ESRL Global Systems Division

GSD Peer-Reviewed Publications

MacDonald, A. E., J. Middlecoff, T. Henderson and J. L. Lee (2011), A General Method for Modeling on Irregular Grids, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, 10.1177/1094342010385019.

Doyle, J., S. Gabersek, Q. Jiang, L. Bernardet, J. M. Brown, A. Dornbrack, E. Filaus, V. Grubisic, D. Kirshbaum, O. Knoth, S. Koch, J. Schmidli, I. Stiperski, S. Vosper and S. Zhong (2011), An Intercomparison of T-REX Mountain-Wave Simulations and Implications for Mesoscale Predictability, Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2811-2831, 10.1175/MWR-D-10-05042.1.

Toth, Z., S. C. Albers and Y. Xie (2011), ANALYSIS OF FINE-SCALE WEATHER PHENOMENA, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00148.1.

Xie, Y. and A. E. MacDonald (2011), Selection of Momentum Variables for a Three-Dimensional Variational Analysis, PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, 10.1007/s00024-011-0374-3.

Zupanski, D., M. Zupanski, L. Grasso, R. Brummer, I. Jankov, D. Lindsey, M. Sengupta and M. DeMaria (2011), Assimilating synthetic GOES-R radiances in cloudy conditions using an ensemble-based method, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 1-23, 10.1080/01431161.2011.572094.

Grell, G. A., S.R. Freitas, M. Stuefer and J. Fast (2011), The Inclusion of Biomass Burning in WRF-Chem: Impact of Wildfires on Weather Forecasts, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10.5194/acp-11-5289-2011.

Leblanc, T., T. D. Walsh, I.S.. McDermid, J.F. Toon, B. Blavier, W. G. Haines, B. Read, E. Herman, S. Fetzer, T. Sander, D. Pongetti, N. Whiteman, T. G. McGee, L. Twigg, G. Sumnicht, D. Venable, M. Calhoun, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, E. Hall, L. Miloshevich, H. Voemel, C. Straub, N. Kampfer, G. E. Nedouluha, R. M. Gomez, K. Holub, S. I. Gutman, J. Braun, T. Vanhove, G. Stiller and A. Hauchecorne (2011), Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: Review of campaign operations and results, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4, 3277-3336, 10.5194/amtd-4-3277-2011.

Saide, P. E., G. R. Carmichael, S. N. Spak, L. Gallardo, A. E. Osses, M. A. Mena-Carrasco and M. Pagowski (2011), Forecasting urban PM10 and PM2.5 pollution episodes in very stable nocturnal conditions and complex terrain using WRFeChem CO tracer model, Atmospheric Environment, 45(16), 2769-2780, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.02.001.

Freitas, S. R., K. M. Longo, M. F. Alonso, M. Pirre, V. Marecal, G. A. Grell, R. Stockler, R. F. Mello and M. Sanchez Gacita (2011), PREP-CHEM-SRC - 1.0: a preprocessor of trace gas and aerosol emission fields for regional and global atmospheric chemistry models, Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 419-433, 10.5194/gmd-4-419-2011.

Grell, G. A., J. Fast, W. I. Gustafson, S. E. Peckham, S. A. McKeen, M. Salzmann and S. Freitas (2011), On-Line Chemistry within WRF: Description and Evaluation of a State-of-the-Art Multiscale Air Quality and Weather Prediction Model, in Integrated Systems of Meso-Meteorological and Chemical Transport Models, edited by A. Baklanov, A. Mahura and R. Sokhi, Springer.

Fast, J.D., W.I. Gustafson, E.G. Chapman, R.C. Easter, J.P. Rishel, R.A. Zaveri, G.A. Grell and M. C. Barth (2011), The Aerosol Modeling Testbed: A community tool to objectively evaluate aerosol process modules, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92(3), 343-360, 10.1175/2010BAMS2868.1.

Fischer, E.V., D.A. Jaffe and E. C. Weatherhead (2011), Free Tropospheric Peroxyacetyl Nitrate (PAN) and Ozone at Mount Bachelor: Causes of Variability and Timescale for Trend Detection, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics and Discussions, 11, 4105-4139, 10.5194/acpd-11-4105-2011.

Grell, G. A. and A. Baklanov (2011), Integrated Modeling for Forecasting Weather and Air Quality: A Call for Fully Coupled Approaches, Atmospheric Environment, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.01.017.

Shi, X., C. Lu and X. Xu (2011), Variability and Trend of High Temperature, High Humidity, and Sultry Weather in China during the Period 1961-2004, JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY, 50, 127-143, 10.1175/2010JAMC2345.1.

Xie, L., H. Liu, B. Liu and S. Bao (2011), A numerical study of the effect of hurricane wind asymmetry on storm surge and inundation, Ocean Modeling, 36(1-2), 71-79, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.10.001.

Adams, D. K., R. M. S. Fernandes, E. R. Kursinski, J. M. Maia, L. F. Sapucci, L. A. T. Machado, I. Vitorello, J. F. G. Monico, K. Holub and S. I. Gutman (2011), A dense GNSS meteorological network for observing deep convection in the Amazon, Atmospheric Science Letters, 10.1002/asl.312.

Cimini, D., R. Ware, S. C. Albers, G. Giuliani, J. Oreamuno, P. Joe, S. E. Koch, S. Cober and E. R. Westwater (2011), Thermodynamic Atmospheric Profiling during the 2010 Winter Olympics Using Ground-based Microwave Radiometry, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2154337, 2011.

Jankov, I., L. Grasso, M. Sengupta, P. J. Neiman, D. Zupanski, M. Zupanski, D. Lindsey, D. Hillger, D. L. Birkenheuer, H. Yuan and R. Brummer (2011), An Evaluation of Five WRF-ARW Microphysics Schemes Using Synthetic GOES Imagery for an Atmospheric River Event Affecting the California Coast, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12, p. 618, 10.1175/2010JHM1282.1.

White, A. B., B. Colman, G. Carter, F. M. Ralph, R. S. Webb, D. Brandon, C. King, P. Neiman, D. Gottas, I. Jankov, K. Brill, Y. Zhu, K. Cook, H. Buehner, H. Opitz and D. Reynolds (2011), Rapid Response to the Howard A. Hanson Dam Flood Risk Management Crisis, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00103.1. (In Press)

Schlatter, T. W. (2010), Atmospheric Composition, in Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, 9 Volume Set, 1, vol. 6, edited by R. Blockley and W. Shyy, pp. 3329-3340, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England.

Grell, G. A., S. R. Freitas, M. Stuefer and J. Fast (2010), Inclusion of Biomass Burning in WRF-Chem: Impact of Wildfires on Weather Forecasts, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics(10), 1-39, 10.5194/acpd-10-30613-2010. (In Press)

Lee, J. L., R. Bleck and A. E. MacDonald (2010), A Multistep Flux-Corrected Transport Scheme, Journal of Computational Physics, 229(24), 9284-9298, 10.1016/j.jcp.2010.08.039.

Xu, X., X. Shi and C. Lu (2010), Theory and Application for Warning and Prediction of Disastrous Weather Downstream from the Tibetan Platueu, in Horizons in Earth Science Research, Nova Science Publishers, New York, NY.

Dong, M, L. Chen, Y Li and C. Lu (2010), Rainfall Reinforcement Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 3541-3558, 10.1175/2010JAS3268.1.

Schlatter, T. W. (2010), Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere, in Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, 9 Volume Set, 1, vol. Volume 6, edited by R. Blockley and W. Shyy, pp. 3341-3352, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

Conte, D., M. Miglietta, A. Moscatello, S. C. Albers and V. Levizzani (2010), A GIS approach to ingest Meteosat Second Generation data into the Local Analysis and Prediction System, Environmental Modelling and Software, 25(10), 1064-1074, 10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.03.023.

Pagowski, M., G. A. Grell, S. A. McKeen, S. E. Peckham and D. Devenyi (2010), Three-Dimensional Variational Data Assimilation of Ozone and Fine Particular Matter. Some Results with Weather Research and Forecasting - Chemistry Model and Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136(653), 2013-2024, 10.1002/qj.700.

Weatherhead, E. C., S. Gearheard and R.G. Barry (2010), Changes in Weather Persistence: Insight from Inuit Knowledge, Global Environmental Change, 20(3), 523-528, 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.02.002.

Bougeault, P., Z. Toth, C. Bishop, B. Brown, D. Burridge, D. Chen, B. Ebert, M. Fuentes, T. M. Hamill, K Mylne, J. Nicolau, T. Paccagnella, Y. Park, D. Parsons, B. Raoult, D. Schuster, P. Dias, R. Swinbank, Y. Takeuchi, W. Tennant, L. Wilson and S. Worley (2010), The THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 1059-1072, 10.1175/2010BAMS2853.1.

Shi, X., X. Xu and C. Lu (2010), The Dynamic and Thermodynamic Structures Associated with a Series of Heavy Precipitation Events over China during January 2008, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 25, 1124-1141, 10.1175/2010WAF2222335.1.

Liang, Z., C. Lu and E. I. Tollerud (2010), Diagnostic Study of Generalized Moist Potential Vorticity in a Non-uniformly Saturated Atmosphere with Heavy Precipitation, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136(650), 1275-1288, 10.1002/qj.636.

Beechler, B., J. Weiss, G. Duane and J. Tribbia (2010), Jet Alignment in a Two-Layer Quasigeostrophic Channel Using One-Dimensional Grip Warping, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 2296-2306, 10.1175/2009JAS3263.1.

Bleck, R., S. G. Benjamin, J. L. Lee and A. E. MacDonald (2010), On the Use of an Adaptive, Hybrid-Isentropic Vertical Coordinate in Global Atmospheric Modeling, Monthly Weather Review, 138, 2188-2210, 10.1175/2009MWR3103.1.

White, A. B., D. Gottas, A. F. Henkel, P. J. Neiman, F. M. Ralph and S. I. Gutman (2010), Developing a Performance Measure for Snow-Level Forecasts, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11, 739-753, 10.1175/2009JHM1181.1.

Demargne, J., J. Brown, Y. Liu, D-J. Seo, L Wu, Z. Toth and Y. Zhu (2010), Diagnostic verification of hydrometeorological and hydrologic ensembles, Atmospheric Science Letters, 11(2), 114-122, 10.1002/asl.261.

Benjamin, S. G., B. D. Jamison, W. Moninger, S. Sahm, B. E. Schwartz and T. W. Schlatter (2010), Relative short-range forecast impact from aircraft, profiler, radiosonde, VAD, GPS-PW, METAR and mesonet observations via the RUC hourly assimilation cycle, Monthly Weather Review, 138, 1319-1343, 10.1175/2009MWR3097.1.

