Atmospheric Composition & Chemical Processes: Publications

This listing reflects articles by authors in the research program at time of publication and may not be complete. CSL Publications are updated quarterly.

Group Publications:


de Boer, G., C. Diehl, J. Jacob, A. Houston, S.W. Smith, P. Chilson, D.G. Schmale III, J. Intrieri, J. Pinto, J. Elston, D. Brus, O. Kemppinen, A. Clark, D. Lawrence, S.C.C. Bailey, M.P. Sama, A. Frazier, C. Crick, V. Natalie, E. Pillar-Little, P. Klein, S. Waugh, J.K. Lundquist, L. Barbieri, S. Kral, A. Jensen, C. Dixon, S. Borenstein, D. Hesselius, K. Human, P. Hall, B. Argrow, T. Thornberry, R. Wright, and J.T. Kelly, Development of community, capabilities and understanding through unmanned aircraft-based atmospheric research: The LAPSE-RATE campaign, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0050.1, 2020.

Hodzic, A., P. Campuzano-Jost, H. Bian, M. Chin, P.R. Colarco, D.A. Day, K.D. Froyd, B. Heinold, D.S. Jo, J.M. Katich, J.K. Kodros, B.A. Nault, J.R. Pierce, E. Ray, J. Schacht, G.P. Schill, J.C. Schroder, J.P. Schwarz, D.T. Sueper, I. Tegen, S. Tilmes, K. Tsigaridis, P. Yu, and J.L. Jimenez, Characterization of organic aerosol across the global remote troposphere: A comparison of ATom measurements and global chemistry models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-20-4607-2020, 2020.

Rollins, A.W., P.S. Rickly, R.-S. Gao, T.B. Ryerson, S.S. Brown, J. Peischl, and I. Bourgeois, Single-photon laser-induced fluorescence detection of nitric oxide at sub-parts per trillion mixing ratios, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-13-2425-2020, 2020.

Saide, P.E., M. Gao, Z. Lu, D. Goldberg, D.G. Streets, J.-H. Woo, A. Beyersdorf, C. Corr, K.L. Thornhill, B. Anderson, J.W. Hair, A.R. Nehrir, G.S. Diskin, J.L. Jimenez, B.A. Nault, P. Campuzano-Jost, J. Dibb, E. Heim, K.D. Lamb, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, J. Kim, M. Choi, B. Holben, G. Pfister, A. Hodzic, G.R. Carmichael, L. Emmons, and J.H. Crawford, Understanding and improving model representation of aerosol optical properties for a Chinese haze event measured during KORUS-AQ, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-20-6455-2020, 2020.

Veres, P.R., J.A. Neuman, T.H. Bertram, E. Assaf, G.M. Wolfe, C.J. Williamson, B. Weinzierl, S. Tilmes, C. Thompson, A.B. Thames, J.C. Schroder, A. Saiz-Lopez, A.W. Rollins, J.M. Roberts, D. Price, J. Peischl, B.A. Nault, K.H. Møller, D.O. Miller, S. Meinardi, Q. Li, J.-F. Lamarque, A. Kupc, H.G. Kjaergaard, D. Kinnison, J.L. Jimenez, C.M. Jernigan, R.S. Hornbrook, A. Hills, M. Dollner, D.A. Day, C.A. Cuevas, P. Campuzano-Jost, J. Burkholder, T.P. Bui, W.H. Brune, S.S. Brown, C.A. Brock, I. Bourgeois, D.R. Blake, E.C. Apel, and T.B. Ryerson, Global airborne sampling reveals a previously unobserved dimethyl sulfide oxidation mechanism in the marine atmosphere, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1919344117, 2020.


Adler, G., N.L. Wagner, K.D. Lamb, K.M. Manfred, J.P. Schwarz, A. Franchin, A.M. Middlebrook, R.A. Washenfelder, C.C. Womack, R.J. Yokelson, and D.M. Murphy, Evidence in biomass burning smoke for a light-absorbing aerosol with properties intermediate between brown and black carbon, Aerosol Science & Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2019.1617832, 2019.

Brock, C.A., C.J. Williamson, A. Kupc, K. Froyd, F. Erdesz, N. Wagner, M. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, R.-S. Gao, J.M. Katich, P. Compuzano-Jost, B.A. Nault, J.C. Schroder, J.L. Jimenez, B. Weinzierl, M. Dollner, T. Bui, and D.M. Murphy, Aerosol size distributions during the Atmospheric Tomography (ATom) mission: methods, uncertainties, and data products, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-12-3081-2019, 2019.

Clouser, B., K. Lamb, L. Sarkozy, A. Nisenoff, J. Habig, V. Ebert, H. Saathoff, O. Möhler, and E. Moyer, No anomalous supersaturation in ultracold cirrus laboratory experiments, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 1089-1103, doi:10.5194/acp-20-1089-2020, 2020.

Kaiser, J.C., J. Hendricks, M. Righi, P. Joöckel, H. Tost, K. Kandler, B. Weinzierl, D. Sauer, K. Heimerl, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, and T. Popp, Global aerosol modeling with MADE3 (v3.0) in EMAC (based on v2.53): model description and evaluation, Geoscientific Model Development, doi:10.5194/gmd-12-541-2019, 2019.

Lamb, K.D., Classification of iron oxide aerosols by a single particle soot photometer using supervised machine learning, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-12-3885-2019, 2019.

Li, H., K.D. Lamb, J.P. Schwarz, V. Selimovic, R.J. Yokelson, G.R. McMeeking, and A.A. May, Inter-comparison of black carbon measurement methods for simulated open biomass burning emissions, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2019.03.010, 2019.

Maloney, C., C. Bardeen, O.B. Toon, E. Jensen, S. Woods, T. Thornberrry, L. Pfister, G. Diskin, and T. Bui, An evaluation of the representation of tropical tropopause cirrus in the CESM/CARMA model using satellite and aircraft observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD029720, 2019.

Pan, L.L., S.B. Honomichl, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, T.P. Bui, L. Pfister, and E.E. Jensen, Observational evidence of horizontal transport-driven dehydration in the TTL, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2019GL083647, 2019.

Robrecht, S., B. Vogel, J.-U. Groo&‌szlig;, K. Rosenlof, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, M. Krämer, L. Christensen, and R. Muüller, Mechanism of ozone loss under enhanced water vapour conditions in the mid-latitude lower stratosphere in summer, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-19-5805-2019, 2019.

Schoeberl, M.R., E.J. Jensen, L. Pfister, R. Ueyama, T. Wang, H. Selkirk, T. Thornberry, A.E. Dessler, and M. Avery, Water vapor, clouds, and saturation in the tropical tropopause layer, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD029849, 2019.

Schwarz, J.P., Extrapolation of single particle soot photometer incandescent signal data, Aerosol Science & Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2019.1610154, 2019.

Ullrich, R., C. Hoose, D.J. Cziczo, K. Froyd, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, T.V. Bui, C.G. Schmitt, B. Vogel, D. Rieger, T. Leiser, and O. Möhler, Comparison of modeled and measured ice nucleating particle composition in a cirrus cloud, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0034.1, 2019.

Yu, P., K.D. Froyd, R.W. Portmann, O.B. Toon, S.R. Freitas, C.G. Bardeen, C. Brock, T. Fan, R.-S. Gao, J.M. Katich, A. Kupc, S. Liu, C. Maloney, D.M. Murphy, K.H. Rosenlof, G. Schill, J.P. Schwarz, and C. Williamson, Efficient in‐cloud removal of aerosols by deep convection, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2018GL080544, 2019.

Yu, P., O.B. Toon, C.G. Bardeen, Y. Zhu, K.H. Rosenlof, R.W. Portmann, T.D. Thornberry, R.-S. Gao, S.M. Davis, E. Wolf, J. de Gouw, D.A. Peterson, M.D. Fromm, and A. Robock, Black carbon lofts wildfire smoke high into the stratosphere to form a persistent plume, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aax1748, 2019.

Zawadowicz, M.A., K.D. Froyd, A.E. Perring, D.M. Murphy, D.V. Spracklen, C.L. Heald, P.R. Buseck, and D.J. Cziczo, Model-measurement consistency and limits of bioaerosol abundance over the continental United States, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-19-13859-2019, 2019.


Cui, Y., S. Liu, Z. Bai, J. Bian, D. Li, K. Fan, S. McKeen, L. Watts, S. Ciciora, and R.-S. Gao, Religious burning as a major source of atmospheric fine aerosols in Lhasa city on the Tibetan Plateau, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.03.025, 2018.

de Boer, G., M. Ivey, B. Schmid, D. Lawrence, D. Dexheimer, F. Mei, J. Hubbe, A. Bendure, J. Hardesty, M.D. Shupe, A. McComiskey, H. Telg, C. Schmitt, S.Y. Matrosov, I. Brooks, J. Creamean, A. Solomon, D.D. Turner, C. Williams, M. Maahn, B. Argrow, S. Palo, C.N. Long, R.-S. Gao, and J. Mather, A bird's eye view: Development of an operational ARM unmanned aerial capability for atmospheric research in Arctic Alaska, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0156.1, 2018.

Ditas, J., N. Ma, Y. Zhang, D. Assmann, M. Neumaier, H. Riede, E. Karu, J. Williams, D. Scharffe, Q. Wang, J. Saturno, J.P. Schwarz, J.M. Katich, G. McMeeking, A. Zahn, M. Hermann, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, M.O. Andreae, U. Pöschl, H. Su, and Y. Cheng, Strong impact of wildfires on abundance and aging of black carbon in the lowermost stratosphere, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1806868115, 2018.

Emerson, E., J. Katich, J. Schwarz, G. McMeeking, and D. Farmer, Direct measurements of dry and wet deposition of black carbon over a grassland, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD028954, 2018.

Jensen, E.J., S. Woods, R.P. Lawson, J.-P. Vernier, T.V. Bui, L. Pfister, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, J.P. Vernier, L. Pan, S. Honomichl, and O.B. Toon, Ash particles detected in the tropical lower stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2018GL079605, 2018.

Kahn, A., G. McMeeking, J.P. Schwarz, P. Xian, K. Welch, W.B. Lyons, and D. McKnight, Near-surface refractory black carbon observations in the atmosphere and snow in the McMurdo dry valleys, Antarctica, and potential impacts of foehn winds, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2017JD027696, 2018.

Kärcher, B., T. Thornberry, M. Krämer, and E.J. Jensen, On the statistical distribution of total water in cirrus clouds, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018GL079780, 2018.

Katich, J.M., B.H. Samset, T.P. Bui, M. Dollner, K. Froyd, P. Campuzano-Jost, B. Nault, J. Schroder, B. Weinzierl, and J.P. Schwarz, Strong contrast in remote black carbon aerosol loadings between the Atlantic and Pacific basins, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD029206, 2018.

