University of Colorado/CIRES
NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory/
Physical Sciences Division
325 Broadway R/PSD1
Boulder, CO 80305-3328, USA

Telephone: (303) 497-6115
Fax: (303) 497-6449
Citizenship: USA


1997 Ph. D., University of Colorado, Boulder, CO:
Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences.
Title: Modulation of East Asian Pressure Surges.
Advisors: Dr. Peter J. Webster and Dr. George N. Kiladis.
1994 M.S. University of Colorado, Boulder, CO:
Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences.
Advisors: Dr. Peter J. Webster and Dr. George N. Kiladis.
1994 Certificate. University of Colorado, Boulder, CO:
Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
1992 B.S. Duke University, Durham, NC: Physics.

Professional Experience

2008-present Research Scientist III, CIRES, University of Colorado.
2001-2008 Research Scientist II, CIRES, University of Colorado.
1998-2001 Research Scientist I, CIRES, University of Colorado.
1992-1997 Graduate Research Assistant, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Tropical-Midlatitude interaction.
Low frequency tropical modulation of high frequency atmospheric variability.
Methodology of wavelet analysis.
Fall 1995 Teaching Assistant, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Physical Processes in Atmospheres and Oceans.
Fall 1994 Teaching Assistant, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Physical Processes in Atmospheres and Oceans.
1992 Student Research Assistant, Duke University, Durham, NC.
Non-Newtonian fluids in Couette-Taylor flow.
1990-1991 Student Research Assistant, Duke University, Durham, NC.
Relaxation in viscous liquids and glasses.

Awards and Honors

2013 Cover article of Geophysical Research Letters: Compo et al. 2013.
2011 US Dept. of Energy, Decadal and Regional Climate Prediction Using Earth System Models (EaSM) Collaborative Proposal Type 1, Developing and Implementing Ocean-Atmosphere Reanalyses for Climate Applications (OARCA), $443K, 9/2011-8/2014, P.I.: G.P. Compo, co-PI: P.D. Sardeshmukh, senior personnel: J.S. Whitaker. Collaborative with NSF EaSM proposal of same title, PI: B. Giese, co-PI: H. Seidel.
2011 US Dept. of Energy, Decadal and Regional Climate Prediction Using Earth System Models (EaSM)Type 1, New approaches for understanding the statistics of daily weather extremes in a changing climate, $447K, 9/2011- 8/2014, PI: P.D. Sardeshmukh, co-PI: G.P. Compo.
2011 Wired magazine, Transcending Time: Great Long-Term Datasets: 20th Century Reanalysis Project
2011 High Performance Computing Innovation Excellence Award, International Data Corporation
2009 US Dept of Energy Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment, Surface Input Reanalysis for Climate Applications (SIRCA) 1850-2011. PI: G.P. Compo, Co-PIs: J.S. Whitaker and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 1 year, (2.1 million hours )
2007 US Dept of Energy Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment, The 20th Century Reanalysis Project. PI: G.P. Compo, Co-PIs: J.S. Whitaker and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2 years, 20.6 million units (4.9 million hours)
2004 NOAA Clivar-Pacific, Predictability of Northern Hemisphere Stormtracks on Seasonal to Decadal Scales. PI: P.D. Sardeshmukh, Co-PI: G.P. Compo. 3 years, $210K award.
2004 Bull. Amer. Soc. Papers to Note at the Annual Meeting: Predictability of Extratropical Stormtracks.
2002 NOAA OAR Outstanding Scientific Paper,
2001: Sardeshmukh, Compo, and Penland, J. Climate.
2001 CIRES, Innovative Research Program, Feasibility of Reanalysis before the radiosonde era, $26,430 award.
2000 NOAA Clivar-Pacific, Change of variability and extreme event risks in ENSO years. PI: P.D. Sardeshmukh, Co-PIs: G.P. Compo and C. Penland. 3 years, $282,924 award.
1993-1995 University Fellowship, University of Colorado at Boulder.
1988-1992 Angier B. Duke Memorial Scholarship,
full tuition scholarship at Duke University.