Moelders, N., S. E. Porter, C. F. Cahill and G. A. Grell (2010), Influence of ship emissions on air quality and input of contaminants in southern Alaska National Parks and Wilderness Areas during the 2006 tourist season, Atmospheric Environment, 44(11), 1400-1413, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.02.003.

Moninger, W., S. G. Benjamin, B. D. Jamison, T. W. Schlatter, T. L. Smith and E. Szoke (2010), Evaluation of Regional Aircraft Observations using TAMDAR, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 25, 627-645, 10.1175/2009WAF2222321.1.

Wang, N. and C. Lu (2010), Two-dimensional continuous wavelet analysis and its application to meteorological data, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 652-666, 10.1175/2009JTECHA1338.1.

Djalalova, I., J. M. Wilczak, S. A. McKeen, G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, M. Pagowski, L. DelleMonache, J. McQueen, Y. Tang and P. Lee (2010), Ensemble and bias-correction techniques for air quality model forecasts of surface O3 and PM2.5 during the TEXAQS-II experiment of 2006, Atmospheric Environment, 44(4), 455-467, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.11.007.

Lack, S., G. L. Limpert and N. I. Fox (2010), An Object-Oriented Multiscale Verification Scheme, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 25(1), 79-92, 10.1175/2009WAF2222245.1.

Li, W., Y. Xie, S.M. Deng and Q. Wang (2010), Application of the multi-grid method to the 2-Dimensional Doppler Radar Radial Velocity Data Assimilation, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 379-332, 10.1175/2009JTECHA1271.1.

Lu, C., H. Yuan, E. I. Tollerud and N. Wang (2010), Scale-Dependent Uncertainties in Global QPFs and QPEs from NWP Model and Satellite Fields, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11(1), 139-155, 10.1175/2009JHM1164.1.

Lu, C., H. Yuan, E. I. Tollerud and N. Wang (2010), Scale-dependent uncertainties in the global QPF and QPE from NWP model and satellite fields, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 11, 139-155, 10.1175/2009JHM1164.1.

Xu, X, C. Lu, X Shi and Y Dong (2010), Large-scale topography of China: A factor for the seasonal progression of the Meiyu rainband?, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 115(DO2110), 10.1029/2009JD012444.

Xu, X., C. Lu, X. Shi and Y. Ding (2010), The large-scale topography of China: A factor for the seasonal progression of the Meiyu rainband?, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 115, 10.1029JD012444.

Wei, M., Z. Toth and Y. Zhu (2010), Analysis differences and error variance estimates from multi-centre analysis data, Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 59/SP, 25-34Analysis fields produced by modern data assimilation (DA) systems are considered to be the best estimate of the state.

Lu, C. and et al. (2010), Encyclopedia of Global Warming, Salem Press.

Masutani, M., T. W. Schlatter, R.M. Errico, A. Stoffelen, E. Andersson, W. Lahoz, J.S. Woollen, G.D. Emmit, L.-P. Riishojgaard and S.J. Lord (2010), Observing System Simulation Experiments. A chapter in Data Assimilation. Making Sense of Observations, in Data Assimilation. Making Sense of Observations, edited by W. Lahoz, R. Menard and B. Khattatov, pp. 647-680, Springer Verlag.

Neiman, P. J., A. B. White, F. M. Ralph, D. Gottas and S. I. Gutman (2009), A water vapor flux tool for precipitation forecasting, Water Management, 162(2), 83-94, 10.1680/wama.2009.162.2.83.

Wang, X., X. Liang, W. Jiang, Z. Tao, J. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Han, S. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. A. Grell and S. E. Peckham (2009), WRF-Chem Simulation of East Asian Air Quality: Sensitivity to Temporal and Vertical Emissions Distributions, Atmospheric Environment, 10.16/j.atmosenv.2009.11.011.

Stensrud, D.J., M. Xue, L.J. Wicker, K.E. Kelleher, M.P. Foster, J.T. Schaefer, R.S. Schneider, S. G. Benjamin, S. Weygandt, J.T. Ferree and J.P. Tuell (2009), CONVECTIVE-SCALE WARN-ON-FORECAST SYSTEM A Vision for 2020, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90(10), p. 1487, 10.1175/2009BAMS2795.1.

Jankov, I., J. W. Bao, P. J. Neiman, P. Schultz, H. Yuan and A. B. White (2009), Evaluation and Comparison of Microphysical Algorithms in WRF-ARW Model Simulations of Atmospheric River Events Affecting the California Coast, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 10(4), 847-870, 10.1175/2009JHM1059.1.

Wilczak, J. M., I. Djalalova, S. A. McKeen, L. Bianco, J. W. Bao, G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, R. Mathur, J. McQueen and P. Lee (2009), Analysis of Regional Meteorology and Surface Ozone During the TexAQS II Field Program and Evaluation of the NMM-CMAQ and WRF-Chem Air Quality Models, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, D00F14, 10.1029/2008JD011675.

McKeen, S. A., G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, J. M. Wilczak, I. Djalalova, E. Y. Hsie, G. J. Frost, J. Peischl, J. P. Schwarz, R. Spackman, A. M. Middlebrook, J. S. Holloway, J. A. de Gouw, C. Warneke, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, S. Gadreault, J. Racine, J. McHenry, J. McQueen, P. Lee, Y. Tang, G. Carmichael and R. Mathur (2009), An evaluation of real-time air quality forecasts and their urban emissions over eastern Texas during the summer of 2006 TexAQS field study, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114(D00F11), 10.1029/2008JD011697.

Chassignet, E.P., H.E. Hurlburt, E.J Metzger, O.M. Smedstad, J.A. Cummings, G.R. Halliwell, R. Bleck, R. Baraille, A.J Wallcraft, C. Lozano, H.L. Tolman, A. Srinivasan, S. Hankin, P. Cornillon, R. Weisberg, A. Barth, R. He, F. Werner and J. Wilkin (2009), US GODAE Global Ocean Prediction with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), Oceanography, 22(2), 64-75.

Jiang, H., G. Feingold and I. Koren (2009), Effect of aerosol on trade cumulus cloud morphology, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114(D11209), 10.1029/2009JD011750.

Hill, A.A., G. Feingold and H. Jiang (2009), The influence of entrainment and mixing assumption on aerosol-cloud interactions in marine stratocumulus, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66(5), 1450-1464.

Lee, J. L. and A. E. MacDonald (2009), A Finite-Volume Icosahedral Shallow-Water Model on a Local Coordinate, Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 1422-1437, DOI: 10.1175/2008MWR2639.1.

Rutter, N., R. Essery, J. Pomeroy, N. Altimir, K. Andreadis, I. Baker, A. Barr, P. Bartlett, A. Boone, H.P. Deng, H. Douville, E. Dutra, K. Elder, C. Ellis, X. Feng, A. Gelfan, A. Goodbody, Y. Gusev, D. Gustafsson, R. Hellstrom, Y. Hirabayashi, T. Hirota, T. Jonas, V. Koren, A. Kuragina, D. Lettenmaier, W.P. Li, C. Luce, E. Martin, O. Nasonova, J. Pumpanen, R.D. Pyles, P. Samuelsson, M. Sandells, G. Schadler, A. Shmakin, T. G. Smirnova, M. Stahli, R. Stockli, U. Strasser, H. Su, K. Suzuki, K. Takata, K Xia, Y.K. Xue and T. Yamazaki (2009), Evaluation of forest snow processes models (SnowMIP2), Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 114(D06111), 10.1029/2008JD011063.

Mofor, L.A. and C. Lu (2009), Generalized Moist Potential Vorticity and its Application in the Analysis of Atmospheric Flows, Prog. Natural Sci, 19(3), 285-289, 10.1016/j.pnsc.2008.07.009.

Pettegrew, B. P., P. S. Market, R. A. Wolf, R. L. Holle and N. W. S. Demetriades (2009), A Case Study of Severe Winter Convection in the Midwest, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 24(1), 121-139, 10.1175/2008WAF2007103.1.

Yuan, H., C. Lu, J. A. McGinley, P. Schultz, B. D. Jamison and L. S. Wharton (2009), Evaluation of Short-Range Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts from a Time-Lagged Mulitmodel Ensemble, Wea. Forecasting, 24(Issue 1), 18-38, 10.1175/2008WAF2007053.1.

Alexandrov, M. D., B. Schmid, D. Turner, B. Cairns, V. Oinas, A. A. Lacis, S. I. Gutman and E. Westwater (2009), Columnar water vapor retrievals from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(d2), D02306, 10.1029/2008JD010543.

Freitas, S. R., K. M. Longo, M. A. F. S. Dias, R. Chatfield, P. S. Dias, P. Artaxo, M. O. Andreae, G. A. Grell, L. F. Rodrigues, A. Fazenda and J. Panetta (2009), The Coupled Aerosol and Tracer Transport model to the Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (CATT-BRAMS) - Part 1: Model description and evaluation, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 9(8), 2843-2861.

Tollerud, E. I., F. Caracena, S. E. Koch, B. D. Jamison, R. M. Hardesty, B. McCarty, C. Kiemle, R. S. Collander, D. L. Bartels, S. C. Albers, B. Shaw, D. L. Birkenheuer and W. A. Brewer (2008), Mesoscale moisture transport by the low-level jet during the IHOP Field Experiment, Monthly Weather Review, 136(10), 3781-3795, 10.1175/2008MWR2421.1.

Vukicevik, T. (2008), Comments on "Issues Regarding the Assimilation of Cloud and Precipitation Data", Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65(10), 3344-3347, 10.1175/2008JAS2748.1.

Xu, X., C. Lu, X. Shi and S. Gao (2008), World water tower: An atmospheric perspective, Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L20815), 10.1029/2008GL035867..

Xu, X., R. Zhang, T. Koike, C. Lu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, L. Bian and G. Ding (2008), A new integrated observational system over Tibetan Plateau (NOIST) for weather and climate monitoring and forecasting, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 1492-1496, 10.1175/2008BAMS2557.1.

Knight, C.A., P.T. Schlatter and T. W. Schlatter (2008), An Unusual Hailstorm on 24 June 2006 in Boulder, Colorado. Part II: Low-Density Growth of Hail, Monthly Weather Review, 136, 2833-2848, 10.1175 2008MWR2337.1.

Koch, S. E., C. Flamant, J.W. Wilson, B.M. Gentry and B. D. Jamison (2008), An Atmospheric Soliton Observed with Doppler Radar, Differential Absorption Lidar,and a Molecular Doppler Lidar, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 1267-1287, 10.1175/2007JTECHA951.1.

