ESRL/PSD Seminar Series
Validation of a New Algorithm for Empirical Localization of Observations for Ensemble Kalman Filter Data Assimilation in Global and Regional Atmospheric Models
NCAR: Boulder, CO
Localization in the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) is a technique to reduce the sampling error in the statistical relations between observations and model state variables. Localization is required for good results in applications of the EnKF to large atmospheric and oceanic models. The empirical localization algorithm described here uses the output from an observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) and constructs localization functions that minimize the root mean square (RMS) difference between the truth and the posterior ensemble mean for state variables. This algorithm can automatically provide an estimate of the localization function and does not require tuning of the localization scale. Moreover, the algorithm can compute an appropriate localization function for any potential observation type and state variable kind. The empirical localization algorithm is investigated in the dynamical core of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) B-grid model, the Community Atmospheric Model version 5 (CAM5) and the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. In the B-grid model, the empirical localization is computed for every observation type and state variable kind. The empirical localizations are Gaussian-like functions and have detailed structures for observations and state variables that are relatively close to each other. The empirical localization outperforms the best Gaspari and Cohn (GC) localization that is obtained by tuning the GC localization cutoff. In CAM5 and WRF, the empirical localization function is computed for the horizontal and vertical separately, thus the vertical localization is explored explicitly. The horizontal empirical localizations are similar to the GC localization, but the vertical empirical localizations are broader than the GC localization. The empirical localization in CAM and WRF also produces smaller RMS error than the GC localization that is routinely used for assimilation with CAM and WRF.
Tuesday, Jan 7th
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