Professional Memberships

1997-present American Meteorological Society, Member.
1993-1997 American Meteorological Society, Student Member.
2005-present American Geophysical Union, Member.

Professional Service

2010-present Reanalysis Intercomparison and Observations, - Co-founder
2007-present GCOS/WCRP Working Group on Observational Data Sets for Reanalysis.
2003-present GCOS AOPC/OOPC Working Group on Surface Pressure, Co-Convenor
2001-2003 GCOS AOPC/OOPC Working Group on Surface Pressure.
1997-present Wavelet Analysis email support, Co_provider.

Refereed Publications

Sandeep, S., F. Stordal, P.D. Sardeshmukh, and G.P. Compo, 2014: Pacific Walker Circulation variability in coupled and uncoupled climate models. Cli. Dyn., 43, 103-117, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2135-3.

Wang, X.L., Y. Feng, G.P. Compo, V.R. Swail, F.W. Zwiers, R.J. Allan, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2013: Trends and low frequency variability of extra-tropical cyclone activity in the ensemble of Twentieth Century Reanalysis. Cli. Dyn., 40, 2775-2800, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1450-9.

Compo, G.P., P.D. Sardeshmukh, J.S. Whitaker, P. Brohan, P.D. Jones, and C. McColl, 2013: Independent confirmation of global land warming without the use of station temperatures. Geophys. Res. Letters, 40, 3170-3174, doi:10.1002/grl.50425.

Wang, X.L., Y. Feng, G.P. Compo, F.W. Zwiers, R.J. Allan, V.R. Swail, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2013: Is the storminess in the Twentieth Century Reanalysis really inconsistent with observations? A reply to the comment by Krueger et al. (2013b). Cli. Dyn., in press, doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1828-3.

Brönnimann, S., and G.P. Compo, 2012: Ozone highs and associated flow features in the first half of the twentieth century in different data sets. Meteorol. Zeit., 21, 49-59, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0284.

Brönnimann, S., O. Martius, H. von Waldow, C. Welker, J. Luterbacher, G.P. Compo, P.D. Sardeshmukh, and T. Usbeck, 2012: Extreme winds at northern mid-latitudes since 1871. Meteorol. Zeit., 21, 13-27, doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0337.

Brönnimann, S., A.N. Grant, G.P. Compo,T. Ewen, T. Griesser, and A.M. Fischer, 2011: A multi-data set comparison of the vertical structure of temperature variability and change over the Arctic during the past 100 years. Cli. Dyn., 39, 1577-1598, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1291-6.

Allan, R., P. Brohan, G.P. Compo, R. Stone, J. Luterbacher, and S. Brönnimann, 2011: The International Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 92, 1421-1425. doi: 10.1175/2011BAMS3218.1

Dee, D., P. Berrisford, M. G. Bosilovich, M. Chelliah , G. Compo, A. Ebita, P. D. Jones, S. Kobayashi, A. Kumar, G. Rutledge, S. Saha , H. Sato, A. Simmons, C. Smith, R. Vose, 2011: The use of reanalysis data for monitoring the state of the climate [in State of the Climate 2010]. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 92 ( 6 ) , S34-S35, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1.

Wang, X.L., H. Wan, F.W. Zwiers, V.R. Swail, G.P. Compo, R.J. Allan, R.S. Vose, and X. Yin, 2011: Trends and low-frequency variability of storminess over western Europe, 1878-2007. Clim. Dyn., 37, 2355-2371, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1107-0.

Brönnimann, S., G.P. Compo, R. Spadin, R. Allan, and W. Adam, 2011: Early ship-based upper-air data and comparison with the Twentieth Century Reanalysis. Clim. Past, 7, 265-276, doi:10.5194/cp-7-265-2011.

Allan, R.J., G.P. Compo, and J. Carton, 2011: Recovery of Global Surface Weather Observations for Historical Reanalyses and International Users, Eos Trans. AGU, 92, doi:10.1029/2011EO180008.

Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, P.D. Sardeshmukh, N. Matsui, R.J. Allan, X. Yin, B.E. Gleason, R.S. Vose, G. Rutledge, P. Bessemoulin, S. Brönnimann, M. Brunet, R.I. Crouthamel, A.N. Grant, P.Y. Groisman, P.D. Jones, M. Kruk, A.C. Kruger, G.J. Marshall, M. Maugeri, H.Y. Mok, Ř. Nordli, T.F. Ross, R.M. Trigo, X.L. Wang, S.D. Woodruff, and S.J. Worley, 2011: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project. Quarterly J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 1-28. DOI: 10.1002/qj.776.

Stickler, A., A.N. Grant, T. Ewen, T.F. Ross, R.S. Vose, J. Comeaux, P. Bessemoulin, K. Jylha, W.K. Adam, P. Jeannet, A. Nagurny, A.M. Sterin, R. Allan, G.P. Compo, T. Griesser, and S. Brönnimann, 2010: The Comprehensive Historical Upper Air Network (CHUAN). Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 91, 741-751, DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2852.1. AMS copyright

Compo, G.P., and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2010: Removing ENSO-related variations from the climate record. J. Climate, 23, 1957-1978. DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2735.1. AMS copyright

Giese, B.S., G.P. Compo, N.C. Slowey, P.D. Sardeshmukh, J.A. Carton, S. Ray, and J.S. Whitaker, 2010: The 1918/1919 El Nino. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 91, 177-183, DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2903.1. AMS copyright

Whitaker, J.S., G.P.Compo, and J.-N. Thepaut, 2009: A comparison of variational and ensemble-based data assimilation systems for reanalysis of sparse observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 1991-1999. AMS copyright

Compo, G.P., and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2009: Oceanic influences on recent continental warming. Climate Dynamics, 32, 333-342, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0448-9. The original publication is available at

Watkins, L., R.M. Neupauer, and G.P. Compo, 2009: Wavelet analysis and filtering to identify dominant orientations of permeability anisotropy. Mathematical Geosciences, 41, 643-659.

Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2006: Feasibility of a 100 year reanalysis using only surface pressure data. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 87, 175-190. AMS copyright

Bronnimann,S., G.P. Compo, P.D. Sardeshmukh, R. Jenne, and A. Sterin, 2005: New approaches for extending the Twentieth Century climate record. Eos,86,1,2-6. AGU copyright

Compo, G.P., and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2004: Storm Track predictability on seasonal and decadal scales. J. Climate, 17, 3701-3720. AMS copyright

Whitaker, J.S., G.P. Compo, X. Wei, and T.M. Hamill, 2004: Reanalysis without radiosondes using ensemble data assimilation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 1190-1200.AMS copyright

Newman, M., G.P. Compo, and M.A. Alexander, 2003: ENSO-forced variability of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. J. Climate, 16, 3853-3857.AMS copyright

Loschnigg, J., G.A. Meehl, P.J. Webster, J.M. Arblaster, and G.P. Compo, 2003: The Asian Monsoon, the Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation, and the Indian Ocean Zonal Mode in the NCAR CSM. J. Climate, 16, 1617-1642.AMS copyright

Compo, G.P., P.D. Sardeshmukh, and C. Penland, 2001: Changes of subseasonal variability associated with El Niño. J. Climate, 14, 3356-3374. AMS copyright

Sardeshmukh, P.D., G.P. Compo, and C. Penland, 2000: Changes of probability associated with El Niño. J. Climate, 13, 4268-4286. AMS copyright

Compo, G.P., G.N. Kiladis, and P.J. Webster, 1999: East Asian winter Monsoon pressure surges and their relationship to Tropical variability. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 125, 29-54. RMS copyright

Torrence, C. and G. P. Compo, 1998: A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 61-78. AMS copyright

Meehl, G.A., G.N. Kiladis, K.M. Weickmann, M. Wheeler, D.S. Gutzler, and G.P. Compo, 1996: Modulation of equatorial subseasonal convective episodes by Tropical-extratropical interaction in the Indian and Pacific Ocean regions. J. of Geophys. Res., 101, 15033-15049. AGU copyright