Schlatter, P. T., T. W. Schlatter and C. A. Knight (2008), An Unusual Hailstorm on 24 June 2006, Boulder, Colorado, Part I: Mesoscale Setting and Radar Features, Monthly Weather Review, 136, 2913-2831, 10.1175 2008MWR2337.1.

Correia, J., R. W. Arritt and C. J. Anderson (2008), Idealized mesoscale convective system structure and propagation using convective parameterization, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 136(7), 2422-2442, 10.1175/2007MWR2229.1.

Rama Varma Raja, M. K., S. I. Gutman, J. G. Yoe, L. M. McMillin and J. Zhao (2008), The validation of AIRS retrievals of integrated precipitable water vapor using measurements from a network of ground-based GPS receivers over the contiguous United States, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 416-428, 10.1175/2007JTECHA889.1.

He, Z., Y. Xie, W. Li, D. Li, G. Han, K. Liu and J. Ma (2008), Application of the sequential three-dimensional variational method to assimilating SST in a global ocean model, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, 25(6), 1018-1033, 10.1175/2007JTECHO540.1.

Yuan, H., J. A. McGinley, P. Schultz, C. J. Anderson and C. Lu (2008), Short-Range Precipitation Forecasts from Time-lagged Multimodel Ensembles during the HMT-West-2006 Campaign, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 9, 477-491, 10.1175/2007JHM879.1.

Zhongjie, H., Y. Xie, W. Li, D. Li, G. Han, K. Liu and J. Ma (2008), Application of Sequential Three-Dimensional Variational Method on Assimilating SST in a Global Ocean Model, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 1018-1033, 10.1175/2007JTECHO540.1.1.

Bernardet, L., L. Nance, M. Demirtas, S. E. Koch, E. Szoke, T. Fowler, A. Loughe, J. Mahoney, H.Y. Chuang, M. Pyle and R. Gall (2008), The developmental testbed center and its winter forecasting experiment, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89(5), 611+, 10.1175/BAMS-89-5-611.

Lu, C. and J. P. Boyd (2008), Rossby wave ray tracing in a barotropic divergent atmosphere, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65(5), 1679-1691, 10.1175/2007JAS2537.1.

Delle Monache, D.L., J. M. Wilczak, S. A. McKeen, G. A. Grell, M. Pagowski, S. E. Peckham, R. Stull, J. Mchenry and J. McQueen (2008), A Kalman-filter bias correction method applied to deterministic, ensemble averaged and probabilistic forecasts of surface ozone, TELLUS SERIES B-CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL METEOROLOGY, 60(2), 238-249, 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00332.x.

Koch, S. E., W. Feltz, F. Fabry, M. Pagowski, B. Geerts, K. M. Bedka, D. O. Miller and J. W. Wilson (2008), Turbulent mixing processes in atmospheric bores and solitary waves deduced from profiling systems numerical simulation, Monthly Weather Review, 136(4), 1373-1400, 10.1175/2007MWR2252.1.

Neff, W., D. Helmig, A. A. Grachev and D. Davis (2008), A study of boundary layer behavior associated with high NO concentrations at the South Pole using a minisodar, tethered balloons and sonic anemometer, Atmospheric Environment, 42(12), 2762-2779, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.01.033.

Vukicevik, T., I. Jankov and J. A. McGinley (2008), Diagnosis and optimization of ensemble forecasts, Monthly Weather Review, 136(3), 1054-1074, 10.1175/2007MWR2153.1.

Kursinski, E. R., R.A. Bennett, D. Gochis, S. Gutman, K. Holub, R. Masteler, C Minjarez Sosa, I. Minjarez Sosa and T. Van Hove (2008), Water vapor surface observations in northwestern Mexico during the 2004 NAME enhanced observing period, Journal of Geophysical Research, 35(L03815), 1-6, 10.1029/2007GL031404.

Li, W., Y. Xie, Z. He, K. Liu, G. Han, J. Ma and D. Li (2008), Application of the multi-grid method to the China Seas' temperature forecast, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, 2106-2116, 10.1175/2008JTECHO510.1.

Borbas, E.E., W.P. Menzel, E. Weisz and D. Devenyi (2008), Deriving Atmospheric Temperature of the Tropopause Region-Upper Troposphere by Combining Information from GPS Radio Occultation Refractivity and High-Spectral-Resolution Infrared Radiance Measurements, J. Appl. Meteor., 47, 2300-2310, 10.1175/2008JAMC1687.1.

Huang, X., Q. Xiao, D.M. Barker, X. Zhang, J. Michalakes, W. Juang, T. Henderson, J. Bray, Y. Chen, Z. Ma, J. Dudhia, Y. Guo, X. Zhang, D. Won, H. Lin and Y. Kuo (2008), Four-dimensional variational data assimilation for WRF: Formulation and preliminary results., Monthly Weather Review. (Submitted)

Liston, G. E., D.L. Brikenheuer, c. A. Hiemstra, D. W. Cline and K. Elder (2008), NASA Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX 2002-2003): Atmospheric Analyses Datasets, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 9, 952-956, 10.1175/2008JHM868.1.

Lu, C. and S. E. Koch (2008), Interaction of Upper-Tropospheric Turbulence and Gravity Waves as Obtained from Spectral and Structure Function Analyses, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65, 2676-2690, 10.1175/2007JAS2660.1.

Mercer, A. E., M. B. Richman, H. B. Bluestein and J. M. Brown (2008), Statistical modeling of downslope windstorms in Boulder, Colorado, Weather and Forecasting, 23, 1176-1194, 10.1175/2008WAF2007067.1.

Yuan, H., X. Gao, S. L. Mullen, S. Sorooshian, J. Du and H.-M. H. Juang (2007), Calibration of probalistic quantitative precipitation forecasts with an artificial neural network, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 22, 1287-1303, 10.1175/2007WAF2006114.1.

Jankov, I., P. Schultz, S. E. Anderson and S. E. Koch (2007), The impact of different physical parameterizations and their interactions on cold season QPF in the American River basin, JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 8(5), 1141-1151, 10.1175/JHM630.1.

Liang, X., M Xu, K. Kunkel, G. A. Grell and J.S Kain (2007), Regional climate model simulation of U.S.-Mexico summer precipitation using the optimal ensemble of two cumulus parameterizations, Journal of Climate, 20, 5201-5207.

Darby, L. S., S. A. McKeen, C. J. Senff, A. B. White, R. M. Banta, M.J. Post, W. A. Brewer, R. Marchbanks, R. J. Alvarez II, S. E. Peckham, H. Mao and R. Talbot (2007), Ozone differences between near-coastal and offshore sites in New England: Role of meteorology, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D16S91), 10.1029/2007JD008446.

Smith, T. L., S. G. Benjamin and S. I. Gutman (2007), Short-range forecast impact from assimilation of GPS-IPW observations into the Rapid Update Cycle, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 135(8), 2914-2930, 10.1175/MWR3436.1.

McMillin, L. M., J. Zhao, M K Rama Varma Raja, S. I. Gutman and J. G. Yoe (2007), Radiosonde humidity corrections and potential Atmospheric Infrared Sounder moisture accuracy, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 112(D13), 10.1029/2005JD006109.

Gultepe, I., M. Pagowski and J. Reid (2007), A satellite-based fog detection scheme using screen air temperature, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 22(3), 444-456, 10.1175/WAF1011.1.

Gultepe, I., R. Tardif, S.C. Michaelides, J. Cermak, A. Bott, J. Bendix, M.D. Muller and M. Pagowski (2007), Fog research: A review of past achievements and future perspectives, PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, 164(6-7), 1121-1159, 10.1007/s00024-007-0211-x.

Jankov, I., W. A. Gallus, M. Segal and S. E. Koch (2007), Influence of initial conditions on the WRF-ARW model QPF response to physical parameterization changes, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 22(3), 501-519, 10.1175/WAF998.1.

Wurman, J., Y. Richardson, C. Alexander, S. Weygandt and P.F. Zhang (2007), Dual-Doppler analysis of winds and vorticity budget terms near a tornado, Monthly Weather Review, 135(6), 2392-2405, 10.1175/MWR3404.1.

Yuan, H., S. L. Mullen, X. Gao, S. Sorooshian, J. Du and H.-M. H. Juang (2007), Short-range probabilistic quantitative precipitation forecasts over the southwest United States by the RSM ensemble system, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 135(5), 1685-1698, 10.1175/MWR3373.1.

Olson, J. and B Colle (2007), A modified approach to initialize an idealized extratropical cyclone within a mesoscale model., Monthly Weather Review, 135, 1614-1624, 10.1175/MWR3364.1.

Hacker, J.P., J.L. Anderson and M. Pagowski (2007), Improved Vertical Covariance Estimates for Ensemble-Filter Assimilation of Near-Surface Observations, Monthly Weather Review, 135, 1021-1036, 10.1175/MWR3333.1.

Mattioli, V, E. R. Westwater, D. Cimini, J C Liljegren, B. M. Lesht, S. I. Gutman and F. J. Schmidlin (2007), Analysis of radiosonde and ground-based remotely sensed PWV data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, 24(3), 415-431, 10.1175/JTECH1982.1.

McKeen, S. A., S. H. Chung, J. M. Wilczak, G. A. Grell, I. Djalalova, S. E. Peckham, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, R. Moffet, Y. Tang, G.R. Carmichael, R. Mathur and S. Yu (2007), Evaluation of several PM2.5 forecast models using data collected during the ICARTT/NEAQS 2004 field study, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D10S20), 10.1029/2006JD007608.

Wurman, J, Y. Richardson, C. Alexandar, S. Weygandt and P.F. Zhang (2007), Dual-Doppler and single-Doppler analysis of a tornadic storm undergoing mergers and repeated tornadogenesis, Monthly Weather Review, 135(3), 736-758, 10.1175/MWR3276.1.

Lu, C., H. Yuan, B. E. Schwartz and S. G. Benjamin (2007), Short-range numerical weather prediction using time-lagged ensembles., WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 22, 580-595, 10.1175/WAF999.1.

Hiemstra, C. A., G. E. Liston, R. A. Pielke, D. L. Birkenheuer and S. C. Albers (2006), Comparing Local Analysis and Prediction System (LAPS) assimilations with independent observations, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 21(6), 1024-1040.

Wilczak, J. M., S. A. McKeen, I. Djalalova, G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, W. Gong, V. Bouchet, R. Moffet, J. McHenry, J. McQueen, P. Lee, Y. Tang and G. R. Carmichael (2006), Bias-corrected ensemble and probabilistic forecasts of surface ozone over eastern North America during the summer of 2004, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D23), D23S28, 10.1029/2006JD007598.

