The building maintenance scheduled for Friday February 27th at 5:00pm MST has been postponed until 5:00pm March 6th. PSD's website will be down during the maintenance.

PSD Data Image Gallery

We welcome collaborations and will lend our expertise in interpretation and evaluation of our radar data and images. We request that a proper acknowledgement to the "NOAA/ESRL Physical Sciences Division" accompany the use of these images in any publications and presentations.


[Radar image of Kelvin-Helmholts waves.] 7 Apr 97 11:37Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves
In an altostratus cloud over the ARM CART site in Oklahoma. Top panel shows reflectivity in dBZ units; bottom shows vertical velocity in m/s. NOAA/K cloud radar data.
Link to figure of MMCR data 29 Feb 97 00:00Cumulus and Stratus
The Millimeter Cloud Profiling Radar, deployed in Barrow, Alaska, the tropical western Pacific and Kansas, reveals the fine internal structure of cumulus and stratus layers. The system has been deployed as part of many experiments including EPIC, SHEBA, and JASMINE.
Link to radar image of mammatus clouds 2 AUG 94 5:56Mammatus
For more information on this case, see the article by Martner,B.E., 1995: Doppler radar observations of mammatus. Monthly Weather Review, 123, 3115-3121.
20 JUL 94 22:40Cummuli, virga, and boundary layer insects
For more information on this case, see the article by Martner, B.E., A.S. Frisch, and R.A. Banta, 1995: Diurnal evolution of boundary layer turbulence over a boreal forest as observed by Doppler radar. Preprints, 27th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Vail, CO, 485-487.
6 MAR 91 6:02Kelvin-Helmholtz Billow Waves
For more information on this case, see article by Martner, B.E., and F.M. Ralph, 1993: Breaking Kelvin Helmholtz waves and cloud-top entrainment as revealed by K-band radar. Preprints, 9th Conf. on Atmospheric and Ocean Waves and Stability, San Antonio, 141-144.
16 FEB 94 23:43Lenticular Wave Cloud
For more information, see back cover and cover caption page of the Preprints volume of the AMS. Conf. on Cloud Physics, Dallas, 1995.
21 JUN 92 11:42 - A cross-section of a micro-cell at sea.
Top: Reflectivity (dBz) Bottom: Doppler velocity (m/s)
Cloud Diagram
Time-Height Pattern of Radar Reflectivity

Ice and Snow

8 FEB 94 20:39Depolarization of radar signatures can distinguish ice crystal types in clouds.
Depolarization from thick plates (shallow cloud) and grauple (shower). For more information on this case, see article by Reinking et. al., 1995: Further comparison of experimental and theoretical radar polarization signatures due to ice hydrometeor growth habit. Preprints, 27th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Vail, AMS 47-49.
15 FEB 90 18:33Freezing Rain Storm
For more information about this case, see article by Martner, B.E., J.B. Snider, R.J. Zamora, G.P. Byrd, T.A. Niziol and P.I. Joe, 1993: A remote sensing view of a freezing rain storm. Monthly Weather Review, 121, 2562-2577.
Calculated Ice Mass Plot
This is a time-height cross section of ice mass content of one of the cirrus cases observed in ASTEX. Retrievals were made using the radar-radiometer technique. The input information for this technique are colocated measurements by vertically pointed Doppler Ka-band radar and IR radiometer (10-11.4 microns).


20 JUN 93 20:32Thunderstorm with anvil and gust front
Observations of North Dakota thunderstorms from the North Dakota Tracer Experiment of 1993. Top: time-height display of reflectivity; Bottom: vertical velocity. (B. Martner)
20 JUN 93 21:11Thunderstorm with anvil and gust front
reflectivities and photo of NOAA/C and approaching front. (B. Martner) For more information on this case see the article: Martner, B.E., 1997: Vertical velocities in a thunderstorm gust front and outflow. J. Appl. Meteor.,v 36, 615-622.

Winds and Waves

link to mountain wave image 3 APR 1999Mountain Wave
These reflectivity (top) and radial velocity (bottom) RHI images were obtained over the western slope of Mount Washington, NH, with the NOAA/K 35-GHz cloud radar during the Mount Washington Icing Sensors Project (MWISP). The 6228-foot mountain summit is located to the right in these images at an elevation angle of about 15 degrees and 4 km range; the mountainside blocks out radar data to the right of the line that is the sloping surface of the mountain. The images show the radar echoes from a stratiform cloud. Wave patterns clearly visible in the cloud near 1 km AGL are Kelvin-Helmholtz instability waves caused by shear across a stabily stratified flow boundary. The waves become more pronounced and begin to break as the westerly flow approaches and is blocked by the mountain slope. Although the physics is somewhat different, these cloud waves bear a remarkable resemblance to shoaling ocean waves, which become increasingly stretched and curl over as they cross shallower water on their approach to the beach.
Link to internal wave image 25 Sep 1995Internal Ocean Waves and Wind Swell
This 18 minute radar image of the ocean surface, taken with the NOAA/K radar reveals an internal wave packet against a background of wind-driven swell. The swell appears as a series of small stripes which are compressed in this time scale. The much slower moving interal waves are seen as long bars which progress down the image, toward the radar. The normalized radar cross-section (top) is the intensity of the returned signal, while the doppler velocity (bottom) indicates the direction and speed of the scatters with respect to the radar.
Link to radar image of a gravity wave 4 MAR 95 4:51Mountain-Induced Gravity Wave
Link to radar image of a gravity wave 6 MAR 95 5:33Mountain-Induced Gravity Wave
This vertical cross section through a winter orographic cloud, shows a large-amplitude, mountain-induced, gravity wave. The top panel is the depolarization ratio of the circularly transmitted pulse, and the bottom is reflectivity or power returned.
12 MAR 93 00:30Wind Sheer
Classic wind sheer visible in the bi-colored velocity "lobes" and fringe of this VAD scan. The "cool" colors indicate velocities toward the radar and "warm" colors indicate velocities away.