Locating Climate & Weather Data and Information

Topics:
Basic US Weather Station Data | Global Station Data | Climatologies | Forecasts | El Niño | Education | Interactive Web Pages | Climate Indices | Snow | Water Resources | Humidity | Hail,Tornadoes, Lightning | Hurricanes | Wind | Crop Information | Sun and Moon | Surface Weather Maps | If you still can't find it...

Basic US weather station data

It is generally easy to obtain historic temperature, rainfall and snowfall information for specific locations in the US. In addition to these basic variables, it is sometimes possible to obtain other weather information including humidity and winds. Some stations have hourly data available though most have daily and monthly only. The places to check are:

Global station data

These are harder to obtain and some countries don't even give out their data for free. NCEI maintains data files for daily and monthly station data. Global extremes can be found here at NCEI and at Arizona State. Canadian climate data is available from the CMC. There are also available global gridded datasets (computer model and/or observation) which have values for most regions.

Climatologies

Surface Weather Maps

US Historic surface analyses can now be obtained from the NOAA Library for 1871 to 2002 from the webpage. It can also be obtained either on CD-ROM from NCEI on their NOAA Chart Series A/B/C. And they can be obtained from 2002 onwards from NOAA/Weather Prediction Center (WPC).

Other types of climate related information

Forecasts

Short-term weather forecasts are available through the National Weather Service. Long-term climate forecasts are also available (from NOAA's CPC) including forecasts of temperature, precipitation and other variables for time periods of one or more months in the future. A list of El Niño forecasts is available from the PMEL El Niño theme page. PSD has some experimental forecasts we make available related to our research.

El Niño

PSD maintains a set of ENSO webpages including current ENSO status, background, and related links.

Education

A list of sites with educational tools and information for a wide range of levels is available.

Interactive websites

PSD has a collection of websites that allow users to plot and analyze data. We also have links to outside outside interactive weather/climate sites.

If you still can't find it...

This weather resource guide has many useful links including road conditions and aviation forecasts. You can also look at NC State University Climate and Weather Links or the RealClimate data sources.

Non-web sources include local universities, libraries, airports, newspapers, TV and radio stations. Books, almanacs and magazines can be particularly useful. Some specific books include:

  1. The Weather Book: An Easy-to-Understand Guide to the USA's Weather, Jack Williams 1997.
  2. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Weather
  3. The rough guide to Weather. Bob Henson. 2002
  4. Climate of the States. 2 volume. Gale Research, Michigan, 1980.
  5. Weather America, Alfred N Garwood Ed, Toucan Valley Pubs, 1996.
  6. Weather Almanac 2000 Grey House Publishing, NY 2000.
  7. Selected climate maps of the US. 1977, Dept of Commerce pub.
  8. Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, vol 1-6, Holton et al, Academic Press, 2002.

Suggestions for other data sources

If you know of any good source of climate data not included in this page, please email us at webmaster.psd@noaa.gov. Thanks!

Topics:
US Weather Station Data | Global Station Data | Climatologies | Forecasts | El Niño | Education | Interactive Web Pages | Climate Indices | Snow | Water Resources | Humidity | Hail,Tornadoes, Lightning | Hurricanes | Wind | Crop Information | Sun and Moon | Surface Weather Maps | If you still can't find it...