Fast, J D, W I Gustafson Jr., R C Easter, R A Zaveri, J C Barnard, E G Chapman, G. A. Grell and S. E. Peckham (2006), Evolution of ozone, particulates, and aerosol direct radiative forcing in the vicinity of Houston using a fully coupled meteorology-chemistry-aerosol model, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D21), 10.1029/2005JD006721.

Kim, S. -W., A. Heckel, S. A. McKeen, G. J. Frost, E. Y. Hsie, M. Trainer, A. Richter, J.P. Burrows, S. E. Peckham and G. A. Grell (2006), Satellite-observed U.S. power plant NOx emission reductions and their impact on air quality, Geophysical Research Letters, 33(L22812), 10.1029/2006GL027749.

Pagowski, M. (2006), An iterative solution of flux-profile relationships in the surface layer for regional model applications, Atmospheric Environment, 40(35), 6892-6897, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.07.027.

Pagowski, M. and G. A. Grell (2006), Ensemble-based ozone forecasts: Skill and economic value, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D23), 10.1029/2006JD007124.

Lane, T. P., R. D. Sharman, R. G. Frehlich and J. M. Brown (2006), Numerical Simulations of the wake of Kauai, JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY, 45(9), 1313-1331, 1558-8424.

Hay, L. E., M. P. Clark, M. Pagowski, G. H. Leavesley and W. J. Gutowski (2006), One-way coupling of an atmospheric and a hydrologic model in Colorado, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 7(4), 569-589.

Ahn, Y. W., G. Lachapelle, S. Skone, S. Gutman and S. Sahm (2006), Analysis of GPS RTK performance using external NOAA tropospheric corrections integrated with a multiple reference station approach, GPS Solutions, 10(3), 171-186, 10.1007/s10291-005-0017-1.

Ralph, F. M., P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, S. I. Gutman, M. D. Dettinger, D. R. Cayan and A. B. White (2006), Flooding on California's Russian River: Role of atmospheric rivers, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 33(13), L13801, 10.1029/2006GL026689.

Frost, G. J., S. A. McKeen, M. Trainer, T. B. Ryerson, J. A. Neuman, J. M. Roberts, A. L. Swanson, J. S. Holloway, D. T. Sueper, T. J. Fortin, D. D. Parrish, F. C. Fehsenfeld, F Flocke, S. E. Peckham, G. A. Grell, D Kowal, J Cartwright, N Auerbach and T Habermann (2006), Effects of changing power plant NOx emissions on ozone in the eastern United States: Proof of concept, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 111(D12306), 10.1029/2005JD006354.

Grams, J., W. Gallus, S. E. Koch, L. S. Wharton, A. Loughe and E. Ebert (2006), The use of a modified Ebert-McBride technique to evaluate mesoscale model QPF as a function of convective system morphology during IHOP 2002, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 21(3), 288-306.

Pagowski, M., G. A. Grell, D. Devenyi, S. E. Peckham, S. A. McKeen, W Gong, L Delle Monache, J. McHenry, J McQueen and P Lee (2006), Application of dynamic linear regression to improve the skill of ensemble-based deterministic ozone forecasts, Atmospheric Environment, 40(18), 3240-3250, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.02.006.

Fahey, D. W., J. H. Churnside, J. W. Elkins, A. J. Gasiewski, K. H. Rosenlof, S. Summers, M Aslaksen, T A Jacobs, J D Sellars, C D Jennison, L C Freudinger and M Cooper (2006), Altair Unmanned Aircraft System Achieves Demonstration Goals, EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union, 87(20), p. 197, 10.1029/2006EO200002.

Summers, S., M. Aslaksen, D. W. Fahey, T. A. Jacobs, L. C. Freudinger, M. Cooper, K. H. Rosenlof, A. J. Gasiewski, C. D. Jennison, J. H. Churnside, J. W. Elkins and J. D. Sellers (2006), Altair unmanned aircraft system achieves demonstration goals, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 87(20), 197-201, 10.1029/2006EO200002.

Stensrud, D., N Yussouf, M. Baldwin, J. McQueen, J Du, B. Zhou, B Ferrier, G Manikin, M. F. Ralph, J. M. Wilczak, A. B. White, I. Djalalova, J. W. Bao, R. Zamora, S. G. Benjamin, P. A. Miller, T. L. Smith, T. Smirnova and M. F. Barth (2006), The New England high-resolution temperature program, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87(4), 491-498, 10.1175/BAMS-87-4-491.

Birkenheuer, D. L. (2006), The initial formulation of a technique to employ gradient information in a simple variational minimization scheme, NOAA Technical Memo, 26 pp., NOAA.

Lee, J. L., W. Lee and A. E. MacDonald (2006), Estimating vertical velocity and radial flow from Doppler radar observations of tropical cyclones, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 132(614, Part A), 125-145, 10.1256/qj.04.77.

Geerts, B., S. E. Koch, P Krehbiel and D Jorgensen (2006), MEETINGS: Are AMS Conference Practices Changing for Better or Worse?: A Report on Developments from the 32nd Radar Meteorology and 11th Mesoscale Processes Joint Conference, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87(8), p. 1105, 10.1175/BAMS-87-8-1105.

Golden, J. H. (2006), Testimony Before Joint Hearing by Sen. Subcommittee on Science & Space and Subcommittee on Disaster Prediction and Prevention, on November 10, 2005, Journal of Weather Modification, 38, 117-118.

Lin, C., J. Zhu and C. Lu (2006), Idealized data assimilation experiment with different observation distributions using Ensemble Kalman filter and optimal interpolation, Climate Env. Res., 11, 553-564.

Gallus, W., J. Coreia and I. Jankov (2005), The 4 June 1999 derecho event: A particularly difficult challenge for numerical weather prediction, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 20, 705-728.

Grell, G. A., S. E. Peckham, R Schmitz, S. A. McKeen, G. J. Frost, W. Skamarock and B Eder (2005), Fully coupled "online" chemistry within the WRF model, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 39(37), 6957-6975, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.04.027.

Jankov, I., W. Gallus, M Segal, B. Shaw and S. E. Koch (2005), The impact of different WRF model physical parameterizations and their interactions on warm season MCS rainfall, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 20(6), 1048-1060, 10.1175/WAF888.1.

Kang, D, B. Eder, A. Stein, G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham and J McHenry (2005), The New England Air Quality Forecasting Pilot Program: Development of an evaluation protocol and performance benchmark, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 55(12), 1782-1796.

Bao, J. W., S. A. Michelson, S. A. McKeen and G. A. Grell (2005), Meteorological evaluation of a weather-chemistry forecasting model using observations from the TEXAS AQS 2000 field experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 110(D21), 10.1029/2004JD005024.

Birkenheuer, D. L. and S. I. Gutman (2005), A comparison of GOES moisture-derived product and GPS-IPW data during IHOP-2002, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, 22(11), 1838-1845, 10.1175/JTECH1814..

Koch, S. E., B. D. Jamison, C. Lu, T. L. Smith, E. I. Tollerud, N. Wang, T. Lane, M. Shapiro, D. D. Parrish and O. R. Cooper (2005), Turbulence and gravity waves within an upper-level front, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 62(11), 3885-3908, DOI: 10.1175/JAS3574.1.

McKeen, S. A., J. M. Wilczak, G. A. Grell, I. Djalalova, S. E. Peckham, E. Y. Hsie, W Gong, V Bouchet, S Menard, R Moffet, J McHenry, J McQueen, Y Tang, G. Carmichael, M. Pagowski, A Chan, T Dye, G. J. Frost, P Lee and R Mathur (2005), Assessment of an ensemble of seven real-time ozone forecasts over eastern North America during the summer of 2004, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D21), 10.1029/2005JD005858.

Ralph, F. M., R. Rauber, B. Jewett, D. E. Kingsmill, P Pisano, P Pugner, R. Rasmussen, D. Reynolds, T. W. Schlatter, R. Stewart, S Tracton and J. Waldstreicher (2005), Improving short-term (0-48 h) cool-season quantitative precipitation forecasting - Recommendations from a USWRP workshop, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 86(11), 1619-1632, 10.1175/BAMS-86-11-1619.

Jian, G. and J. McGinley (2005), Evaluation of a short-range forecast system on quantitative precipitation forecasts associated with tropical cyclones of 2003 near Taiwan, JOURNAL OF THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 83(5), 657-681, 10.2151/jmsj.83.657.

Lu, C., S. E. Koch and N. Wang (2005), Stokes parameter analysis of a packet of turbulence-generating gravity waves, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D20), 10.1029/2004JD005736.

Negri, A. J., N. Burkardt, J. H. Golden, J. B. Halverson, G. J. Huffman, M. C. Larsen, J. A. McGinley, R. G. Updike, J. P. Verdin and G. F. Wieczorek (2005), The Hurricane - Flood - Landslide Continuum, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 86(9), 1241-1247, 10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1241.

MacDonald, A. E. (2005), A global profiling system for improved weather and climate prediction, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 86(12), 1747-1764, 10.1175/BAMS-86-12-1747.

Doswell, C., H. Brooks and M. Kay (2005), Climatological estimates of daily local nontornadic severe thunderstorm probability for the United States, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 20(4), 577-595.

Dabberdt, W., T. W. Schlatter, F. Carr, D Friday, S. E. Koch, M Pirone, F. M. Ralph, J. Sun, P Welsh, J. Wilson and X. Zou (2005), Multifunctional mesoscale observing networks, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 86(7), 961+, 10.1175/BAMS-86-7-961.

Mattioli, V, E. R. Westwater, S. I. Gutman and V. Morris (2005), Forward model studies of water vapor using scanning microwave radiometers, global positioning system, and radiosondes during the cloudiness intercomparison experiment, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 43(5), 1012-1021, 10.1109/TGRS.2004.839926.

Freitas, S., K. Longo, M. Diasb, P. Diasb, R Chatfield, E Prins, P Artaxo, G. A. Grell and F. Recuero (2005), Monitoring the transport of biomass burning emissions in South America, ENVIRONMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS, 5(1-2), 135-167, 10.1007/s10652-005-0243-7.

Pagowski, M., G. A. Grell, S. A. McKeen, D. Dévényi, J. M. Wilczak, V Bouchet, W Gong, J McHenry, S. E. Peckham, J McQueen, R Moffet and Y Tang (2005), A simple method to improve ensemble-based ozone forecasts, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 32(7), 10.1029/2004GL022305.