Kaufmann, S., C. Voigt, R. Heller, T. Jurkat-Witschas, M. Krämer, C. Rolf, M. Zöger, A. Giez, B. Buchholz, V. Ebert, T. Thornberry, and U. Schumann, Intercomparison of mid-latitude tropospheric and lower stratospheric water vapor measurements and comparison to ECMWF humidity data, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-18-16729-2018, 2018.

Lamb, K.D., A.E. Perring, B. Samset, D. Peterson, S. Davis, B.E. Anderson, A. Beyersdorf, D.R. Blake, P. Campuzano-Jost, C.A. Corr, G.S. Diskin, Y. Kondo, N. Moteki, B.A. Nault, J. Oh, M. Park, S.E. Pusede, I.J. Simpson, K.L. Thornhill, A. Wisthaler, and J.P. Schwarz, Estimating source region influences on black carbon abundance, microphysics, and radiative effect observed over South Korea, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD029257, 2018.

Lund, M.T., B.H. Samset, R.B. Skeie, D. Watson-Parris, J.M. Katich, J.P. Schwarz, and B. Weinzierl, Short black carbon lifetime inferred from global set of aircraft observations, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, doi:10.1038/s41612-018-0040-x, 2018.

Manfred, K.M., R.A. Washenfelder, N.L. Wagner, G. Adler, F. Erdesz, C.C. Womack, K.D. Lamb, J.P. Schwarz, A. Franchin, V. Selimovic, R.J. Yokelson, and D.M. Murphy, Investigating biomass burning aerosol moprhology using a laser imaging nephelometer, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics doi:10.5194/acp-18-1879-2018, 2018.

Markovic, M.Z., A.E. Perring, R.-S. Gao, J. Liao, A. Welti, N.L. Wagner, I.B. Pollack, A.M. Middlebrook, T.B. Ryerson, M.K. Trainer, C. Warneke, J.A. de Gouw, D.W. Fahey, P. Stier, and J.P. Schwarz, Limited impact of sulfate-driven chemistry on black carbon aerosol aging in power plant plumes, AIMS Environmental Science, doi:10.3934/environsci.2018.3.195, 2018.

Mason, B., N.L. Wagner, G. Adler, E. Andrews, C.A. Brock, T.D. Gordon, D.A. Lack, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, M.A. Shook, K.L. Thornhill, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, An intercomparison of aerosol absorption measurements conducted during the SEAC4RS campaign, Aerosol Science & Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2018.1500012, 2018.

Nault, B.A., P. Campuzano-Jost, D.A. Day, J.C. Schroder, B. Anderson, A.J. Beyersdorf, D.R. Blake, W.H. Brune, Y. Choi, C.A. Corr, J.A. de Gouw, J. Dibb, J.P. DiGangi, G.S. Diskin, A. Fried, L.G. Huey, M.J. Kim, C.J. Knote, K.D. Lamb, T. Lee, T. Park, S.E. Pusede, E. Scheuer, K.L. Thornhill, J.-H. Woo, and J.L. Jimenez, Secondary organic aerosol production from local emissions dominates the organic aerosol budget over Seoul, South Korea, during KORUS-AQ, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-18-17769-2018, 2018.

Pan, L.L., S.B. Honomichl, T.V. Bui, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, E. Hntsa, and E.J. Jensen, Lapse rate or cold point: The tropical tropopause identified by in situ trace gas measurements, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2018GL079573, 2018.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, E. Atlas, M. Navarro, S. Schauffler, F. Moore, J. Elkins, E. Ray, K. Rosenlof, V. Aquila, and R.-S. Gao, SO2 observations and sources in the western Pacific tropical tropopause region, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JD029635, 2018.


Bergman, J.W., L. Pfister, D.E. Kinnison, E.J. Hintsa, and T.D. Thornberry, The viability of trajectory analysis for diagnosing dynamical and chemical influences on ozone concentrations in the UTLS, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2017jd026487, 2017.

Gvakharia, A., E.A. Kort, A. Brandt, J. Peischl, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, M.L. Smith, and C. Sweeney, Methane, black carbon, and ethane emissions from natural gas flares in the Bakken Shale, North Dakota, Environmental Science & Technology, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b05183, 2017.

Jensen, E.J., L. Pfister, D.E. Jordan, T.V. Bui, R. Ueyama, H.B. Singh, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, R.-S. Gao, D.W. Fahey, K.H. Rosenlof, J.W. Elkins, G.S. Diskin, J.P. DiGangi, R.P. Lawson, S. Woods, E.L. Atlas, M.A. Navarro Rodriguez, S.C. Wofsy, J. Pittman, C.G. Bardeen, O.B. Toon, B.C. Kindel, P.A. Newman, M.J. McGill, D.L. Hlavka, L.R. Lait, M.R. Schoeberl, J.W. Bergman, H.B. Selkirk, M.J. Alexander, J.-E. Kim, B.H. Lim, J. Stutz, and K. Pfeilsticker, The NASA Airborne Tropical Tropopause Experiment: High-altitude aircraft measurements in the tropical western Pacific, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00263.1, 2017.

Jensen, E.J., T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, R. Ueyama, L. Pfister, T.V. Bui, G.S. Diskin, J.P. DiGangi, E. Hintsa, R.-S. Gao, S. Woods, R.P. Lawson, and J. Pittman, Physical processes controlling the spatial distributions of relative humidity in the tropical tropopause layer over the Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2017JD026632, 2017.

Katich, J.M., A.E. Perring, and J.P. Schwarz, Optimized detection of particulates from liquid samples in the aerosol phase: Focus on black carbon, Aerosol Science & Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2017.1280597, 2017.

Khan, A.L., H. Dierssen, J.P. Schwarz, C. Schmitt, A. Chlus, M. Hermanson, T.H. Painter, and D.M. McKnight, Impacts of coal dust from an active mine on the spectral reflectance of Arctic surface snow in Svalbard, Norway, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025757, 2017.

Lamb, K.D., B.W. Clouser, M. Bolot, L. Sarkozy, V. Ebert, H. Saathoff, O. Möhler, and E.J. Moyer, Laboratory measurements of HDO/H2O isotopic fractionation during ice deposition in simulated cirrus clouds, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1618374114, 2017.

Navarro, M.A., A. Saiz-Lopez, C.A. Cuevas, R.P. Fernandez, E. Atlas, X. Rodriguez-Lloveras, D. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, J.W. Elkins, E.J. Hintsa, and F.L. Moore, Modelling the inorganic bromine partitioning in the tropical tropopause over the Pacific Ocean, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-17-9917-2017, 2017.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, M.Z. Markovic, D.W. Fahey, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, B.D. Palm, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, G. Diskin, G. Sachse, L. Ziemba, B. Anderson, T. Shingler, E. Crosbie, A. Sorooshian, R. Yokelson, and R.-S. Gao, In-situ measurements of water uptake by black carbon-containing aerosol in wildfire plumes, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025688, 2017.

Robinson, E.S., R.-S. Gao, J.P. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, and A.E. Perring, Fluorescence calibration method for single-particle aerosol fluorescence instruments, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-10-1755-2017, 2017.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, L.A. Watts, P. Yu, K. Rosenlof, M. Mills, E. Baumann, F.R. Giorgetta, T.V. Bui, M. Höpfner, K.A. Walker, C. Boone, P.F. Bernath, P.R. Colarco, P.A. Newman, D.W. Fahey, and R.S. Gao, The role of sulfur dioxide in stratospheric aerosol formation evaluated using in-situ measurements in the tropical lower stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2017GL072754, 2017.

Schwarz, J.P., B. Weinzierl, B. Samset, M. Dollner, K. Heimerl, M.Z. Markovic, A.E. Perring, and L. Ziemba, Aircraft measurements of black carbon vertical profiles show upper tropospheric variability and stability, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL071241, 2017.

Telg, H., D.M. Murphy, T.S. Bates, J.E. Johnson, P.K. Quinn, F. Giardi, and R.-S. Gao, A practical set of miniaturized instruments for vertical profiling of aerosol physical properties, Aerosol Science & Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2017.1296103, 2017.

Thornberry, T.D., A.W. Rollins, M.A. Avery, S. Woods, R.P. Lawson, T.V. Bui, and R.-S. Gao, Ice water content-extinction relationships and effective diameter for TTL cirrus derived from in situ measurements during ATTREX 2014, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025948, 2017.

Werner, B., J. Stutz, M. Spolaor, L. Scalone, R. Raecke, J. Festa, F. Colosimo, R. Cheung, C. Tsai, R. Hossaini, M.P. Chipperfield, G.S. Taverna, W. Feng, J.W. Elkins, D.W. Fahey, R.-S. Gao, E.J. Hintsa, T.D. Thornberry, F.L. Moore, M.A. Navarro, E. Atlas, B. Daube, J. Pittman, S. Wofsy, and K. Pfeilsticker, Probing the subtropical lowermost stratosphere, tropical upper troposphere, and tropopause layer for inorganic bromine, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-17-1161-2017, 2016.

Woods, S., R.P. Lawson, E. Jensen, P. Bui, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, L. Pfister, and M. Avery, Microphysical properties of TTL cirrus, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2017JD028068, 2018.

Yu, P., K.H. Rosenlof, S. Liu, H. Telg, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, R.W. Portmann, Z. Bai, E.A. Ray, Y. Duan, L.L. Pan, O.B. Toon, J. Bian, and R.S. Gao, Efficient transport of tropospheric aerosol into the stratosphere via the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1701170114, 2017.

Zhang, Y., H. Forrister, J. Liu, J. Dibb, B. Anderson, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, Y. Wang, A. Nenes, and R.J. Weber, Top-of-atmosphere radiative forcing affected by brown carbon in the upper troposphere, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo2960, 2017.


Brock, C.A., N.L. Wagner, B.E. Anderson, A.R. Attwood, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, A.G. Carlton, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, M. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, N.L. Ng, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, R.A. Washenfelder, A. Welti, L. Xu, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, Aerosol optical properties in the southeastern United States in summer - Part 1: Hygroscopic growth, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-16-4987-2016, 2016.

Brock, C.A., N.L. Wagner, B.E. Anderson, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, M. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, A. Welti, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, Aerosol optical properties in the southeastern United States in summer - Part 2: Sensitivity of aerosol optical depth to relative humidity and aerosol parameters, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5009-2016, 2016.

Coggon, M.M., P.R. Veres, B. Yuan, A. Koss, C. Warneke, J.B. Gilman, B. Lerner, J. Peischl, K. Aikin, C. Stockwell, L. Hatch, T.B. Ryerson, J.M. Roberts, R. Yokelson, and J. de Gouw, Emissions of nitrogen-containing organic compounds from the burning of herbaceous and arboraceous biomass: fuel composition dependence and the variability of commonly used nitrile tracers, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL070562, 2016.

de Boer, G., S. Palo, B. Argrow, G. LoDolce, J. Mack, R.-S. Gao, H. Telg, C. Trussel, J. Fromm, C.N. Long, G. Bland, J. Maslanik, B. Schmid, and T. Hock, The Pilatus unmanned aircraft system for lower atmospheric research, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1845-2016, 2016.

