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PSD South America Daily Gridded Precipitation
- South American gridded daily precipitation from station observations, on 1.0 and 2.5 degree grids.
- Typical spatial coverage is illustrated. Values are in millimeters.
- The second figure is made with interpolated contour lines.
- Daily, currently January 1940 through April 2012.
- South American continent. Portions of Central America. Nearby islands.
- Land areas only.
- 60°S - 15°N
- 85°W - 30°W
- 1.0 and 2.5 degree grids.
- Occasional, about once per year.
|Variable||Statistic||Level||Download File||Create Plot/Subset|
|Precipitation||Daily Total (1.0x1.0)||Surface||sa24.daily.1.1940-2012.nc|
|Also Station Counts|
|Precipitation||Daily Total (2.5x2.5)||Surface||sa24.daily.2.5.1940-2012.nc|
|Also Station Counts|
- No restrictions. This data set is for general public distribution.
- Citation is requested as a courtesy. See below.
- It would also be appreciated if you would write Brant Liebmann and briefly explain your intended use.
- Historical daily precipitation observations from South American meteorological stations are combined into daily gridded fields. Station data sets from numerous sources are included.
- Stations within a given radius of each grid point are combined by simple averaging with equal weighting. The chosen radius is 0.75 times the grid spacing. E.g., each point on the 1 degree grid includes data from stations within 0.75 degrees of the nominal coordinates of that grid point.
- If there are no observations within the radius on any day, a missing value is inserted for that grid point.
- Due to the scarcity of observations, coverage over the Andes mountains is not representative.
- For further details of the gridding technique,
see Note by Liebmann and Allured (citation below):
Full text of published article (PDF)
- Sample FORTRAN code to read data from a similar NetCDF file:
- SA24, 9 May 2013
- NetCDF format, all dates included within one file, for each resolution.
- 1.0 degree file: 675 Mb.
- 2.5 degree file: 113 Mb.
- Daily gridded precipitation for South America on 1 degree and 2.5 degree grids.
- Daily counts of the number of observations included in each grid point value.
- This is sparse data, limited to land areas and available historical records only.
- See headers of NetCDF files for missing value codes.
Name and date of current version:
Release notes for current version:
Dataset format and size:
- We request that the following article be cited if these data sets are
used in publication:
Liebmann, B., and D. Allured, 2005: Daily precipitation grids for South America. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, 1567-1570.
- Please note: If you acquire South American Precipitation data products from PSD, we ask that you acknowledge us in your use of the data. This may be done by including text such as South American Precipitation data provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their Web site at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ in any documents or publications using these data. We would also appreciate receiving a copy of the relevant publications. This will help PSD to justify keeping the South American Precipitation data set freely available online in the future. Thank you!
Changes in methodology from that described in Liebmann and Allured:
- As of version SA18, averaging of station data at identical coordinates is now incorporated as described.
- Administración Provincial de Agua (Chaco Province, Argentina)
- Agência Nacional de Águas (Brasil)
- Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (Brasil)
- C.T.M. Salto Grande
- DAEE (São Paulo, Brasil)
- Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos (Ceará, Brasil)
- Meteorologische Dienst Suriname
- Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales (Venezuela)
- National Climatic Data Center (USA)
- Servicio Meteorologico Nacional de Argentina
- Servicio Meteorologico Nacional de Paraguay
- Servicio Meteorologico Nacional de Uruguay
- Superintendência de Desenvolvimento do Nordeste (Brasil)
- Sistema Meteorológico do Paraná (Paraná, Brasil)
- U.T.E. Uruguay
- Any contributions of data would be welcomed.
- Data will be updated as time and resources allow.
- Suggestions would be useful and appreciated.
This page was last updated on June 3, 2013.