Lu, C., S. E. Koch and N. Wang (2005), Determination of temporal and spatial characteristics of atmospheric gravity waves combining cross-spectral analysis and wavelet transformation, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D1), 10.1029/2004JD004906.

Yuan, H., S. L. Mullen, X. Gao, S. Sorooshian, J. Du and H.-M. H. Juang (2005), Verification of Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts over the Southwest United States during Winter 2002/03 by the RSM Ensemble System, Monthly Weather Review, 133, 279-294.

Mahoney, W., B Bernstein, J Wolff, S Linden, W. Myers, R. Hallowell, J Cowie, A. Stern, G Koenig, G Phetteplace, P. Schultz, P. Pisano and D Burkheimer (2005), FHWA's maintenance decision support system project - Results and recommendations, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1911/ 2005(1911), 133-142, 10.3141/1911-13.

Benjamin, S. G., B. E. Schwartz, E. Szoke and S. E. Koch (2004), Supplement to the Value of Wind Profiler Data in U.S. Weather Forecasting, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 1871-1886, DOI:10.1175/BAMS-85-12-1871.

Benjamin, S. G., B. E. Schwartz, E. Szoke and S. E. Koch (2004), The value of wind profiler data in US weather forecasting, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85(12), 1871+, 10.1175/BAMS-85-12-1871.

Davis, C, N Atkins, D. L. Bartels, L Bosart, G Coniglio, W Cotton, D Dowell, B Jewett, R Johns, D Jorgensen, J Knievel, K Knupp, W. Lee, G McFarquhar, J Moore, R Przybylinski, R Rauber, B Smull, R Trapp, S Trier, R Wakimoto, M Weisman and C Ziegler (2004), The Bow Echo and MCV Experiment - Observations and opportunities, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 85(8), 1075+, 10.1175/BAMS-85-8-1075.

Grell, G. A., R Knoche, S. E. Peckham and S. A. McKeen (2004), Online versus offline air quality modeling on cloud-resolving scales, Geophysical Research Letters, 31(L16117), 10.1029/2004GL020175.

Brennan, M., G. Lackmann and S. E. Koch (2004), The impact of a split-front rainband on Appalachian cold-air damming erosion, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85(7), 935-939, 10.1175/BAMS-85-7-935.

Peckham, S. E., R. Wilhelmson, L. Wicker and C. Ziegler (2004), Numerical simulation of the interaction between the dryline and horizontal convective rolls, Monthly Weather Review, 132(7), 1792-1812, 10.1175/1520-0493%282004%29132%3C1792:NSOTIB%3E2.0.CO;2.

Mostek, A., J. Weaver, D. Bikos, D. Lindsey, B. Zajac, S. Bachmeier, T. Whittaker, B. Motta, B. Grant, J. LaDue and J. Ferree (2004), Visit - Bringing training to weather service forecasters using a new distance-learning tool, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85(6), 823-829, 10.1175/BAMS-85-6-823.

Sierk, B., S. Solomon, J. S. Daniel, R. W. Portmann, S. I. Gutman, A. O. Langford, C. S. Eubank, E. G. Dutton and K. H. Holub (2004), Field measurements of water vapor continuum absorption in the visible and near-infrared, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(d8), D08307-D08307, 10.1029/2003JD003586.

Dabberdt, W., M. Carroll, D Baumgardner, G Carmichael, R Cohen, T Dye, J Ellis, G. A. Grell, S Grimmond, S Hanna, J Irwin, B Lamb, S Madronich, J McQueen, J. F. Meagher, T Odman, J Pleim, H. Schmid and D. Westphal (2004), Meteorological research needs for improved air quality forecasting - Report of the 11th prospectus development team of the US Weather Research Program, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85(4), 563+, 10.1175/BAMS-85-4-563.

Jankov, I., A. William and J.. Gallus (2004), MCS rainfall forecast accuracy as a function of large-scale forcing, Weather and Forecasting, 19, 428-439.

Gutman, S. I., S. Sahm, S. G. Benjamin, B. E. Schwartz, K. Holub, J. Q. Stewart and T. L. Smith (2004), Rapid retrieval and assimilation of ground based GPS precipitable water observations at the NOAA forecast systems laboratory: Impact on weather forecasts, JOURNAL OF THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 82(1B), 351-360, 10.2151/jmsj.2004.351.

Benjamin, S. G., D. Dévényi, S. Weygandt, K. Brundage, J. M. Brown, G. A. Grell, D. Kim, B. Schwartz, T. G. Smirnova, T. L. Smith and G. Manikin (2004), An hourly assimilation-forecast cycle: The RUC, Monthly Weather Review, 132(2), 495-518, 10.1175/1520-0493%282004%29132%3C0495:AHACTR%3E2.0.CO;2.

Benjamin, S. G., G. A. Grell, J. M. Brown, T. G. Smirnova and R. Bleck (2004), Mesoscale weather prediction with the RUC hybrid isentropic-terrain-following coordinate model, Monthly Weather Review, 132(2), 473-494, 10.1175/1520-0493%282004%29132%3C0473:MWPWTR%3E2.0.CO;2.

Benjamin, S. G., G. A. Grell, J. M. Brown, T. G. Smirnova and R. Bleck (2004), Mesoscale weather prediction with the RUC hybrid isentropic-terrain-following coordinate model, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 132(2), 473-494, 10.1175/1520-0493(2004)132<0473:MWPWTR>2.0.CO;2.

Weckwerth, T., D. Parsons, S. E. Koch, J. Moore, M. LeMone, B. Demoz, C Flamant, B Geerts, J. Wang and W. Feltz (2004), An overview of the International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) and some preliminary highlights, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85(2), 253+, 10.1175/BAMS-85-2-253.

Weckwerth, T., D. Parsons, S. E. Koch, J. Moore, M. LeMone, B. Demoz, C Flamant, B Geerts, J. Wang and W. Feltz (2004), An overview of the International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) and some preliminary highlights, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 85(2), 253+, 10.1175/BAMS-85-2-253.

Pagowski, M., I Gultepe and P King (2004), Analysis and Modeling of an extremely dense fog event in southern Ontario, JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY, 43(1), 3-16.

Collander, R. and C. Girz (2004), Evaluation of balloon trajectory forecast routines for GAINS, Advances in Space Research, 33(10), 1727-1731, 10.1016/j.asr.2003.05.016.

Collander, R. S. and C. Girz (2004), Evaluation of balloon trajectory forecast routines for GAINS, NEXT GENERATION IN SCIENTIFIC BALLOONING, 33(10), 1727-1731, 10.1016/j.asr.2003.05.016.

Girz, C., A. E. MacDonald, R. Anderson, B. Lachenmeier, R. S. Collander, R. B. Chadwick, R. Moody, J Cooper, G Ganoe, S Katzberg, T Johnson, B Russ and V. U. Zavorotny (2004), Results of the recent GAINS flight test, NEXT GENERATION IN SCIENTIFIC BALLOONING, 33(10), 1642-1647, 10.1016/j.ars.2003.06.021.

Jankov, I., A. William and J.. Gallus (2004), Contrast between good and bad forecasts of warm season MCS rainfall, Journal of Hydrology, 288, 122-152, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.11.013.

Brennan, M., G. Lackmann and S. E. Koch (2003), An analysis of the impact of a split-front rainband on Appalachian cold-air damming, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 18(5), 712-731, 10.1175/1520-0434(2003)018<0712:AAOTIO>2.0.CO;2.

Kain, J.S., M.E. Baldwin, S.J. Weiss, M. Kay and G.W. Carbin (2003), Subjective verification of numerical models as a component of a broader interaction between research and operations, Weather and Forecasting, 18(5), 847-860.

Zhang, F, S. E. Koch and M L Kaplan (2003), Numerical simulations of a large-amplitude mesoscale gravity wave event, METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS, 84(3-4), 199-216, 10.1007/s00703-002-0594-2.

Roads, J., R. Lawford, E. Bainto, E. Berbery, S. Chen, B. Fekete, K. Gallo, A. Grundstein, W. Higgins, M. Kanamitsu, W. Krajewski, V. Lakshmi, D. Leathers, D. Lettenmaier, L. Luo, E. Maurer, T. Meyers, D. Miller, K. Mitchell, T. Mote, R. Pinker, T. Reichler, D. Robinson, A. Robock, J. Smith, G. Srinivasan, K. Verdin, K. Vinnikov, T.V. Haar, C. Vorosmarty, S. Williams and E. Yarosh (2003), GCIP water and energy budget synthesis (WEBS), Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D16), 10.1029/2002JD002583.

Govett, M., L. Hart, T. Henderson, J. Middlecoff and D. Schaffer (2003), The Scalable Modeling System: directive-based code parallelization for distributed and shared memory computers, PARALLEL COMPUTING, 29(8), 995-1020, 10.1016/S0167-8191(03)00084-X.

Businger, S., M.E. Adams, S. E. Koch and M. Kaplan (2003), Comments on "extraction of geopotential height and temperature structure from profiler and rawinsonde winds" - Reply, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 131(7), 1504-1506.

Sierk, B., S. Solomon, J. S. Daniel, R. W. Portmann, S. I. Gutman, A. O. Langford, C. S. Eubank, K. Holub and S.V. Florek (2003), Field test of spectral line intensity parameters for tropospheric water vapor, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(D12), 10.1029/2002JD002985.

Luo, L., A Robock, K. Vinnikov, C. Schlosser, A. Slater, A Boone, H Braden, P Cox, P deRosnay, R. Dickinson, Y. Dai, Q. Duan, P Etchevers, A Henderson-Sellers, N Gedney, Y. Gusev, F Habets, J. Kim, E Kowalczyk, K Mitchell, O. Nasonova, J Noilhan, A. Pitman, J Schaake, A. Shmakin, T. Smirnova, P Wetzel, Y. Xue, Z. Yang and Q. Zeng (2003), Effects of frozen soil on soil temperature, spring infiltration, and runoff: Results from the PILPS 2(d) experiment at Valdai, Russia, JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 4(2), 334-351.

Koch, S. E. and J. D. Mitchem (2003), The map room: A Structured Process for Prediction of Convection Associated with Split Cold Fronts, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 84, 174-179.

Moninger, W., R. Mamrosh and P. Pauley (2003), Automated meteorological reports from commercial aircraft, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 84(2), 203-216, 10.1175/BAMS-84-2-203.