Doherty, S.J., D.A. Hegg, J.E. Johnson, P.K. Quinn, J.P. Schwarz, C. Dang, and S.G. Warren, Causes of variability in light absorption by particles in snow at sites in Idaho and Utah, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024375, 2016.

Gao, R.-S., T. Gierczak, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, J.B. Burkholder, H. Telg, C. Voigt, T. Peter, and D.W. Fahey, Persistent water–nitric acid condensate with saturation water vapor pressure greater than that of hexagonal ice, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.5b06357, 2016.

Gao, R.S., H. Telg, R.J. McLaughlin, S.J. Ciciora, L.A. Watts, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, M.Z. Markovic, T.S. Bates, J.E. Johnson, and D.W. Fahey, A light-weight, high-sensitivity particle spectrometer for PM2.5 aerosol measurements, Aerosol Science and Technology, doi:10.1080/02786826.2015.1131809, 2016.

He, C., Q. Li, K.-N. Liou, L. Qi, S. Tao, and J.P. Schwarz, Microphysics-based black carbon aging in a global CTM: constraints from HIPPO observations and implications for global black carbon budget, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-16-3077-2016, 2016.

Hernandez, M., A. Perring, K. McCabe, G. Kok, G. Granger, and D. Baumgardner, Composite catalogues of optical and fluorescence signatures distinguish bioaerosol classes, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3283-2016, 2016.

Jensen, E.J., R. Ueyama, L. Pfister, T.V. Bui, R.P. Lawson, S. Woods, T. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, G.S. Diskin, J.P. DiGangi, and M.A. Avery, On the susceptibility of cold tropical cirrus to ice nuclei abundance, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0274.1, 2016.

Kaufmann, S., C. Voigt, T. Jurkat, T. Thornberry, D. Fahey, R.-S. Gao, R. Schlage, D. Schäuble, and M. Zöger, The airborne mass spectrometer AIMS - Part 1: AIMS-H2O for UTLS water vapor measurements, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-939-2016, 2016.

Kremser, S., L.W. Thomason, M.v. Hobe, M. Hermann, T. Deshler, C. Timmreck, M.T.A. Stenke, J.P. Schwarz, R. Weigel, S. Fueglistaler, F.J. Prata, J.-P. Vernier, H. Schlager, J.E. Barnes, J.-C. Antuña-Marrero, D. Fairlie, M. Palm, E. Mahieu, J. Notholt, M. Rex, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, A. Bourassa, J.M.C. Plane, D. Klocke, S.A. Carn, L. Clarisse, Thomas Trickl, R. Neely, A.D. James, L. Rieger, J.C. Wilson, and B. Meland, Stratospheric aerosol-Observations, processes, and impact on climate, Reviews of Geophysics, doi:10.1002/2015RG000511, 2016.

Liu, X., Y. Zhang, G.L. Huey, R.J. Yokelson, Y. Wang, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, A.J. Beyersdorf, D.R. Blake, Y. Choi, J.M.S. Clair, J.D. Crounse, D.A. Day, G.S. Diskin, A. Fried, S.R. Hall, T.F. Hanisco, L.E. King, S. Meinardi, T. Mikoviny, B.B. Palm, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, T.B. Ryerson, G. Sachse, J.P. Schwarz, I.J. Simpson, D.J. Tanner, K.L. Thornhill, K. Ullmann, R.J. Weber, P.O. Wennberg, A. Wisthaler, G.M. Wolfe, and L.D. Ziemba, Agricultural fires in the southeastern U.S. during SEAC4RS: Emissions of trace gases and particles and evolution of ozone, reactive nitrogen, and organic aerosol, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025040, 2016.

Ohata, S., J.P. Schwarz, N. Moteki, M. Koike, A. Takami, and Y. Kondo, Hygroscopicity of materials internally mixed with black carbon measured in Tokyo, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015jd024153, 2016.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, L.A. Watts, T.F. Hanisco, E. Baumann, F.R. Giorgetta, T.P. Bui, D.W. Fahey, and R.S. Gao, A laser-induced fluorescence instrument for aircraft measurements of sulfur dioxide in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4601-2016, 2016.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.S. Gao, S. Woods, R.P. Lawson, T.P. Bui, E.J. Jensen, and D.W. Fahey, Observational constraints on the efficiency of dehydration mechanisms in the tropical tropopause layer, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL067972, 2016.

Shingler, T., A. Sorooshian, A. Ortega, E. Crosbie, A. Wonaschütz, A.E. Perring, A. Beyersdorf, L. Ziemba, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, T. Mikoviny, A. Wisthaler, and L.M. Russell, Ambient observations of hygroscopic growth factor and f(RH) below 1: Case studies from surface and airborne measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2016JD025471, 2016.

Shingler, T., C. Ewan, O. Amber, M. Shiraiwa, A. Zuend, A. Beyersdorf, L. Ziemba, B. Anderson, L. Thornhill, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campazano-Jost, D.A. Douglas, J.L. Jimenez, J.W. Hair, T. Mikoviny, A. Wisthaler, and A. Sorooshian, Airborne characterization of subsaturated aerosol hygroscopicity and dry refractive index from the surface to 6.5 km during the SEAC4RS campaign, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024498, 2016.

Stutz, J., B. Werner, M. Spolaor, L. Scalone, J. Festa, C. Tsai, R. Cheung, S.F. Colosimo, U. Tricoli, R. Raecke, R. Hossaini, M.P. Chipperfield, W. Feng, R.-S. Gao, E.J. Hintsa, J.W. Elkins, F.L. Moore, B. Daube, J. Pittman, S. Wofsy, and K. Pfeilsticker, A new Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy instrument to study atmospheric chemistry from a high-altitude unmanned aircraft, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-10-1017-2017, 2017.

Warneke, C., Trainer, M., de Gouw, J. A., Parrish, D. D., Fahey, D. W., Ravishankara, A. R., Middlebrook, A. M., Brock, C. A., Roberts, J. M., Brown, S. S., Neuman, J. A., Lerner, B. M., Lack, D., Law, D., Hübler, G., Pollack, I., Sjostedt, S., Ryerson, T. B., Gilman, J. B., Liao, J., Holloway, J., Peischl, J., Nowak, J. B., Aikin, K. C., Min, K.-E., Washenfelder, R. A., Graus, M. G., Richardson, M., Markovic, M. Z., Wagner, N. L., Welti, A., Veres, P. R., Edwards, P., Schwarz, J. P., Gordon, T., Dube, W. P., McKeen, S. A., Brioude, J., Ahmadov, R., Bougiatioti, A., Lin, J. J., Nenes, A., Wolfe, G. M., Hanisco, T. F., Lee, B. H., Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D., Thornton, J. A., Keutsch, F. N., Kaiser, J., Mao, J., and Hatch, C. D., Instrumentation and measurement strategy for the NOAA SENEX aircraft campaign as part of the Southeast Atmosphere Study 2013, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3063-2016, 2016.

Yu, P., D.M. Murphy, R.W. Portmann, O.B. Toon, K.D. Froyd, A.W. Rollins, R.-S. Gao, and K.H. Rosenlof, Radiative forcing from anthropogenic sulfur and organic emissions reaching the stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL070153, 2016.

Yu, P., O.B. Toon, C.G. Bardeen, A. Bucholtz, K.H. Rosenlof, P.E. Saide, A.D. Silva, L.D. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, J.-L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, K.D. Froyd, M.J. Mills, and J.S. Reid, Surface dimming by the 2013 Rim Fire simulated by a sectional aerosol model, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2015JD024702, 2016.


Evan, S., K. Rosenlof, T. Thornberry, D. Rollings, and S. Khaykin, TTL cooling and drying during the January 2013 stratospheric sudden warming, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi:10.1002/qj.2587, 2015.

Forrister, H., J. Liu, E. Scheuer, J. Dibb, L. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, B. Anderson, G. Diskin, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.-L. Jimenez, A. Nenes, and R.J. Weber, Evolution of brown carbon in wildfire plumes, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL063897, 2015.

Kim, P.S., D.J. Jacob, J.A. Fisher, K. Travis, K. Yu, L. Zhu, R.M. Yantosca, M.P. Sulprizio, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, K.D. Froyd, J. Liao, J.W. Hair, M.A. Fenn, C.F. Butler, N.L. Wagner, T.D. Gordon, A. Welti, P.O. Wennberg, J.D. Crounse, J.M.S. Clair, A.P. Teng, D.B. Millet, J.P. Schwarz, M.Z. Markovic, and A.E. Perring, Sources, seasonality, and trends of southeast US aerosol: an integrated analysis of surface, aircraft, and satellite observations with the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-10411-2015, 2015.

Kindel, B.C., P. Pilewskie, K.S. Schmidt, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, and T.V. Bui, Upper-troposphere and lower-stratosphere water vapor retrievals from the 1400 and 1900 nm water vapor bands, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1147-2015, 2015.

Liu, J., E. Scheuer, J. Dibb, G.S. Diskin, L.D. Ziemba, K.L. Thornhill, B.E. Anderson, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, J.J. Devi, M. Bergin, A.E. Perring, M.Z. Markovic, J.P. Schwarz, P. Campuzano-Jost, D.A. Day, J.L. Jimenez, and R.J. Weber, Brown carbon aerosol in the North American continental troposphere: sources, abundance, and radiative forcing, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7841-2015, 2015.

Meyer, J., C. Rolf, C. Schiller, S. Rohs, N. Spelten, A. Afchine, M. Zöger, N. Sitnikov, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, Z. Bozóki, D. Tátrai, V. Ebert, B. Kühnreich, P. Mackrodt, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, K. Rosenlof, and M. Krämer, Two decades of water vapor measurements with the FISH fluorescence hygrometer: a review, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-8521-2015, 2015.

Molina, L.T., L. Gallardo, M. Andrade, D. Baumgardner, M. Borbor-Cordova, R. Borquez, G. Casassa, F. Cereceda-Balic, L. Dawidowski, R. Garreaud, N. Huneeus, F. Lambert, J.L. McCarty, J. Mc Phee, M. Mena-Carrasco, G.B. Raga, C. Schmitt, and J.P. Schwarz, Pollution and its impacts on the South American cryosphere, Earth's Future, doi:10.1002/2015ef000311, 2015.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, D. Baumgardner, M. Hernandez, S. D.V, C.L. Heald, R.S. Gao, G. Kok, G.R. McMeeking, J. McQuaid, and D.W. Fahey, Airborne observations of regional variation in fluorescent aerosol across the United States, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2014JD022495, 2015.

