for use in other tools and applications, and eventual archival for long-term preservation.
  2. Research and investigation of existing visualization tools, providing guidance and recommendations going forward for real-time UAS data visualization within three (3) distinct realms: Real Time Mission Monitoring, Real Time Data Visualization for operational users, and Scientific visualization for data analysis, comparison and impacts. Each visualization system will allow users to integrate other earth system data synchronized in both time and space. Initial candidates will include existing NASA Mission Tools Suites, NOAA AWIPS II, and the NOAA Earth Information System (NEIS).
  3. Development of real-time data visualization tools resulting from output of task 2.
  4. Development and implementation of tools aiding UAS data discovery and accessibility to meet NOAA data management requirements.

Milestones

Year 1
  1. Develop SHOUT data lifecycle management plan.
  2. Evaluate existing visualization tools and capabilities for use in three visualization realms described above.
  3. Develop recommendations for system architecture and implementation plan for UAS data visualization for three realms described above.
  4. Develop recommendations for UAS data visualization for operational NWS forecasters.
  5. Develop data discovery and accessibility architecture and implementation plan.
  6. Implementation and delivery of initial data lifecycle management for one UAS instrumentation package, making data available for real-time model assimilation and visualization and data archival.
  7. Initial proof of concept visualization development for one UAS instrumentation package.
  8. Implementation and delivery of initial visualization system Real Time Mission Monitoring
Year 2
  1. Continue development of data lifecycle management for up to 3 additional UAS instrumentation packages.
  2. Implementation and delivery of initial visualization system for Real Time Scientific visualization and analysis.
  3. Demonstration of UAS data visualization tools and capabilities.
Year 3
  1. Delivery of final data lifecycle management implementation for UAS data.
  2. Delivery of final UAS data visualization system for Real Time Mission Monitoring.
  3. Delivery of final UAS data visualization system for Real Time Scientific visualization and analysis.
  4. Demonstration of UAS data visualization tools and capabilities.


Deliverables


TaskMilestoneDeliverable
Work with NOAA and CIRES to develop data lifecycle management plan.2/28/2015SHOUT Data Lifecycle plan for UAS instrumentation packages.
Evaluate existing visualization tools.3/31/2015Recommendations for which tool to use for each visualization realm.
Develop recommendations for system architecture and implementation plan for UAS data visualization for each realm.6/30/2015System architecture and implementation plan for visualization of each realm.
Develop recommendations for UAS data visualization for operational NWS forecasters.6/30/2015UAS data visualization system architecture and implementation plan for NWS forecasters.
Develop data discovery and accessibility architecture and implementation plan.6/30/2015Plan for data discovery and accessibility architecture for UAS instrumentation package data.
Implementation and delivery of initial data lifecycle management for one UAS instrumentation package.6/30/2015One UAS instrumentation package data set ingested, available for visualization, and discoverable, for all SHOUT flights.
Initial proof of concept visualization development for one UAS instrumentation package. 6/30/2105Proof of concept display reading data from UAS data lifecycle implementation.
Implementation and delivery of initial visualization system Real Time Mission Monitoring 6/30/2016 Initial Real Time Mission monitoring visualization tools.
Development of data lifecycle management for 3 additional UAS instrumentation packages. 1st add on 10/31/2015
2nd add on 02/29/2016
3rd add on 06/30/2016
Three additional UAS instrumentation package data sets ingested, available for visualization, and discoverable for all SHOUT flights.
Implementation and delivery of initial visualization system for Real Time Scientific visualization and analysis. 6/30/2016Real-time scientific displays and analysis of UAS instrumentation package data.
Demonstration of UAS data visualization tools and capabilities6/30/2016Demonstrations of real-time scientific display capabilities.
Delivery of final data lifecycle management implementation for UAS data.06/30/2017Any additional UAS instrumentation package data sets ingested, available for visualization, and discoverable for all SHOUT flights.
Delivery of final UAS data visualization system for Real Time Mission Monitoring.6/30/2017Ability to visualize and monitor all SHOUT flights in real-time. Ability to visualize past SHOUT missions.
Delivery of final UAS data visualization system for Real Time Scientific visualization and analysis.6/30/2017Ability to visualize and analysis all UAS instrumentation package data for all SHOUT flights.
Demonstration of UAS data visualization tools and capabilities.6/30/2017Demonstrations of of real-time scientific display capabilities for all SHOUT flights.


Team

  • Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)
  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Border