Revercomb, H.E., D.D. Turner, D.C. Tobin, R.O. Knuteson, W.F. Feltz, J. Barnard, J. Bosenberg, S. Clough, D. Cook, R. Ferrare, J. Goldsmith, S. I. Gutman, R. Halthore, J. Liljegren, H. Linne, J. Michalsky, V. Morris, W. Porch, S. Richardson, B. Schmid, M. Splitt, T. Van Hove, E. Westwater and D. Whiteman (2003), The ARM program's water vapor intensive observation periods - Overview, initial accomplishments, and future challenges, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 84(2), 217-236, 10.1175/BAMS-84-2-217.

Lee, J. L., Y. Kuo and A. E. MacDonald (2003), The vorticity method: Extension to mesoscale vertical velocity and validation for tropical storms, QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 129(589, Part C), 1029-1050, doi: 10.1256/qj.01.219.

Chtcherbakov, A., R. Bloxam, S. Wong, P.K. Misra, M. Pagowski, J. Sloan, S. Soldatenko and X. Lin (2003), MODELS-3/CMAQ Evaluation during High Particulate Episodes over Eastern North America in Summer 1995 and Winter 1998, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 20, 242-255, 10.1504/IJEP.2003.004288.

Devenyi, D and S. G. Benjamin (2003), A variational assimilation technique in a hybrid isentropic-sigma coordinate, METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS, 82(1-4), 245-257, 10.1007/s00703-001-0590-y.

Schaffer, D., T. Henderson and J. Middlecoff (2003), Performance analysis of the Scalable Modeling System, World Scientific, 235-256.

Wang, N. and R. Brummer (2003), EXPERIMENT OF A WAVELET-BASED DATA COMPRESSION TECHNIQUE WITH PRECISION CONTROL, presented at 19th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Long Beach, CA, 2003.

Xie, Y. (2003), The role of a multigrid technique in diagnosis of three-dimensional water vapor over the Tsukuba GPS network, presented at Int. Workshop on GPS Meteorology: Ground-Based and Space-Borne Applications, Tsukuba, Japan, UNSPECIFIED.

Stockwell, W. R., R. S. Artz, J. F. Meagher, R. A. Petersen, K. L. Schere, G. A. Grell, S. E. Peckham, A. F. Stein, R. V. Pierce, J. M. O'Sullivan and P.-Y. Whung (2002), The Scientific Basis of NOAA's Air Quality Forecasting Program, EM, Air and Waste Management Association, 20-27.

Baldwin, M., J. Kain and M. Kay (2002), Properties of the convection scheme in NCEP's eta model that affect forecast sounding interpretation, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 17(5), 1063-1079.

Mazany, R.A., S. Businger, S. I. Gutman and W. Roeder (2002), A lightning prediction index that utilizes GPS integrated precipitable water vapor, Weather and Forecasting, 17(5), 1034-1047.

Xie, Y., C. Lu and G. Browning (2002), Impact of formulation of cost function and constraints on three-dimensional variational data assimilation, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 130(10), 2433-2447.

Grell, G. A. and D Devenyi (2002), A generalized approach to parameterizing convection combining ensemble and data assimilation techniques, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 29(14), 10.1029/2002GL015311.

Browning, G. and H. Kreiss (2002), Multiscale bounded derivative initialization for an arbitrary domain, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 59(10), 1680-1696.

Stewart, J. Q., C. Whiteman, W. Steenburgh and X. Bian (2002), A climatological study of thermally driven wind systems of the US Intermountain West, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 83(5), 699-708.

Serafin, R.J., A. E. MacDonald and R.L. Gall (2002), Transition of weather research to operations - Opportunities and challenges, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83(3), 377-+.

Weygandt, S., A Shapiro and K. Droegemeier (2002), Retrieval of model initial fields from single-Doppler observations of a supercell thunderstorm. Part I: Single-Doppler velocity retrieval, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 130(3), 433-453.

Weygandt, S., A Shapiro and K. Droegemeier (2002), Retrieval of model initial fields from single-Doppler observations of a supercell thunderstorm. Part II: Thermodynamic retrieval and numerical prediction, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 130(3), 454-476.

Lu, C., P. Schultz and G. Browning (2002), Scaling the microphysics equations and analyzing the variability of hydrometeor production rates in a controlled parameter space, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 19(4), 619-650.

MacDonald, A. E., Y. Xie and R. Ware (2002), Diagnosis of three-dimensional water vapor using a GPS network, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 130(2), 386-397.

Ackley, M. H. and K. S. Gage (2002), NOAA Profiler Network and other emerging global profiler networks, International Society for Optical Engineering, 352-360.

Bernardet, L. (2002), Verification of High-Resolution Precipitation Forecasts for the Atlanta Olympic Games, National Weather Digest, 26, 19-36.

Girz, C.M.I.R., A. E. MacDonald, F. Caracena, R. L. Anderson, T. Lachenmeier, B. D. Jamison, R. S. Collander and E. C. Weatherhead (2002), GAINS - A global observing system, Advances in Space Research, 1343-1348.

Weatherhead, E., A. Stevermer and B. Schwartz (2002), Detecting environmental changes and trends, PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE EARTH, 27(6-8), 399-403.

Thomas, S. and G. Browning (2001), The accuracy and efficiency of semi-implicit time stepping for mesoscale storm dynamics, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 58(20), 3053-3063.

Zhang, F, S. E. Koch, C. Davis and M. Kaplan (2001), Wavelet analysis and the governing dynamics of a large-amplitude mesoscale gravity-wave event along the East Coast of the United States, QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 127(577, Part A), 2209-2245.

Koch, S. E. (2001), Real-time detection of split fronts using mesoscale models and WSR-88D radar products, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 16(1), 35-55.

Slater, A., C. Schlosser, C. Desborough, A Pitman, A Robock, K. Vinnikov, K Mitchell, A Boone, H Braden, F Chen, P. Cox, P deRosnay, R. Dickinson, Y. Dai, Q Duan, J Entin, P Etchevers, N Gedney, Y. Gusev, F Habets, J Kim, V Koren, E. Kowalczyk, O. Nasonova, J Noilhan, S Schaake, A. Shmakin, T. G. Smirnova, D Verseghy, P Wetzel, X Yue, Z. Yang and Q Zeng (2001), The representation of snow in land surface schemes: Results from PILPS 2(d), JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 2(1), 7-25.

Yang, J., M. Donnelly, N. Prive and W. Grosshandler (2001), An apparatus for screening fire suppression efficiency of dispersed liquid agents, FIRE SAFETY JOURNAL, 36(1), 55-72.

Birkenheuer, D. L. (2001), UTILIZING VARIATIONAL METHODS TO INCORPORATE A VARIETY OF SATELLITE DATA IN THE LAPS MOISTURE ANALYSIS, presented at 11th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Madison, WI, 2001.

Birkenheuer, D. L., B. Shaw, S. C. Albers and E. Szoke (2001), EVALUATION OF LOCAL-SCALE FORECASTS FOR SEVERE WEATHER OF 20 JULY 2000, presented at 14th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Brennan, M. J., S. E. Koch and G. M. Lackmann (2001), DETECTION AND EVAULATION OF THE EFFECTS OF SPLIT FRONTS ON THE EVOLUTION OF APPALACHIAN COLD AIR DAMMING, presented at 18th Conf. on Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Brundage, K., S. G. Benjamin and M. N. Schwartz (2001), WIND ENERGY FORECASTS AND ENSEMBLE UNCERTAINTY FROM THE RUC, presented at Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Businger, S, M. Adams, S. E. Koch and M. Kaplan (2001), Extraction of geopotential height and temperature structure from profiler and rawinsonde winds, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 129(7), 1729-1739.

Caracena, F., A. Marroquin and E. I. Tollerud (2001), A PV-streamer's role in a succession of heavy rain-producing MCSs over the central United States, PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE EARTH PART B-HYDROLOGY OCEANS AND, 26(9), 643-648.

Curnow, F. B. and J. Wakefield (2001), MANAGING NATIONAL DATASETS FOR AWIPS, presented at 17th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Albuquerque, NM, 2001.

Davis, D., H. Grote and M. Biere (2001), PORTING AWIPS TO LINUX, presented at 17th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Albuquerque, NM, 2001.

Devenyi, D., S. G. Benjamin and S. Weygandt (2001), 3DVAR ANALYSIS IN THE RAPID UPDATE CYCLE, presented at 14th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Evans, K. D., B. B. Demoz, M. P. Cadirola, S.H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, G. K. Schwemmer, D. O'C. Starr, F. J. Schmidlin, W. Feltz, D. Tobin and S. I. Gutman (2001), A NEW CALIBRATION TECHNIQUE FOR RAMAN LIDAR WATER VAPOR MEASUREMENTS, Advances in Laser Remote Sensing, 289-292.

Girz, C.M.I.R., A. E. MacDonald, F. Caracena, R. S. Collander, B. D. Jamison, R.L. Anderson, D. Latsch, T. Lachenmeier, R.A. Moody, S. Mares, J. Cooper, G. Ganoe, S. Katzberg, T. Johnson and B. Russ (2001), PROGRESS AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE GAINS PROGRAM, presented at 15th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, Biarritz, France, 2001.

Govett, M., J. Middlecoff, L. Hart, T. Henderson and D. Schaffer (2001), The scalable modeling system: A high-level alternative to MPI, World Scientific, 251-268.

Grell, G. A., L. Schade, R. Knoche, A. Pfeiffer and J. Egger (2001), Nonhydrostatic climate simulations of precipitation over complex terrain, presented at Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Gutman, S. I. and S. G. Benjamin (2001), The Role of Ground-Based GPS Meteorological Observations in Numerical Weather Prediction, GPS Solutions, 4, 16-24.

Kim, D. and S. G. Benjamin (2001), CLOUD/HYDROMETEOR INITIALIZATION FOR THE 20-KM RUC USING SATELLITE AND RADAR DATA, presented at 14th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Kim, D. and D. Devenyi (2001), ONE DIMENSIONAL VARIATIONAL ASSIMILATION EXPERIMENTS COMBINING GOES SOUNDER AND IMAGER RADIANCE DATA, presented at 11th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, Madison, WI, 2001.

Koch, S. E. (2001), STATUS REPORT ON THE PREDICTABILITY OF MESOSCALE GRAVITY WAVES WITH NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS, presented at Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Koch, S. E. and J. Mitchem (2001), The role of dual cold fronts aloft in a major tornado and flash flooding event, presented at Symp. on Precipitation Extremes: Prediction, Impacts, and Responses, Albuquerque, NM, 2001.

Koch, S. E. and S Saleeby (2001), An automated system for the analysis of gravity waves and other mesoscale phenomena, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 16(6), 661-679.