Saide, P.E., D. Peterson, A. da Silva, B. Anderson, L.D. Ziemba, G. Diskin, G. Sachse, J. Hair, C. Butler, M. Fenn, J.L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, A. Perring, J. Schwarz, M.Z. Markovic, P. Russell, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, D.G. Streets, F. Yan, J. Dibb, R. Yokelson, O.B. Toon, E. Hyer, and G.R. Carmichael, Revealing important nocturnal and day-to-day variations in fire smoke emissions through a novel multiplatform inversion, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL063737, 2015.

Schmitt, C.G., J. All, J.P. Schwarz, W.P. Arnott, R.J. Cole, E. Lapham, and A. Celestian, Measurements of light absorbing particulates on the glaciers in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, The Cryosphere, doi:10.5194/tc-9-331-2015, 2015.

Schwarz, J.P., J.S. Holloway, J.M. Katich, S. McKeen, E. Kort, M.L. Smith, T.B. Ryerson, C. Sweeney, and J. Peischl, Black carbon emissions from the Bakken oil and gas development region, Environmental Science & Technology Letters, doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00225, 2015.

Schwarz, J.P., A.E. Perring, M.Z. Markovic, R.S. Gao, S. Ohata, J. Langridge, D. Law, R. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, Technique and theoretical approach for quantifying the hygroscopicity of black-carbon-containing aerosol using a single particle soot photometer, Journal of Aerosol Science, doi:10.1016/j.jaerosci.2014.11.009, 2015.

Thornberry, T.D., A.W. Rollins, R.S. Gao, L.A. Watts, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, A two-channel, tunable diode laser-based hygrometer for measurement of water vapor and cirrus cloud ice water content in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-8-211-2015, 2015.

Wagner, N.L., C.A. Brock, W.M. Angevine, A. Beyersdorf, P. Campuzano-Jost, D. Day, J.A. de Gouw, G.S. Diskin, T.D. Gordon, M.G. Graus, G. Huey, J.L. Jimenez, D.A. Lack, J. Liao, X. Liu, M.Z. Markovic, A.M. Middlebrook, T. Mikoviny, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, M.S. Richardson, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, C. Warneke, A. Welti, A. Wisthaler, L.D. Ziemba, and D.M. Murphy, In situ vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, mass, and composition over the southeast United States during SENEX and SEAC4RS: observations of a modest aerosol enhancement aloft, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7085-2015, 2015.

Wang, Q.Y., R.S. Gao, J.J. Cao, J.P. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, Z.X. Shen, T.F. Hu, P. Wang, X.B. Xu, and R.-J. Huang, Observations of high level of ozone at Qinghai Lake basin in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, doi:10.1007/s10874-015-9301-9, 2015.

Wang, S., J.A. Schmidt, S. Baidar, S. Coburn, B. Dix, T.K. Koenig, E.C. Apel, D. Bowdalo, T.L. Campos, E. Eloranta, M.J. Evans, J.P. diGangi, M.A. Zondlo, R.-S. Gao, J.A. Haggerty, S.R. Hall, R.S. Hornbrook, D.J. Jacob, B. Morley, B.R. Pierce, M. Reeves, P.A. Romashkin, A.t. Schure, and R. Volkamer, Active and widespread halogen chemistry in the tropical and subtropical free troposphere, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1505142112, 2015.


Fahey, D.W., R.-S. Gao, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, C. Schiller, V. Ebert, M. Krämer, T. Peter, N. Amarouche, L.M. Avallone, R. Bauer, Z. Bozóki, L.E. Christensen, S.M. Davis, G. Durry, C. Dyroff, R.L. Herman, S. Hunsmann, S.M. Khaykin, P. Mackrodt, J. Meyer, J.B. Smith, N. Spelten, R.F. Troy, H. Vömel, S. Wagner, and F.G. Wienhold, The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3177-2014, 2014.

Gao, R.-S., Karen Rosenlof, David Fahey, Paul Wennberg, Eric Hintsa, and T. Hanisco, OH in the tropical upper troposphere and its relationships to solar radiation and reactive nitrogen, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, doi:10.1007/s10874-014-9280-2, 2014.

Kaufmann, S., C. Voigt, P. Jeβberger, T. Jurkat, H. Schlager, A. Schwarzenboeck, M. Klingebiel, and T. Thornberry, In situ measurements of ice saturation in young contrails, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2013GL058276, 2014.

Lim, Y.-S., A.R.T. Nugraha, S.-J. Cho, M.-Y. Noh, E.-J. Yoon, H. Liu, J.-H. Kim, H. Telg, E.H. Hároz, G.D. Sanders, S.-H. Baik, H. Kataura, S.K. Doorn, C.J. Stanton, R. Saito, J. Kono, and T. Joo, Ultrafast Generation of Fundamental and Multiple-Order Phonon Excitations in Highly Enriched (6,5) Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Nano Letters, doi:10.1021/nl404536b, 2014.

Murphy, D.M., K.D. Froyd, J.P. Schwarz, and J.C. Wilson, Observations of the chemical composition of stratospheric aerosol particles, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi:10.1002/qj.2213, 2014.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.S. Gao, J.B. Smith, D.S. Sayres, M.R. Sargent, C. Schiller, M. Krämer, N. Spelten, D.F. Hurst, A.F. Jordan, E.G. Hall, H. Vömel, G.S. Diskin, J.R. Podolske, L.E. Christensen, K.H. Rosenlof, E.J. Jensen, and D.W. Fahey, Evaluation of UT/LS hygrometer accuracy by intercomparison during the NASA MACPEX mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2013JD020817, 2014.

Samset, B.H., G. Myhre, A. Herber, Y. Kondo, S.-M. Li, N. Moteki, M. Koike, N. Oshima, J.P. Schwarz, Y. Balkanski, S.E. Bauer, N. Bellouin, T.K. Berntsen, H. Bian, M. Chin, T. Diehl, R.C. Easter, S.J. Ghan, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, J.-F. Lamarque, G. Lin, X. Liu, J.E. Penner, M. Schulz, Ø. Seland, R.B. Skeie, P. Stier, T. Takemura, K. Tsigaridis, and K. Zhang, Modelled black carbon radiative forcing and atmospheric lifetime in AeroCom Phase II constrained by aircraft observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12465-2014, 2014.

Wang, Q., D.J. Jacob, J.R. Spackman, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, N. Moteki, E.A. Marais, C. Ge, J. Wang, and S.R.H. Barrett, Global budget and radiative forcing of black carbon aerosol: constraints from pole-to-pole (HIPPO) observations across the Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2013JD020824, 2014.

Wang, Q., J.P. Schwarz, J. Cao, R. Gao, D.W. Fahey, T. Hu, R. Huang, Y. Han, and Z. Shen, Black carbon aerosol characterization in a remote area of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China, Science of the Total Environment, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.098, 2014.

Wang, X., C.L. Heald, D.A. Ridley, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, A.E. Perring, H. Coe, D. Liu, and A.D. Clarke, Exploiting simultaneous observational constraints on mass and absorption to estimate the global direct radiative forcing of black carbon and brown carbon, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, doi:10.5194/acp-14-10989-2014, 2014.


Bertram, T.H., A.E. Perring, P.J. Wooldridge, J. Dibb, M.A. Avery, and R.C. Cohen, On the export of reactive nitrogen from Asia: NOx partitioning and effects on ozone, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 4617-4630, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4617-2013, 2013.

Bond, T.C., S.J. Doherty, D.W. Fahey, P.M. Forster, T. Berntsen, B.J. DeAngelo, M.G. Flanner, S. Ghan, B. Kärcher, D. Koch, S. Kinne, Y. Kondo, P.K. Quinn, M.C. Sarofim, M. Schulz, C. Venkataraman, H. Zhang, S. Zhang, N. Bellouin, S.K. Guttikunda, P.K. Hopke, M.Z. Jacobson, J.W. Kaiser, Z. Klimont, U. Lohmann, J.P. Schwarz, D. Shindell, T. Storelvmo, S.G. Warren, and C.S. Zender, Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(11), 5380-5552, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50171, 2013.

Brown, S.S., W.P. Dubé, R. Bahreini, A.M. Middlebrook, C.A. Brock, C. Warneke, J.A. deGouw, R.A. Washenfelder, E. Atlas, J. Peischl, T.B. Ryerson, J.S. Holloway, J.P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, M. Trainer, D.D. Parrish, F.C. Fehshenfeld, and A.R. Ravishankara, Biogenic VOC Oxidation and Organic Aerosol Formation in an Urban Nocturnal Boundary Layer: Aircraft Vertical Profiles in Houston, TX, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 11317-11337, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11317-2013, 2013.

Fahey, D.W., The Montreal Protocol Protection of Ozone and Climate, Theoretical Inquiries in Law, 14, 21-42, doi:10.1515/til-2013-004, 2013.

Gao, R.S., A.E. Perring, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, J.P. Schwarz, S.J. Ciciora, and D.W. Fahey, A high-sensitivity low-cost optical particle counter design, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(2), doi:10.1080/02786826.2012.733039, 2013.

Gao, R.S., T.D. Thornberry, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, Note: Compact, two-dimension translatable slit aperture, Review of Scientific Instruments, 84(11), doi:10.1063/1.4829619, 2013.

Kipling, Z., P. Stier, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, G.W. Mann, C.E. Johnson, and P.J. Telford, Constraints on aerosol processes in climate models from vertically-resolved aircraft observations of black carbon, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 5969-5986, doi:10.5194/acp-13-5969-2013, 2013.

Ohata, S., N. Moteki, J. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, and Y. Kondo, Evaluation of a method to measure black carbon particles suspended in rainwater and snow samples, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(10), 1073-1082, doi:10.1080/02786826.2013.824067, 2013.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, R.S. Gao, A.J. Heymsfeld, C.G. Schmitt, M. Schnaiter, and D.W. Fahey, Evaluation of a perpendicular inlet for airborne sampling of interstitial submicron black-carbon aerosol, Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(10), 1066-1072, doi:10.1080/02786826.2013.821196, 2013.

Schwarz, J.P., R.S. Gao, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, and D.W. Fahey, Black carbon aerosol size in snow, Nature Scientific Reports, 3(13563), doi:10.1038/srep01356, 2013.

Schwarz, J.P., B.H. Samset, A.E. Perring, J.R. Spackman, R.S. Gao, P. Stier, M. Schulz, F.L. Moore, E.A. Ray, and D.W. Fahey, Global-scale seasonally resolved black carbon vertical profiles over the Pacific, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 5542–5547, doi:10.1002/2013GL057775, 2013.

Thornberry, T.D., A.W. Rollins, R.S. Gao, L.A. Watts, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, C. Voigt, B. Hall, and D.W. Fahey, Measurement of low-ppm mixing ratios of water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere using chemical ionization mass spectrometry, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 1461-1475, doi:10.5194/amt-6-1461-2013, 2013.


Bahreini, R., A.M. Middlebrook, J.A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, M. Trainer, C.A. Brock, H. Stark, S.S. Brown, W.P. Dubé, J.B. Gilman, K. Hall, J.S. Holloway, W.C. Kuster, A.E. Perring, A.S.H. Prevot, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, S. Szidat, N.L. Wagner, R.J. Weber, P. Zotter, and D.D. Parrish, Gasoline emissions dominate over diesel in formation of secondary organic aerosol mass, Geophysical Research Letters, 39(L06805), doi:10.1029/2011GL050718, 2012.

Baumgardner, D., O.B. Popovicheva, J.D. Allan, V. Bernardoni, J. Cao, F. Cavalli, J. Cozic, E. Diapouli, K. Eleftheriadis, P.J. Genberg, C. Gonzalez, M. Gysel, A. John, T. Kirschstetter, T.A.J. Kuhlbusch, M. Laborde, D.A. Lack, T. Müller, R. Niessner, A. Petzold, A. Piazzalunga, J.P. Putaud, M. Rossi, J.P. Schwarz, P. Sheridan, E. Wietlicki, G. Valli, R. Vecchi, and M. Viana, Soot reference materials for instrument calibration and intercomparisons: A workshop summary with recommendations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(8), 1869-1887, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1869-2012, 2012.

Cooper, O.R., R.-S. Gao, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, and C. Sweeney, Long-term ozone trends at rural ozone monitoring sites across the United States, 1990-2010, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D22307), doi:10.1029/2012JD018261, 2012.

Fan, S.-M., J.P. Schwarz, J. Liu, D.W. Fahey, P. Ginoux, L.W. Horowitz, H. Levy II, Y. Ming, and J.R. Spackman, Inferring ice formation processes from global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D23205), doi:10.1029/2012JD018126, 2012.

Gao, R.S., J. Ballard, L.A. Watts, T.D. Thornberry, S.J. Ciciora, R.J. McLaughlin, and D.W. Fahey, A compact, fast UV photometer for measurement of ozone from research aircraft, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(3), 2201-2210, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2201-2012, 2012.

Jensen, E.J., G. Diskin, R.P. Lawson, S. Lance, T.P. Bui, D. Hlavka, M. McGill, L. Pfister, O.B. Toon, and R. Gao, Ice nucleation and dehydration in the Tropical Tropopause Layer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1217104110, 2012.

Laborde, M., M. Schnaiter, C. Linke, H. Saathoff, K.-H. Naumann, O. Möhler, S. Berlenz, U. Wagner, J.W. Taylor, D. Liu, M. Flynn, J.D. Allan, H. Coe, K. Heimerl, F. Dahlkötter, B. Weinzierl, A.G. Wollny, M. Zanatta, J. Cozic, P. Laj, R. Hitzenberger, J.P. Schwarz, and M. Gysel, Single particle soot photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5, 3077-3097, doi:10.5194/amt-5-3077-2012, 2012.

Lack, D.A., J.M. Langridge, R. Bahreini, C.D. Cappa, A.M. Middlebrook, and J.P. Schwarz, Brown carbon and internal mixing in biomass burning particles, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(37), 14717-14718, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206575109, 2012.

Langridge, J.M., D. Lack, C.A. Brock, R. Bahreini, A.M. Middlebrook, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, J.S. Holloway, I.B. Pollack, T.B. Ryerson, J.M. Roberts, C. Warneke, J.A. de Gouw, M.K. Trainer, and D.M. Murphy, Evolution of aerosol properties impacting visibility and direct climate forcing in an ammonia-rich urban environment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D00V11), doi:10.1029/2011JD017116, 2012.

Mann, G.W., K.S. Carslaw, D.A. Ridley, D.V. Spracklen, K.J. Pringle, J. Merikanto, H. Korhonen, J.P. Schwarz, L.A. Lee, P.T. Manktelow, M.T. Woodhouse, A. Schmidt, T.J. Breider, K.M. Emmerson, C.L. Reddington, M.P. Chipperfield, and S.J. Pickering, Intercomparison of modal and sectional aerosol microphysics representations within the same 3-D global chemical transport model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4449-4476, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4449-2012, 2012.

Middlebrook, A.M., D.M. Murphy, R. Ahmadov, E.L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D.R. Blake, J. Brioude, J.A. de Gouw, F.C. Fehsenfeld, G.J. Frost, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, J.M. Langridge, R.A. Lueb, S.A. McKeen, J.F. Meagher, S. Meinardi, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, D.D. Parrish, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, J.M. Roberts, T.B. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, C. Warneke, and A.R. Ravishankara, Air quality implications of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 109(50), 20280-20285, doi:10.1073/pnas.1110052108, 2012.

Moore, R.H., T. Raatikainen, J.M. Langridge, R. Bahreini, C.A. Brock, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, A.M. Middlebrook, A.E. Perring, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, and A. Nenes, CCN spectra, hygroscopicity, and droplet activation kinetics of secondary organic aerosol resulting from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 3093-3100, doi:10.1021/es203362w, 2012.

Peischl, J., T.B. Ryerson, J.S. Holloway, M. Trainer, A.E. Andrews, E.L. Atlas, D.R. Blake, B.C. Daube, E.J. Dlugokencky, M.L. Fischer, A.H. Goldstein, A. Guha, T. Karl, J. Kofler, E. Kosciuch, P.K. Misztal, A.E. Perring, I.B. Pollack, G.W. Santoni, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, S.C. Wofsy, and D.D. Parrish, Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D24), doi:10.1029/2012JD017994, 2012, 2012.

Pollack, I.B., T.B. Ryerson, M. Trainer, D.D. Parrish, A.E. Andrews, E.L. Atlas, D.R. Blake, S.S. Brown, R. Commane, B.C. Daube, J.A. de Gouw, W.P. Dubé, J. Flynn, G.J. Frost, J.B. Gilman, N. Grossberg, J.S. Holloway, J. Kofler, E.A. Kort, W.C. Kuster, P.M. Lang, B. Lefer, R.A. Lueb, J.A. Neuman, J.B. Nowak, P.C. Novelli, J. Peischl, A.E. Perring, J.M. Roberts, G. Santoni, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, N.L. Wagner, C. Warneke, R.A. Washenfelder, S.C. Wofsy, and B. Xiang, Airborne and ground-based observations of a weekend effect in ozone, precursors, and oxidation products in the California South Coast Air Basin, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D00V05), doi:10.1029/2011JD016772, 2012.

Rollins, A.W., E.C. Browne, K.-E. Min, S.E. Pusede, P.J. Wooldridge, D.R. Gentner, A.H. Goldstein, S. Liu, D.A. Day, L.M. Russell, and R.C. Cohen, Evidence for NOx control over nighttime SOA formation, Science, 337(6099), 1210-1212, doi:10.1126/science.1221520, 2012.

Schwarz, J.P., S.J. Doherty, F. Li, S.T. Ruggiero, C.E. Tanner, A.E. Perring, R.S. Gao, and D.W. Fahey, Assessing single particle soot photometer and integrating sphere/integrating sandwich spectrophotometer measurement techniques for quantifying black carbon concentration in snow, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(10), 2581-2592, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2581-2012, 2012.

Velders, G.J.M., A.R. Ravishankara, M.K. Miller, M.J. Molina, J. Alcamo, J.S. Daniel, D.W. Fahey, S.A. Montzka, and S. Reimann, Preserving Montreal Protocol climate benefits by limiting HFCs, Science, 335, 922-923, doi:10.1126/science.1216414, 2012.

Weigum, N.M., P. Stier, J.P. Schwarz, D.W. Fahey, and J.R. Spackman, Scales of variability of black carbon plumes over the Pacific Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 39(L15804), doi:10.1029/2012GL052127, 2012.


Aquila, V., J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, N. Riemer, H. Vogel, D. Baumgardner, A. Minikin, A. Petzold, J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, B. Weinzierl, M. Righi, and M. Dall'Amico, MADE-in: A new aerosol microphysics submodel for global simulation of insoluble particles and their mixing state, Geoscientific Model Development, 4(2), 325-355, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-325-2011, 2011.

Brock, C. A., J. Cozic, R. Bahreini, K. D. Froyd, A. M. Middlebrook, A. McComiskey, J. Brioude, O. R. Cooper, A. Stohl, K. C. Aikin, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, R. A. Ferrare, R.-S. Gao, W. Gore, J. S. Holloway, G. Hübler, A. Jefferson, D. A. Lack, S. Lance, R. H. Moore, D. M. Murphy, A. Nenes, P. C. Novelli, J. B. Nowak, J.A. Ogren, J. Peischl, R. B. Pierce, P. Pilewskie, P. K. Quinn, T. B. Ryerson, K. S. Schmidt, J. P. Schwarz, H. Sodemann, J. R. Spackman, H. Stark, D. S. Thomson, T. Thornberry, P. Veres, L. A. Watts, C. Warneke, and A. G. Wollny, Characteristics, sources, and transport of aerosols measured in spring 2008 during the aerosol, radiation, and cloud processes affecting Arctic Climate (ARCPAC) Project, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(6), 2423-2453, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2423-2011, 2011.

Browne, E.C., A.E. Perring, P.J. .Wooldridge, E. Apel, S.R. Hall, L.G. Huey, J. Mao, K.M. Spencer, J.M.S. Clair, A.J. Weinheimer, A. Wisthaler, and R.C. Cohen, Global and regional effects of the photochemistry of CH3O2NO2: evidence from ARCTAS, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(9), 4209-4219, doi:10.5194/acp-11-4209-2011, 2011.

de Gouw, J. A., A. M. Middlebrook, C. Warneke, R. Ahmadov, E. L. Atlas, R. Bahreini, D. R. Blake, C. A. Brock, J. Brioude, D. W. Fahey, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. S. Holloway, M. L. Henaff, R. A. Lueb, S. A. McKeen, J. F. Meagher, D. M. Murphy, C. Paris, D. D. Parrish, A. E. Perring, I. B. Pollack, A. R. Ravishankara, A. L. Robinson, T. B. Ryerson, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, A. Srinivasan, and L. A. Watts, Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spil, Science, 331, 1295-1299, doi:10.1126/science.1200320, 2011.

Homeyer, C. R., K. P. Bowman, L. L. Pan, E. L. Atlas, R.-S. Gao, and T. L. Campos, Dynamical and chemical characteristics of tropospheric intrusions observed during START08, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D06111), doi:10.1029/2010JD015098, 2011.

Hovde, S.J., A.F. Tuck, S. Lovejoy, and D. Schertzer, Vertical scaling of temperature, wind and humidity fluctuations: Dropsondes from 13 km to the surface of the Pacific Ocean, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(20), doi:10.1080/01431161.2011.602652, 2011.