Koch, S. E. and S. M. Saleeby (2001), OPERATIONAL SURFACE MESOAN ALYSIS, presented at Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Koch, S. E., F Zhang, M. Kaplan, Y. Lin and C. Weglarz (2001), Numerical simulations of a gravity wave event over CCOPE. Part III: The role of a mountain-plains solenoid in the generation of the second wave episode, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 129(5), 909-933.

Koch, S. E. and F. Zhang (2001), BALANCED INITIALIZATION PROCEDURES AND MESOSCALE PREDICTABILITY, presented at Ninth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Koermer, J.P., J. J.. Zabransky, S. Madine, E. Polster and N. Wang (2001), FX-NET as a weather visualization tool in undergraduate meteorological education, presented at 17th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Albuquerque, NM, 2001.

Lee, J. L., W-C. Lee and A. E. MacDonald (2001), ESTIMATING VERTICAL VELOCITY IN A HURRICANE WITH SINGLE-DOPPLER RADAR DATA, presented at 30th Int. Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Munich, Germany, 2001.

Lee, J. L., A. E. MacDonald and W-C. Lee (2001), INITIALIZATION OF A HURRICANE VORTEX WITH A SINGLE-DOPPLER RADAR DATA, presented at 14th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 2001.

Loughe, A., J. Henderson, J. Mahoney and E. I. Tollerud (2001), A VERIFICATION APPROACH SUITABLE FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF MODEL-BASED PRECIPITATION FORECASTS DURING EXTREME PRECIPITATION EVENTS, presented at Symp. on Precipitation Extremes: Prediction, Impacts, and Responses, Albuquerque, NM, 2001.

MacDonald, A. E. (2001), THE ROLE OF ADVANCED COMPUTING IN FUTURE WEATHER PREDICTION, World Scientific, 240-250.

MacDonald, A. E. (2001), The wild card in the climate change debate, ISSUES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 17(4), 51-56.

Michalakes, J., S. Chen, J. Dudhia, L. Hart, J. Klemp, J. Middlecoff and W. Skamarock (2001), DEVELOPMENT OF A NEXT-GENERATION REGIONAL WEATHER RESEARCH AND FORECAST MODEL, World Scientific, 269-276.

Browning, G. L., H.-O. Kreiss and W. H. Schubert (2000), The Role of Gravity Waves in Slowly Varying in Time Tropospheric Motions near the Equator, J. Atmos. Sci, 57, 4008-4019.

Grell, G. A., L. Schade, R. Knoche, A. Pfeiffer and J. Egger (2000), Nonhydrostatic climate simulations of precipitation over complex terrain, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 105, 29595-29608.

Lu, C. and Y. Xie (2000), Spatial computational modes in the centered finite-differencing schemes, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128(10), 3674-3682.

Olsen, M., W. Gallus, J. Stanford and J. M. Brown (2000), Fine-scale comparison of TOMS total ozone data with model analysis of an intense Midwestern cyclone, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 105(D16), 20487-20495.

Schlatter, T. W. (2000), Variational assimilation of meteorological observations in the lower atmosphere: a tutorial on how it works, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS, 62(12), 1057-1070.

Zhang, F. and S. Koch (2000), Numerical simulations of a gravity wave event over CCOPE. Part II: Waves generated by an orographic density current, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128(8, Part 1), 2777-2796.

Trexler, C. M. and S. E. Koch (2000), The life cycle of a mesoscale gravity wave as observed by a network of Doppler wind profilers, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128, 2423-2446.

Bernardet, L., L. Grasso, J. Nachamkin and W. Finley (2000), Simulating convective events using a high-resolution mesoscale model, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 105(D11), 14963-14982.

Schwartz, B., S. G. Benjamin, S. Green and M. Jardin (2000), Accuracy of RUC-1 and RUC-2 wind and aircraft trajectory forecasts by comparison with ACARS observations, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 15(3), 313-326.

Lu, C. and G. Browning (2000), Discontinuous forcing generating rough initial conditions in 4DVAR data assimilation, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 57(10), 1646-1656.

Lu, C. and G. Browning (2000), Four-dimensional variational data assimilation for limited-area models: Lateral boundary conditions, solution uniqueness, and numerical convergence, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 57(9), 1341-1353.

Lee, J. L. and A. E. MacDonald (2000), QNH: Mesoscale bounded derivative initialization and winter storm test over complex terrain, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128(4), 1037-1051.

MacDonald, A. E., J. L. Lee and S Sun (2000), QNH: Design and test of a quasi-nonhydrostatic model for mesoscale weather prediction, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128(4), 1016-1036.

Wolfe, D. and S. I. Gutman (2000), Developing an operational, surface-based, GPS, water vapor observing system for NOAA: Network design and results, JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, 17(4), 426-440.

Browning, G., H. Kreiss and D. van deKamp (2000), Comments on "observations of a mesoscale ducted gravity wave", JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 57(4), 595-598.

Collins, W.G., C.H. Paxton and J.H. Golden (2000), The 12 July 1995 Pinellas County, Florida, tornado/waterspout, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 15(1), 122-134.

McCaslin, P., P. McDonald and E. Szoke (2000), 3D visualization development at NOAA Forecast Systems Laboratory, COMPUTER GRAPHICS-US, 34(1), 41-44.

Schlosser, C., A. Slater, A Robock, A. Pitman, K. Vinnikov, A Henderson-Sellers, N. Speranskaya, K Mitchell, P. 2 D Contributors and T. G. Smirnova (2000), Simulations of a boreal grassland hydrology at Valdai, Russia: PILPS phase 2(D), MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 128(2), 301-321.

Smirnova, T. G., J. M. Brown, S. G. Benjamin and D Kim (2000), Parameterization of cold-season processes in the MAPS land-surface scheme, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 105(D3), 4077-4086.

Johnson, L. (2000), Assessment of flash flood warning procedures, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 105(D2), 2299-2313.

Brown, J. M., T. G. Smirnova, S. G. Benjamin, R. Rasmussen, G. Thompson and K. Manning (2000), Use of a mixed-phase microphysics scheme in the operational NCEP Rapid Update Cycle, presented at Ninth Conf. on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, AMS, Orlando, FL, 2000.

Grell, G. A., S Emeis, W. Stockwell, R Schoenemeyer, J Michalakes, R Knoche and W Seidl (2000), Application of a multiscale, coupled MM5/chemistry model to the complex terrain of the VOTALP valley campaign, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 34(9), 1435-1453.

Kloesel, K., K. Crawford, R. McPherson, D. Morris, R. Jesuroga and C. Subramaniam (2000), Leveraging the internet to aid decision making during hazardous weather events, presented at 16th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, 2000.

MacDonald, A. E. and J. L. Lee (2000), The Use of Quasi-Nonhydrostatic Models for Mesoscale Weather Prediction, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2493-2517.

Smith, T. L., S. G. Benjamin, B. E. Schwartz and S. I. Gutman (2000), Using GPS-IPW in a 4-D data assimilation system, Earth Planets Space, 52, 921-926.

Smith, T. L., S. G. Benjamin, B. E. Schwartz and S. I. Gutman (2000), Using GPS-IPW in a 4-D data assimilation system, EARTH PLANETS AND SPACE, 52, 921-926.

Takacs, A., C.M.I.R. Girz, E. I. Tollerud and S. Kertesz (2000), New methods for severe precipitation warning for Hungary, Idojaras, 104, 67-89.

Whiteman, D. N., K.D. Evans, B. Demoz, D. O'C. Starr, D. Tobin, W. Feltz, G. J. Jedlovec, S. I. Gutman, G. K. Schwemmer, M. Cadirola, S. H. Melfi and F. Schmidlin (2000), Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and cirrus clouds during the passage of Hurricane Bonnie, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 106, 5211-5225.

Zhang, F, S. E. Koch, C. Davis and M. Kaplan (2000), A survey of unbalanced flow diagnostics and their application, ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 17(2), 165-183.

Benjamin, S. G., B. E. Schwartz and R. Cole (1999), Accuracy of ACARS wind and temperature observations determined by collocation, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 14(6, Part 2), 1032-1038.

Birkenheuer, D. L. (1999), The effect of using digital satellite imagery in the LAPS moisture analysis, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 14(5), 782-788.

Xie, Y. and R. Byrd (1999), Practical update criteria for reduced hessian SQP: Global analysis, SIAM JOURNAL ON OPTIMIZATION, 9(3), 578-604.

Berbery, E., K. Mitchell, S. G. Benjamin, T. G. Smirnova, R Hogue and E Radeva (1999), Assessment of land-surface energy budgets from regional and global models, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 104(D16), 19329-19348.

Gossard, E., S. I. Gutman, B. Stankov and D. Wolfe (1999), Profiles of radio refractive index and humidity derived from radar wind profilers and the Global Positioning System, RADIO SCIENCE, 34(2), 371-383.

Lusk, C, P Kucera, W. Roberts and L Johnson (1999), The process and methods used to evaluate prototype operational hydrometeorological workstations, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 80(1), 57-65.

Anderson, R., C. Girz, A. E. MacDonald and L. Lachenmeier (1999), GAINS instrumentation, presented at AIAA Int. Balloon Technology Conf., Norfolk, VA, 1999.

Fields, H. L. and J. Mahoney (1999), The use of verification from an operational forecaster's perspective, presented at Eighth Conf. on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, AMS, Dallas, TX, 1999.

Marroquin, A. (1999), Turbulence forecasting algorithms: calibration, comparison, and verification, presented at Eighth Conf. on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, AMS, Dallas, TX, 1999.

Schultz, A. W., T. H. I. Fahey and C. Hartsough (1999), Commercial aviation's thunderstorm forecast product accuracy, presented at Eighth Conf. on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, AMS, Dallas, TX, 1999.

Snook, J. (1998), Comments on "Regional real-time numerical weather prediction: Current status and future potential", BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 79(12), 2747-2748.

Bernardet, L. and W. Cotton (1998), Multiscale evolution of a derecho-producing mesoscale convective system, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 126(11), 2991-3015.

Fang, P, M Bevis, Y Bock, S. I. Gutman and D Wolfe (1998), GPS meteorology: Reducing systematic errors in geodetic estimates for zenith delay, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 25(19), 3583-3586.

Elliott, W., R. Ross and B. E. Schwartz (1998), Effects on climate records of changes in National Weather Service humidity processing procedures, JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 11(9), 2424-2436.

Lu, C. and G. Browning (1998), The impact of observational errors on objective analyses, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 55(10), 1791-1807.

Subramaniam, C and S Kerpedjiev (1998), Dissemination of weather information to emergency managers: A decision support tool, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT, 45(2), 106-114.