Huang, X.-F., R.-S. Gao, J. P. Schwarz, L.-Y. He, D. W. Fahey, L. A. Watts, A. McComiskey, O. R. Cooper, T.-L. Sun, L.-W. Zeng, M. Hu, and Y.-H. Zhang, Black carbon measurements in the Pearl River Delta region of China, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D12208), doi:10.1029/2010JD014933, 2011.

Lack, D., C.D. Cappa, J. Langridge, R. Bahreini, G. Buffaloe, C. Brock, K. Cerully, D. Coffman, K. Hayden, J. Holloway, B. Lerner, P. Massoli, S.-M. Li, R. McLaren, A.M. Middlebrook, R. Moore, A. Nenes, I. Nuaaman, T.B. Onasch, J. Peischl, A. Perring, P.K. Quinn, T. Ryerson, J.P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, S.C. Wofsy, D. Worsnop, B. Xiang, and E. Williams, Impact of fuel quality regulation and speed reductions on shipping emissions: Implications for climate and air quality, Environmental Science and Technology, 45(20), 9052-9060, doi:10.1021/es2013424, 2011.

Lance, S., M. D. Shupe, G. Feingold, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. S. Holloway, R. H. Moore, A. Nenes, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, K. D. Froyd, D. M. Murphy, J. Brioude, O.R. Cooper, A. Stohl, and J. F. Burkhart, Cloud condensation nuclei as a modulator of ice processes in Arctic mixed-phase clouds, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(16), 8003-8015, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8003-2011, 2011.

McNaughton, C. S., A. D. Clarke, S. Freitag, V. N. Kapustin, Y. Kondo, N. Moteki, N. Takegawa, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, L. Watts, G. Diskin, J. Podolske, J. S. Holloway, A. Wisthaler, T. Mikoviny, J. de Gouw, C. Warneke, J. Jimenez, M. Cubison, S. G. Howell, A. Middlebrook, R. Bahreini, B. E. Anderson, E. Winstead, K. L. Thornhill, D. Lack, J. Cozic, and C. A. Brock, Absorbing aerosol in the troposphere of the Western Arctic during the 2008 ARCTAS/ARCPAC airborne field campaigns, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(15), 7561-7582, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7561-2011, 2011.

Perring, A.E., J.P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, R. Bahreini, J.A. de Gouw, R.S. Gao, J.S. Holloway, D.A. Lack, J.M. Langridge, J. Peischl, A. Middlebrook, T.B. Ryerson, C. Warneke, L.A. Watts, and D.W. Fahey, Characteristics of black carbon aerosol from a surface oil burn during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L17809), doi:10.1029/2011GL048356, 2011.

Rollins, A.W., T.D. Thornberry, R.-S. Gao, B.D. Hall, and D.W. Fahey, Catalytic oxidation of H2 on platinum: A method for in situ calibration of hygrometers, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(10), 2059-2064, doi:10.5194/amt-4-2059-2011, 2011.

Russell, A.R., A.E. Perring, L.C. Valin, E.J. Bucsela, E.C. Browne, K.-E. Min, P.J. Wooldridge, and R.C. Cohen, A high spatial resolution retrieval of NO2 column densities from OMI: Method and evaluation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(16), 8543-8554, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8543-2011, 2011.

Ryerson, T. B., K. C. Aikin, W. M. Angevine, E. L. Atlas, D. R. Blake, C.A. Brock, F. C. Fehsenfeld, R.-S. Gao, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, D. A. Lack, R. A. Lueb, S. Meinardi, A. M. Middlebrook, D. M. Murphy, J. A. Neuman, J. B. Nowak, D. D. Parrish, J. Peischl, A. E. Perring, I. B. Pollack, A. R. Ravishankara, J. M. Roberts, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, H. Stark, C. Warneke, and L. A. Watts, Atmospheric emissions from the Deepwater Horizon spill constrain air-water partitioning, hydrocarbon fate, and leak rate, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L07803), doi:10.1029/2011GL046726, 2011.

Spackman, J. R., R.-S. Gao, M. J. Schwartz, L. A. Watts, D. Fahey, G. Pfister, and T. P. Bui, Seasonal variability of black carbon mass in the tropical tropopause layer, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L09803), doi:10.1029/2010GL046343, 2011.

Stith, J.L., C.H. Twohy, P.J. DeMott, D. Baumgardner, T. Campos, R. Gao, and J. Anderson, Observations of ice nuclei and heterogeneous freezing in a Western Pacific extratropical storm, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(13), 6229-6243, doi:10.5194/acp-11-6229-2011, 2011.

Thornberry, T., T. Gierczak, R.S. Gao, H. Vömel, L.A. Watts, J.B. Burkholder, and D.W. Fahey, Laboratory evaluation of the effect of nitric acid uptake on frost point hygrometer performance, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(2), 289-296, doi:10.5194/amt-4-289-2011, 2011.

Voigt, C., U. Schumann, P. Jessberger, T. Jurkat, A. Petzold, J.-F. Gayet, M. Krämer, T. Thornberry, and D.W. Fahey, Extinction and optical depth of contrails, Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L11806), doi:10.1029/2011GL047189, 2011.


Cooper, O. R., D. D. Parrish, A. Stohl, M. Trainer, P. Nédélec, V. Thouret, J. P. Cammas, S. J. Oltmans, B. J. Johnson, D. Tarasick, T. Leblanc, I. S. McDermid, D. Jaffe, R. S. Gao, J. Stith, T. B. Ryerson, K. C. Aikin, T. Campos, A. Weinheimer and M. A. Avery, Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America, Nature, 463(7279), 344-348, 10.1038/nature08708, 2010.

Cross, E.S., T.B. Onasch, A. Ahern, W. Wrobel, J.G. Slowik, J. Olfert, D.A. Lack, P. Massoli, C.D. Cappa, J. Schwarz, R. Spackman, D.W. Fahey, A. Sedlacek, A. Trimborn, J.T. Jayne, A. Freedman, L.R. Williams, N.L. Ng, C. Mazzoleni, M. Dubey, B. Brem, G. Kok, R. Subramanian, S. Freitag, A. Clarke, D. Thornhill, L. Marr, C.E. Kolb, D.R. Worsnop, and P. Davidovits, Soot Particle Studies – Instrument Inter-Comparison – Project Overview, Aerosol Science and Technology, 44(8), 10.1080/02786826.2010.482113, 2010.

Montzka, S. A., L. Kuijpers, M. O. Battle, M. Aydin, K. R. Verhulst, E. S. Saltzman and D. W. Fahey, Recent increases in global HFC-23 emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(2), L02808, 10.1029/2009GL041195, 2010.

Park, S., E.L. Atlas, R. Jiménez, B.C. Daube, E.W. Gottlieb, J. Nan, D.B.A. Jones, L. Pfister, T.J. Conway, T.P. Bui, R.-S. Gao, and S.C. Wofsy, Vertical transport rates and concentrations of OH and Cl radicals in the Tropical Tropopause Layer from Observations of CO2 and halocarbons: Implications for distributions of long- and short-lived chemical species, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 6669-6684, 10.5194/acp-10-6669-2010, 2010.

Salawitch, R. J., T. Canty, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, Q. Liang, A. da Silva, S. Pawson, J. E. Nielsen, J. M. Rodriguez, P. K. Bhartia, X. Liu, L. G. Huey, J. Liao, R. E. Stickel, D. J. Tanner, J. E. Dibb, W. R. Simpson, D. Donohoue, A. Weinheimer, F. Flocke, D. Knapp, D. Montzka, J. A. Neuman, J. B. Nowak, T. B. Ryerson, S. J. Oltmans, D. R. Blake, E. L. Atlas, D. E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, L. L. Pan, F. Hendrick, M. Van Roozendael, K. Kreher, P. V. Johnston, R. S. Gao, B. Johnson, T. P. Bui, G. Chen, R. B. Pierce, J. H. Crawford and D. J. Jacob, A new interpretation of total column BrO during Arctic spring, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(L21805) 10.1029/2010GL043798, 2010.

Schwarz, J. P., J. R. Spackman, R. S. Gao, A. E. Perring, E. S. Cross, T.B. Onasch, A. Ahern, W. Wrobel, P. Davidovits, J. Olfert, M. K. Dubey, C. Mazzolini, and D. W. Fahey, The Detection Efficiency of the Single Particle Soot Photometer, Aerosol Science and Technology, 44(8), 612-628, 10.1080/02786826.2010.481298, 2010.

Schwarz, J. P., J. R. Spackman, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, P. Stier, M. Schulz, S. M. Davis, S. C. Wofsy, and D. W. Fahey, Global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and compared to models, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(L18812), 10.1029/2010GL044372, 2010.

Spackman, J. R., R. S. Gao, W. D. Neff, J. P. Schwarz, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, and C. A. Brock, Aircraft observations of enhancement and depletion of black carbon mass in the springtime Arctic, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 9667-9680, 10.5194/acp-10-9667-2010, 2010.

Thornberry, T., K.D. Froyd, D.M. Murphy, D. S. Thomson, B. E. Anderson, K. L. Thornhill, and E. L. Winstead, Persistence of organic carbon in heated aerosol residuals measured during Tropical Composition Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4), Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D00J02), 10.1029/2009JD012721, 2010.

Tilmes, S., L. L. Pan, P. Hoor, E. Atlas, M. A. Avery, T. Campos, L. E. Christensen, G. S. Diskin, R. S. Gao, R. L. Herman, E. Hintsa, M. Loewenstein, J. Lopez, M. E. Paige, J. V. Pittman, J. R. Podolske, M. R. Proffitt, G. W. Sachse, C. Schiller, H. Schlager, J. Smith, N. Spelten, C. Webster, A. Weinheimer and M. A. Zondlo, An aircraft-based upper troposphere lower stratosphere O3, CO, and H2O climatology for the Northern Hemisphere., Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D14303), 1-16, 10.1029/2009JD012731, 2010.

Warneke, C., K. D. Froyd, J. Brioude, R. Bahreini, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, R. Ferrare, J. S. Holloway, A. M. Middlebrook, L. Miller, S. A. Montzka, J. P. Schwarz, H. Sodemann, R. Spackman and A. Stohl, An important contribution to springtime Arctic aerosol from biomass burning in Russia, Geophysical Research Letters, 37(1), L01801, 10.1029/2009GL041816, 2010.

Wofsy, S., B. C. Daube, R. Jimenez, E. Kort, J.V. Pittman, S. Park, R. Commane, B. Xiang, G. Santoni, D. Jacob, J. Fisher, C. Pickett-Heaps, H. Wang, K. Wecht, Q.-Q. Wang, B. B. Stephens, S. Shertz, P. Romashkin, T. Campos, J. Haggerty, W. A. Cooper, D. Rogers, S. Beaton, R. Hendershot, J. W. Elkins, D.W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, F. Moore, S.A. Montzka, J.P. Schwarz, D. Hurst, B. Miller, C. Sweeney, S. Oltmans, D. Nance, E. Hintsa, G. Dutton, L.A. Watts, J.R. Spackman, K.H. Rosenlof, E.A. Ray, M.A. Zondlo, M. Diao, R. Keeling, J. Bent, E.L. Atlas, R. Lueb, M.J. Mahoney, M. Chahine, E. Olson, P. Patra, K. Ishijima, R. Engelen, J. Flemming, R. Nassar, D.B.A. Jones, and S.E.M. Fletcher, HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO): Fine-grained, global scale measurements of climatically important atmospheric gases and aerosols, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 369(1943), 2073-2086 doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.031, 2010.


Cooper, O. R., S. Eckhardt, J. H. Crawford, C. C. Brown, R. C. Cohen, T. H. Bertram, P. Wooldridge, A. Perring, W. H. Brune, X. Ren, D. Brunner and S. L. Baughcum, Summertime buildup and decay of lightning NOx and aged thunderstorm outflow above North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D01101), doi:10.1029/2008JD010293, 2009.

Kärcher, B., J.P.D. Abbatt, R.A. Cox, P.J. Popp, and C. Voigt, Trapping of trace gases by growing ice surfaces including surface‐saturated adsorption, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D13306), doi:10.1029/2009JD011857, 2009.

Koch, D., M. Schulz, S. Kinne, T.C. Bond, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, A. Clarke, N.D. Luca, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, O. Dubovik, R. Easter, D.W. Fahey, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Freitag, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, L. Horowitz, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, z. Klimont, Y. Kondo, M. Krol, X. Liu, C. McNaughton, R. Miller, V. Montanaro, N. Moteki, G. Myhre, J.E. Penner, J. Perlwitz, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, L. Sahu, H. Sakamoto, G. Schuster, J.P. Schwarz, Ø. Seland, J.R. Spackman, P. Stier, N. Takegawa, T. Takemura, C. Textor, J.A. van Aardenne, and Y. Zhao, Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9001-9026, doi:10.5194/acp-10-79-2010, 2009.

Lee, D. S., D. W. Fahey, P. M. Forster, P.J. Newton, R. C. N. Wit, L. L. Lim, B. Owen and R. Sausen, Aviation and global climate change in the 21st century, Atmospheric Environment, 43(22-23), 3520-3537, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.024, 2009.

McKeen, S. A., G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, J. M. Wilczak, I. Djalalova, E. Y. Hsie, G. J. Frost, J. Peischl, J. P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, A. M. Middlebrook, J. S. Holloway, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, S. Gadreault, J. Racine, J. McHenry, J. McQueen, P. Lee, Y. Tang, G. Carmichael and R. Mathur, An evaluation of real-time air quality forecasts and their urban emissions over eastern Texas during the summer of 2006 Second Texas Air Quality Study field study, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D00F11), doi:10.1029/2008JD011697, 2009.

Myhre, G., T. F. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C.R. Hoyle, T. K. Bernsten, S. A. Christopher, D. W. Fahey, I. S. A. Isaksen, T. A. Jones, R. A. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, J. P. Schwarz and K. E. Yttri, Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect using a multi-observation evaluation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(4), 1365-1392, doi:10.5194/acp-9-1365-2009, 2009.

Pittman, J. V., L. L. Pan, J. C. Wei, F. W. Irion, X. Liu, E. S. Maddy, C. D. Barnet, K. Chance, and R.-S. Gao, Evaluation of AIRS, IASI, and OMI ozone profile retrievals in the extratropical tropopause region using in situ aircraft measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D24109), doi:10.1029/2009JD012493, 2009.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, E. C. Richard, S. J. Oltmans, M. L. Santee, N. J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, B. Sen, G. C. Toon, K. A. Walker, C. D. Boone and P. F. Bernath, Stratospheric correlation between nitric acid and ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D03305), doi:10.1029/2008JD010875, 2009.

Schwarz, J. P., H. Stark, J. R. Spackman, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, W. H. Swartz, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, and D. W. Fahey, Heating rates and surface dimming due to black carbon aerosol asorption associated with a major U.S. city, Geophysical Research Letters, 36(L15807), doi:10.1029/2009GL039213, 2009.

Stith, J., V. Ramanathan, W. A. Cooper, G. Roberts, P. J. DeMott, G. Carmichael, C.D. Hatch, B. Adhikary, C. H. Twohy, D. C. Rogers, D. Baumgardner, A. J. Prenni, T. Campos, R. S. Gao, J. Anderson and Y. Feng, An overview of aircraft observations from the Pacific Dust Experiment campaign, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(D05207), doi:10.1029/2008JD010924, 2009.

Thornberry, T., D. M. Murphy, D. S. Thomson, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, T. S. Bates, P. K. Quinn and D. Coffman, Measurement of Aerosol Organic Compounds Using a Novel Collection/Thermal-Desorption PTR-ITMS Instrument, Aerosol Science and Technology, 43(5), 486-501, doi:10.1080/02786820902763132, 2009.

Velders, G. J. M., D. W. Fahey, J. S. Daniel, M. McFarland and S. O. Andersen, The large contribution of projected HFC emissions to future climate forcing, Proceedings of the National Acedemy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(27), 10949-10954, doi:10.1073/pnas.0902817106, 2009.

Warneke, C., R. Bahreini, J. Brioude, C. A. Brock, J. A. de Gouw, D. W. Fahey, K. D. Froyd, J. S. Holloway, A. M. Middlebrook, L. Miller, S. A. Montzka, D. M. Murphy, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, J. P. Schwarz, R. Spackman and P. Veres, >Biomass burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source for haze over the Alaskan Arctic in April 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 36(2), L02813-L02813, doi:10.1029/2008GL036194, 2009.

Watts, L. A., S. Ciciora, T. Thornberry, D. Fahey, and R. Gao, Monitoring Atmospheric Ozone on the Global Hawk Unmanned Aeronautical Vehicle with NI CompactRIO, National Instruments, 2009.


Fahey, D. W., A. R. Douglass, V. Ramaswamy and A.-M. Schmoltner, Chapter 4 - How Do Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Loss Interact?, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A.R. Ravishankara, M. J. Kurylo and C. A. Ennis, pp. 111-132, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Froidevaux, L., Y. B. Jiang, A. Lambert, N. J. Livesey, W. G. Read, J. W. Waters, R. A. Fuller, T. P. Marcy, P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, K. W. Jucks, R. A. Stachnik, G. C. Toon, L. E. Christensen, C. R. Webster, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, H. C. Pumphrey, R. S. Harwood, G. L. Manney, M. J. Schwartz, W. H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, R. F. Jarnot, B. W. Knosp, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans and P.A. Wagner, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HCl measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, (D15S25), doi:10.1029/2007JD009025, 2008.

Fuchs, H., W.P. Dubé, S. J. Ciciora and S. S. Brown, Determination of Inlet Transmission and Conversion Efficiencies for in Situ Measurements of the Nocturnal Nitrogen Oxides, NO3, N2O5 and NO2, via Pulsed Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy, Analytical Chemistry, 80(15), 6010-6017, doi:10.1021/ac8007253, 2008.

Gao, R. S., S.R. Hall, W.H. Swartz, J. P. Schwarz, J.R. Spackman, L. A. Watts, D. W. Fahey, K. C. Aikin, R. E. Shetter and T. P. Bui, Calculations of solar shortwave heating rates due to black carbon and ozone absorption using in situ measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D14203), doi:10.1029/2007JD009358, 2008.

Gensch, I. V., H. Bunz, D. G. Baumgardner, L. E. Christensen, D. W. Fahey, R. L. Herman, P. J. Popp, J. B. Smith, R. F. Troy, C. R. Webster, E. M. Weinstock, J. C. Wilson, T. Peter and M. Krämer, Supersaturations, microphysics and nitric acid partitioning in a cold cirrus cloud observed during CR-AVE 2006: an observation-modelling intercomparison study, Environmental Research Letters, 3(035003), doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/3/035003, 2008.

Kinnison, D. E., J. Gille, J. Barnett, C. Randall, V.L. Harvey, A. Lambert, R. Khosravi, M. J. Alexander, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, C. Cavanaugh, M. Coffey, C. Craig, V. C. Dean, T. Eden, D. Ellis, D. W. Fahey, G. Francis, C. Halvorson, J. Hannigan, C. Hartsough, C. Hepplewhite, C. Krinsky, H. Lee, B. Mankin, T. P. Marcy, S. Massie, B. Nardi, D. Packman, P. J. Popp, M. L. Santee, V. Yudin and K. A. Walker, Global observations of HNO3 from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS): First results, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D16S44), doi:10.1029/2007JD008814, 2008.

Livesey, N. J., M. J. Filipiak, L. Froidevaux, W. G. Read, A. Lambert, M. L. Santee, J. H. Jiang, H.C. Pumphrey, J. W. Waters, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, W. H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, R. A. Fuller, R. F. Jarnot, Y. B. Jiang, B. W. Knosp, Q. B. Li, V. S. Perun, M. J. Schwartz, W. V. Snyder, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, P. A. Wagner, M. Avery, E. V. Browell, J.-P. Cammas, L. E. Christensen, G.S. Diskin, R. S. Gao, H.-J. Jost, M. Loewenstein, J. D. Lopez, P. Nédélec, G. B. Osterman, G. W. Sachse and C. R. Webster, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder O3 and CO observations in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D15S02), doi:10.1029/2007JD008805, 2008.

Papadimitriou, V.C., R. W. Portmann, D. W. Fahey, J. Mühle, R. F. Weiss and J. B. Burkholder, >Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Warming Potential of SO2F2, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 112(49), 12657-12666, doi:10.1021/jp806368u, 2008.

Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, R. Bevilacqua, J. Cohen, J. S. Daniel, A. R. Douglass, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, T. Keating, M. Ko, S. A. Montzka, P. A. Newman, V. Ramaswamy, A.-M. Schmoltner, R. Stolarski and K. Vick, Executive Summary, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A.R. Ravishankara, M.J. Kurylo and C.A. Ennis, pp. 15-22, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, S. A. Montzka, M. Ko, P. A. Newman and R. Stolarski, Chapter 6 - Implication for the United States, in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure, edited by A. R. Ravishankara, M.J. Kurylo and C.A. Ennis, pp. 155-166, Dept. of Commerce, NOAA's National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 2008.

Spackman, J. R., J. P. Schwarz, R. S. Gao, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Holloway, J. A. de Gouw, M. Trainer and T. B. Ryerson, Empirical correlations between black carbon aerosol and carbon monoxide in the lower and middle troposphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L19816), doi:10.1029/2008GL035237, 2008.