Lu, C. and G. Browning (1998), The impact of observational and model errors on four-dimensional variational data assimilation, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 55(6), 995-1011.

Snook, J., P. Stamus, J. Edwards, Z Christidis and J. A. McGinley (1998), Local-domain mesoscale analysis and forecast model support for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 13(1), 138-150.

Johnson, L., P Kucera, C Lusk and W. Roberts (1998), Usability assessments for hydrologic forecasting DSS, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION, 34(1), 43-56.

Blanchard, D., W. Cotton and J. M. Brown (1998), Mesoscale circulation growth under conditions of weak inertial instability, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 126(1), 118-140.

Caracena, F, S. Barnes and A Marroquin (1998), A study of gravity waves generated by convective systems in Eta model forecasts, METEOROLOGY AND ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS, 68(1-2), 13-21.

Johnson, L. E. and B. G. Olsen (1998), Assessment of quantitative precipitation forecasts, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 13, 75-83.

Kadar, B., I. Szunyogh and D. Devenyi (1998), On the origin of model errors: part I - effects of the temporal discretization for Hamiltonian systems, Idojaras, 102, 19-41.

Law, D. C., J. R. Khorrami, W. B. Sessions and M. K. Shanahan (1998), Radiation patterns of a large UHF phased-array antenna: a comparison of measurements using satellite repeaters and patterns derived from measurements of antenna current distributions, IEEE ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 39(5), 88-93.

Wier, S. K., M. Mathewson and T. LeFebvre (1998), Grid editing for the Interactive Forecast Preparation System, presented at 14th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Phoenix, AZ, 1998.

Moninger, W. R., K. Brundage and D. L. Birkenheuer (1997), Presenting Interactive Satellite Image Loops using Java, IDL, Perl, C, and Fortran, presented at Symp. on Water Resources and the World Wide Web, AMS, Seattle, WA, December 5-9.

Smirnova, T., J. Brown and S. Benjamin (1997), Performance of different soil model configurations in simulating ground surface temperature and surface fluxes, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 125(8), 1870-1884.

Montgomery, M. and C. Lu (1997), Free waves on barotropic vortices .1: Eigenmode structure, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 54(14), 1868-1885.

Browning, G. and H. Kreiss (1997), The role of gravity waves in slowly varying in time mesoscale motions, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 54(9), 1166-1184.

Lu, C., P. Ciesielski and W. Schubert (1997), Geostrophic and ageostrophic circulations in midlatitude squall lines, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 54(9), 1218-1230.

Janssen, J. B. and R. J. Clark (1997), The FSL computer network: upgrades and enhancements., presented at 13th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Long Beach, CA, February 2-7.

Bartels, D., J. Brown and E. Tollerud (1997), Structure of a midtropospheric vortex induced by a mesoscale convective system, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 125(2), 193-211.

Kley, D., H. G. J. Smit, H. Vömel, H. Grassl, V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, S. Williams, J. Meywerk and S. J. Oltmans (1997), Tropospheric water-vapor and ozone cross-sections in a zonal plane over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 123(543), 2009-2040, 10.1002/qj.49712354312.

Lee, M-S, Y. Xie and A.E. MacDonald (1997), Numerical experiments for variational data assimilation using shallow water equations model and its adjoint model, J. Korean Meteor. Soc, 33, 609-626.

Marroquin, A. (1997), High Turbulence Event of 10 July 1997., UNSPECIFIED.

Xie, Y. F. (1997), Atmospheric data assimilation based on the reduced Hessian successive quadratic programming algorithm, The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and Its Applications, 92, 195-204.

Albers, S., J. McGinley, D. Birkenheuer and J. Smart (1996), The local analysis and prediction system (LAPS): Analyses of clouds, precipitation, and temperature, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 11(3), 273-287.

Kelsch, M and L Wharton (1996), Comparing PIREPs with NAWAU turbulence and icing forecasts: Issues and results, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 11(3), 385-390.

Rodriguez, B, L Hart and T Henderson (1996), Parallelizing operational weather forecast models for portable and fast execution, JOURNAL OF PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING, 37(2), 159-170.

Schwartz, B (1996), The quantitative use of PIREPs in developing aviation weather guidance products, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 11(3), 372-384.

Slonaker, R., B. Schwartz and W. Emery (1996), Occurrence of nonsurface superadiabatic lapse rates within RAOB data, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 11(3), 350-359.

Xie, Y., G. Browning and G Chesshire (1996), A two-dimensional composite grid numerical model based on the reduced system for oceanography, SIAM JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING, 17(5), 1122-1134.

Schultz, P. and J. S. Snook (1996), Objective verification of mesoscale model precipitation forecasts, presented at 11th Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, AMS, Norfolk, VA, August 19-23.

Liang, Q., L. Johnson and Y. Yu (1996), A comparison of two methods for multiobjective optimization for reservoir operation, WATER RESOURCES BULLETIN, 32(2), 333-340.

Barnes, S., F Caracena and A Marroquin (1996), Extracting synoptic-scale diagnostic information from mesoscale models: The eta model, gravity waves, and quasigeostrophic diagnostics, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 77(3), 519-528.

Dabberdt, W. and T. Schlatter (1996), Research opportunities from emerging atmospheric observing and modeling capabilities, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 77(2), 305-323.

Browning, G. and H. Kreiss (1996), Analysis of periodic updating for systems with multiple timescales, JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 53(2), 335-348.

Birkenheuer, D (1996), Applying satellite gradient moisture information to local-scale water vapor analysis using variational methods, JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY, 35(1), 24-35.

Abramson, B., J. Brown, W. Edwards, A. Murphy and R. L. Winkler (1996), Hailfinder: a bayesian system for forecasting severe weather, Int. J. Forecasting, 12, 57-71, 10.1016/0169-2070(95)00664-8.

Wier, S. K. and J. S. Wakefield (1996), Using Numerical Model Output to Provide Initial Forecasts of Surface Weather for the AFPS, presented at 12th Int. Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, AMS, Atlanta, GA, January 28-February 2.

SCHULTZ, P (1995), AN EXPLICIT CLOUD PHYSICS PARAMETERIZATION FOR OPERATIONAL NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 123(11), 3331-3343.

KERPEDJIEV, S (1995), MODEL-DRIVEN, ASSERTION-BASED GENERATION OF MULTIMEDIA WEATHER INFORMATION, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 76(10), 1791-1800.

LEE, J., G. BROWNING and Y. XIE (1995), ESTIMATING DIVERGENCE AND VORTICITY FROM THE WIND PROFILER NETWORK HOURLY WIND MEASUREMENTS, TELLUS SERIES A-DYNAMIC METEOROLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, 47(5, Part 1), 892-910.

RALPH, F., P. NEIMAN, D. VANDEKAMP and D. LAW (1995), USING SPECTRAL MOMENT DATA FROM NOAAS 404-MHZ RADAR WIND PROFILERS TO OBSERVE PRECIPITATION, BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 76(10), 1717-1739.

ROMERO, R, S ALONSO, E. NICKERSON and C RAMIS (1995), THE INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND STRUCTURE OF MOUNTAIN WAVES, JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY, 34(10), 2230-2242.

SNOOK, J., J. CRAM and J. SCHMIDT (1995), LAPS/RAMS - A NONHYDROSTATIC MESOSCALE NUMERICAL MODELING SYSTEM CONFIGURED FOR OPERATIONAL USE, TELLUS SERIES A-DYNAMIC METEOROLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, 47(5, Part 1), 864-875.

SCHWARTZ, B and S. BENJAMIN (1995), A COMPARISON OF TEMPERATURE AND WIND MEASUREMENTS FROM ACARS-EQUIPPED AIRCRAFT AND RAWINSONDES, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 10(3), 528-544.

BARNES, S. (1995), USE OF MULTIQUADRIC INTERPOLATION FOR METEOROLOGICAL OBJECTIVE ANALYSIS - COMMENT, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 123(7), 2255-2256.

ALBERS, S. (1995), THE LAPS WIND ANALYSIS, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 10(2), 342-352.

MAHONEY, J., J. BROWN and E. TOLLERUD (1995), CONTRASTING METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH WINTER STORMS AT DENVER AND COLORADO-SPRINGS, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 10(2), 245-260.

SNOOK, J. and R. PIELKE (1995), DIAGNOSING A COLORADO HEAVY SNOW EVENT WITH A NONHYDROSTATIC MESOSCALE NUMERICAL-MODEL STRUCTURED FOR OPERATIONAL USE, WEATHER AND FORECASTING, 10(2), 261-285.

GREENHUT, G., A. JOCHUM and B NEININGER (1995), BOUNDARY-LAYER TURBULENT TRANSPORT AND PRODUCTION DESTRUCTION OF OZONE DURING SUMMERTIME SMOG EPISODES OVER THE SWISS PLATEAU, BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY, 73(4), 357-372.

SEGAL, M, R. ARRITT, C CLARK, R RABIN and J BROWN (1995), SCALING EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS ON POTENTIAL FOR DEEP CONVECTION OVER UNIFORM TERRAIN, MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, 123(2), 383-400.

Cess, R. D., M. H. Zhang, P. Minnis, L. Corsetti, E. G. Dutton, B. W. Forgan, D. P. Garber, W. L. Gates, J. J. Hack, E. F. Harrison, X. Jing, J. T. Kiehi, C. N. Long, J. J. Morcrette, G. L. Potter, V. Ramanthan, B. Subasilar, C. H. Whitlock, D. F. Young and Y. Zhou (1995), Absorption of Solar Radiation by Clouds: Observations Versus Models, Science, 267(5197), 496-499, 10.1126/science.267.5197.496.

GREENHUT, G. and S. KHALSA (1995), BULK TRANSFER-COEFFICIENTS AND DISSIPATION-DERIVED FLUXES IN LOW WIND-SPEED CONDITIONS OVER THE WESTERN EQUATORIAL PACIFIC-OCEAN, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, 100(C1), 857-863.

Girz, C.M.I.R. (1995), Issues and plans of the turbulence product development team, presented at Sixth Conf. on Aviation Weather Systems, AMS, Dallas, TX, January.

Benjamin, S. G., T. L. Smith, P. A. Miller, D. Kim, T. W. Schlatter, D. Devenyi, J.-M. Carriere and R. Bleck (1993), Recent developments in the MAPS isentropic-sigma data assimilation system, Idojaras, 97, 121-139.

Benjamin, S. G. (1993), Correspondence of water vapor image features and potential vorticity patterns from an isentropic mesoscale data assimilation system, Annales Geophysicae, 0A11.