Schwarz, J. P., R. S. Gao, J. R. Spackman, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. W. Fahey, T. B. Ryerson, J. Peischl, J. S. Holloway, M. Trainer, G. J. Frost, T. Baynard, D. A. Lack, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke and L.A. Del Negro, Measurement of the mixing state, mass, and optical size of individual black carbon particles in urban and biomass burning emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L13810), doi:10.1029/2008GL033968, 2008.

Schwarz, J. P., J.R. Spackman, D. W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, U. Lohmann, P. Stier, L. A. Watts, D. S. Thomson, D. A. Lack, L. Pfister, M. J. Mahoney, D. Baumgardner, J. C. Wilson and J. M. Reeves, Coatings and their enhancement of black carbon light absorption in the tropical atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D03203), doi:10.1029/2007JD009042, 2008.

Wilson, J.C., S.-H. Lee, J.M. Reeves, C. A. Brock, H.H. Jonsson, B.G. Lafleur, M. Loewenstein, J. Podolske, E. Atlas, K. Boering, G. Toon, D. W. Fahey, T. P. Bui, G. Diskin and F. Moore, Steady-state aerosol distributions in the extra-tropical, lower stratosphere and the processes that maintain them, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(22), 6617-6626, doi:10.5194/acp-8-6617-2008, 2008.


Baynard, T., E. R. Lovejoy, A. Pettersson, S. S. Brown, D. A. Lack, H. D. Osthoff, P. Massoli, S. J. Ciciora, W. P. Dubé and A. R. Ravishankara, Design and Application of a Pulsed Cavity Ring-Down Aerosol Extinction Spectrometer for Field Measurements, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(4), 447-462, doi:10.1080/02786820701222801, 2007.

Bowman, K. P., L. L. Pan, T. Campos and R. S. Gao, Observations of fine-scale transport structure in the upper troposphere from the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D18111), doi:10.1029/2007JD008685, 2007.

Gao, R. S., J. P. Schwarz, K. K. Kelly, D. W. Fahey, L. A. Watts, T. L. Thompson, J. R. Spackman, J. G. Slowik, E. S. Cross, J.-H. Han, P. Davidovits, T. B. Onasch and D. R. Worsnop, A Novel Method for Estimating Light-Scattering Properties of Soot Aerosols Using a Modified Single-Particle Soot Photometer, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(2), 125-135, doi:10.1080/02786820601118398, 2007.

Hudman, R. C., D. J. Jacob, S. Turquety, E. M. Leibensperger, L. T. Murray, S. Wu, A. B. Gilliland, M. Avery, T.H. Bertram, W. Brune, R. C. Cohen, J. E. Dibb, F. M. Flocke, A. Fried, J. S. Holloway, J. A. Neuman, R. Orville, A. Perring, X. Ren, G. W. Sachse, H. B. Singh, A. Swanson and P. J. Wooldridge, Surface and lightning sources of nitrogen oxides over the United States: Magnitudes, chemical evolution, and outflow, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D12S05), doi:10.1029/2006JD007912, 2007.

Marcy, T. P., P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, E. A. Ray, E. C. Richard, T. L. Thompson, E. L. Atlas, M. Loewenstein, S. C. Wofsy, S. Park, E. M. Weinstock, W. H. Swartz and M. J. Mahoney, Measurements of trace gases in the tropical tropopause layer, Atmospheric Environment, 41(34), 7253-7261, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.05.032, 2007.

Murphy, D. M., P. K. Hudson, D. J. Cziczo, S. Gallavardin, K. D. Froyd, M.V. Johnston, A. M. Middlebrook, M. S. Reinard, D. S. Thomson, T. Thornberry and A. S. Wexler, Distribution of lead in single atmospheric particles, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7(12), 3195-3210, doi:10.5194/acp-7-3195-2007, 2007.

Pan, L. L., K. P. Bowman, M. Shapiro, W. J. Randel, R. S. Gao, T. Campos, C. Davis, S. Schauffler, B. A. Ridley, J. C. Wei and C. Barnet, Chemical behavior of the tropopause observed during the Stratosphere-Troposphere Analyses of Regional Transport experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D18110), doi:10.1029/2007JD008645, 2007.

Park, S., R. Jiménez, B.C. Daube, L. Pfister, T.J. Conway, E.W. Gottlieb, V.Y. Chow, D.J. Curran, D.M. Matross, A. Bright, E. L. Atlas, T. P. Bui, R. S. Gao, C. H. Twohy and S. C. Wofsy, The CO2 tracer clock for the Tropical Tropopause Layer, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7(14), 3989-4000, doi:10.5194/acp-7-3989-2007, 2007.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, L. A. Watts, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, E. M. Weinstock, J. B. Smith, R. L. Herman, R.F. Troy, C. R. Webster, L. E. Christensen, D. G. Baumgardner, C. Voigt, B. Kärcher, J. C. Wilson, M. J. Mahoney, E. J. Jensen and T. P. Bui, Condensed-phase nitric acid in a tropical subvisible cirrus cloud, Geophysical Research Letters, 34(L24812), doi:10.1029/2007GL031832, 2007.

Santee, M. L., A. Lambert, W. G. Read, N.J. Livesey, R. E. Cofield, D. T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B. J. Drouin, L. Froidevaux, R. A. Fuller, R. F. Jarnot, B. W. Knosp, G. L. Manney, V.S. Perun, W. V. Snyder, P. C. Stek, R. P. Thurstans, P. A. Wagner, J. W. Waters, G. Muscari, R. L. de Zafra, J. E. Dibb, D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, T. P. Marcy, K. W. Jucks, G. C. Toon, R. A. Stachnik, P. F. Bernath, C. D. Boone, K. A. Walker, J. Urban and D. Murtagh, Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HNO3 measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D24S40), doi:10.1029/2007JD008721, 2007.

Slowik, J. G., E. S. Cross, J.-H. Han, P. Davidovits, T. B. Onasch, J. T. Jayne, L.R. Williams, M. R. Canagaratna, D. R. Worsnop, R. K. Chakrabarty, H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, J. P. Schwarz, R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, G. L. Kok and A. Petzold, An Inter-Comparison of Instruments Measuring Black Carbon Content of Soot Particles, Aerosol Science and Technology, 41(3), 295-314, doi:10.1080/02786820701197078, 2007.

Spackman, J.R., E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Anderson, D. F. Hurst, H. -J. Jost and S. M. Schauffler, >Aircraft observations of rapid meridional transport from the tropical tropopause layer into the lowermost stratosphere: Implications for midlatitude ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D12308), doi:10.1029/2006JD007618, 2007.

Velders, G. J. M., S. O. Andersen, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey and M. McFarland, The Dual Benefit of the Montreal Protocol: Ozone and Climate Protection, OzonAction Newsletter, 4 pgs, 2007.

Velders, G. J. M., S. O. Andersen, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey and M. McFarland, The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(12), 4814-4819, doi:10.1073/pnas.0610328104, 2007.


Canty, T., E. Riviere, R. Salawitch, G. Berthet, J. Renard, K. Pfeilsticker, M. Dorf, A. Butz, H. Bosch, R. Stimpfle, D. Wilmouth, E. C. Richard, D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, M. Schoeberl, L. Lait and T. Bui, Nighttime OClO in the winter Arctic vortex, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110(D1), doi:10.1029/2004JD005035, 2006.

Cooper, O. R., A. Stohl, M. Trainer, A. M. Thompson, J. C. Witte, S. J. Oltmans, G. Morris, K. E. Pickering, J. H. Crawford, G. Chen, R. C. Cohen, T. H. Bertram, P. Wooldridge, A. Perring, W. H. Brune, J. Merrill, J. L. Moody, D. Tarasick, P. Nédélec, G. Forbes, M. J. Newchurch, F. J. Schmidlin, B. J. Johnson, S. Turquety, S. L. Baughcum, X. Ren, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. F. Meagher, N. Spichtinger, C. C. Brown, S. A. McKeen, I. S. McDermid and T. Leblanc, Large upper tropospheric ozone enhancements above midlatitude North America during summer: In situ evidence from the IONS and MOZAIC ozone measurement network, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(D24), doi:10.1029/2006JD007306, 2006.

Dubé, W. P., S. S. Brown, H. D. Osthoff, M. R. Nunley, S. J. Ciciora, M. W. Paris, R. J. McLaughlin and A. R. Ravishankara, Aircraft instrument for simultaneous, in situ measurement of NO3 and N2O5 via pulsed cavity ring-down spectroscopy, Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(3, Part 1), doi:10.1063/1.2176058, 2006.

Gao, R. S., D. W. Fahey, P. J. Popp, T. P. Marcy, R. L. Herman, E. M. Weinstock, J. B. Smith, D. S. Sayres, J. V. Pittman, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, P. T. Bui, D. G. Baumgardner, B. E. Anderson, G Kok and A J Weinheimer, Measurements of relative humidity in a persistent contrail, Atmospheric Environment, 40(9), 1590-1600, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.021, 2006.

Kita, K., Y. Morino, Y. Kondo, Y. Komazaki, N. Takegawa, Y. Miyazaki, J. Hirokawa, S. Tanaka, T. L. Thompson, R. S. Gao and D. W. Fahey, A Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer for Ground-Based Measurements of Nitric Acid, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23(8), 1104-1113, doi:10.1175/JTECH1900.1, 2006.

Osthoff, H. D., S. S. Brown, T. B. Ryerson, T. J. Fortin, B. M. Lerner, E. J. Williams, A. Pettersson, T. Baynard, W. P. Dubé, S. J. Ciciora and A. R. Ravishankara, 2 by pulsed cavity ring-down spectroscopy, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(D12), doi:>10.1029/2005JD006942, 2006.

Popp, P. J., T. P. Marcy, E. Jensen, B. Karcher, D. W. Fahey, R. S. Gao, T. L. Thompson, K. H. Rosenlof, E. C. Richard, R. Herman, E. Weinstock, J. Smith, R. May, H. Vömel, J. Wilson, A. Heymsfield, M. Mahoney and A. Thompson, The observation of nitric acid-containing particles in the tropical lower stratosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 601-611, doi:10.5194/acp-6-601-2006, 2006.

Schwarz, J. P., R. S. Gao, D. W. Fahey, D. S. Thomson, L. A. Watts, J. C. Wilson, J. M. Reeves, M. Darbeheshti, D. G. Baumgardner, G. L. Kok, S. H. Chung, M. Schulz, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, B. Kaercher, J. G. Slowik, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, A. O. Langford, M. Loewenstein and K. C. Aikin, Single-particle measurements of midlatitude black carbon and light-scattering aerosols from the boundary layer to the lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111(D16), doi:10.1029/2006JD007076, 2006.

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