FSL in Review 2000 - 2001

Cover/Title Page

Organizational Chart

Message from
the Director

Office of Administration
and Research

Forecast Research

Facility Division

Demonstration Division

Systems Development

Aviation Division

Modernization Division

International Division


Acronyms and Terms


Contact the Editor
Nita Fullerton

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Will von Dauster
John Osborn

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Acronyms and Terms

ACARS ARINC Communications Addressing and Reporting System (supplies automated aircraft reports)
ACDWG Atmospheric Center of Data Working Group
ACG Advanced Computing Group (FSL)
AD Aviation Division (FSL)
ADDS Aviation Digital Data Service
AER AWIPS Enhancement Research
AES Atmospheric Environment Service (Canada)
AFWA U.S. Air Force Weather Agency
AGFS Aviation Gridded Forecast Systems
AGL above ground level
AIDA Archive I Data Analyzer
AIRMET AIRmen METeorological information
AIV Aviation-Impact Variable
AMDAR Aircraft Meteorological DAta Reporting
AMS American Meteorological Society
AMVP Aviation Model Verification Program
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
AP anomalous propagation
APRS Automatic Position Reporting System
ARINC Aeronautical Radio, Inc.
ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (a Department of Energy program)
ARPS Advanced Regional Prediction System
ARRL Amateur Radio Relay League
ARTCC Air Route Traffic Control Centers
ASD Aircraft Situation Display
ASOS Automated Surface Observing System (a National Weather Service system)
ATC Air Traffic Control
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATMS Advanced Traffic Management System
AVARs Aircraft Vertical Accelerometer Reports
AVHRR Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer
AVN Aviation model at NCEP
AWC Aviation Weather Center (National Weather Service)
AWDP Aviation Weather Development Program
AWDS Automated Weather Distribution System
AWGWC Air Force Global Weather Center
AWIPS Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System
AWN Aviation Weather Network
AWRP Aviation Weather Research Program

BDI Bounded Derivative Initialization
BERS Balloon Envelope Recovery System
BLP Boundary Layer Profiler
BSU Beam Steering Unit (component of profiling radar)
BUFR Binary Universal Form

CAG Convective Airspace Guidance
CAPE Convective Available Potential Energy
CAPS Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms
CARDS Comprehensive Aerological Reference Dataset
CART Cloud and Radiation Testbed (a heavily instrumented site in Oklahoma)
CCFP Collaborative Convective Forecast Product
CDE Common Desktop Environment
CD-ROM Compact Disc-Read Only Memory
CERES Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System
CGM Computer Graphics Metafile
CIRA Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO)
CIRES Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO)
CIT Convection-Induced Turbulence
CIn Convective Inhibition
CLIP Compressed Serial Line Internet Protocol
CM Configuration Management
CMA China Meteorological Administration
C-MAN Coastal Marine Automated Network
CMDL Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (one NOAA's 12 research laboratories)
CMIST Configuration Management Integrated Support Tool (developed at FSL)
COADS Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Dataset
COAMPS Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (U.S. Navy's regional weather model)
COMET® Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training (NCAR)
CONUS continental (or conterminous) United States
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CORS Continuously Operating Reference Stations
COSPAS Cosmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov (Russian equivalent of SARSAT)
COTS commercial off-the-shelf software
CSU-RAMS Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System
CWB Central Weather Bureau in Taipei, Taiwan

DAM Data Access Management (object-oriented software)
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DBNet Distributed-Brokered Networking
DCS Direct Connect Service
DCVZ Denver Convergence Vorticity Zone
DD Demonstration Division (FSL)
DDS Domestic Data Service (NWS)
DGPS Differential Global Positioning System
DIFAX Digital facsimile map (a standard circuit of weather information produced by the NWS)
DLT Digital Linear Tape
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (U.S. Air Force)
DMSP SPO DMSP Systems Program Office
DNS Domain Name System
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOT Department of Transportation
DSAT Distributed System Administration Team
DSRS Data Storage and Retrieval System
DTF3 Diagnostic Turbulent Flux algorithm

ECMRWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
EMC Environmental Modeling Center (NCEP)
EMDS Emergency Management Decision Support system (the dissemination component of LDAD)
EOS Earth Observing System
EOSS Edge Of Space Science (amateur radio group)
EOSDIS EOS Data and Information System (the data management component of EOS)
ESDIM Environmental Science Data Integration and Management
Eta model A hydrostatic model that employs the eta vertical coordinate (operational at NCEP)
ETL Environmental Technology Laboratory (one of NOAA's 12 research laboratories)

FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAS Forecaster's Analysis System (workstation at the Korean Meteorological Administration)
FD Facility Division (FSL)
FDDA Four-Dimensional Data Assimilation
FHWA Federal HighWays Administration (Department of Transportation)
FIRE First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Projects Regional Experiment
FRC Front Range Consortium
FRD Forecast Research Division (FSL)
FSL Forecast Systems Laboratory (one of NOAA's 12 research laboratories)
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTSC FSL Technical Steering Committee
FX FSL's X-window workstation
FX-Collaborate An operational prototype of a collaborative X-window workstation forecast system

GAINS Global Air-ocean IN-situ System (shear-directed balloon project at FSL)
GAPP GEWEX American Prediction Project
GCIP GEWEX Continental-scale International Project
GDAS Global Data Assimilation System
GDP Government Development Platforms
GEMPAK General Meteorological Package
GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment
GFE Graphical Forecast Editor
GFS Global Forecast System
GFV Graphical Forecast Viewer
GIMPAP GOES Improved Measurements and Product Assurance Plan
GIS Geographic Information Systems
GLOBE Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment
GLGS GOES Local Groundstation System
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (a NOAA weather satellite)
GIMPAP GOES I-M Product Assurance Plan
GPS Global Positioning System
GPS-CORS Global Positioning System Continuously Operating Reference Stations
GPS-IPW Global Positioning System-Integrated Precipitable Water
GTS Global Telecommunication System
GTS Geophysical Telecommunications Service
GRIB Gridded Binary
GSOS GPS Surface Observing System
GUI Graphical User Interface
GVAR GOES Variable (data)

HADS Hydrometeorological Automated Data System
HARS High-Altitude Route Structure workstation (FAA)
HCSN High-Capacity Satellite Network
HDS High-resolution Data Service
HMS Hungarian Meteorological Service
HPCC High-Performance Computing and Communications
HPCS High-Performance Computer System
HPD Hourly Precipitation Data
HRS High-Resolution Data Service
HSM Hierarchical Storage Management
HTML HyperText Markup Language
http Hypertext Transfer Protocol (the protocol used to create the World Wide Web)

ICWF Interactive Computer Worded Forecast, developed at the NWS Techniques Development Laboratory
IDD Internet Data Distribution (a Unidata software system for distributing real-time data over the Internet)
IDS International Data Service
IFPS Interactive Forecast Preparation System
IFR Instrument Flight Rules
IFS Integrated Forecast System (developed at the European Center for Medium-Range Forecasts)
IIPS International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (an annual AMS conference)
IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol
IMETS Integrated Meteorological System (DOD operational weather system)
IO Input/Output
IP Internet Protocol
IPWV integrated precipitable water vapor
ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Projects
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISP Internet Service Provider
IT Information Transport
ITFA Integrated Turbulence Forecasting Algorithm
IVVS RTVS Interactive Verification and Visualization System

JFSP Joint Forecast System Project
JVNTSC John Volpe National Transportation Systems Center

KMA Korean Meteorological Administration

LAPB Local Analysis and Prediction Branch (FSL)
LAPS Local Analysis and Prediction System (developed at FSL)
LaRC Langley Research Center
LARC Limited Area Remote Collector
LDA Local Data Acquisition
LDAD Local Data Acquisition and Dissemination (a component of AWIPS)
LDM Local Data Management
LDS Loral Defense Systems (formerly Unisys Corporation)

MAB Meteorological Applications Branch (FSL Forecast Research Division)
MADIS Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System (previously called FAME)
MAPS Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System
MAPS/RUC MAPS is the research version of the Rapid Update Cycle, the operational version running at NCEP
Mbps Megabits Per Second
MCC Mesoscale Convective Complex
MCS Mesoscale Convective System
MD Modernization Division (FSL)
MDCRS Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting System
METAR METeorological Aviation Reports
METRI Meteorological Research Institute (part of the Korean Meteorological Administration)
MHR Mile-High Radar
MHz Megahertz (unit of frequency: one million cycles per second)
MM5 Version 5 of the Pennsylvania State/NCAR Mesoscale Model
MM90 The parallelized version of MM5
MPI Message Passing Interface
MPIF Message Passing Interface Forum
MPP Massively Parallel Processor
MRF Medium-Range Forecast (refers to a global prediction model run at NCEP)
MSAS MAPS Surface Analysis System
MSC Multiple Successive Correction
MSS Mass Storage System
MaxTBF maximum time between failure
MTBF mean time between failure

NAOS North American Atmospheric Observing System
NAS National Airspace System
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
N-AWIPS National Centers Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System
NCDC National Climatic Data Center (one of six national centers under NCEP)
NCEP National Centers for Environmental Protection
NCWF National Convective Weather Forecast
NDBC National Data Buoy Center
NEM NWP Explicit Microphysics (model developed at FSL)
NEWS NOAA Earth Watch Service
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (a line office of NOAA)
NetCDF Network Common Data Form
NEXRAD Next-generation Radar
NFS Network File System
NGDC National Geophysical Data Center
NGI Next Generation Internet
NGM Nested Grid Model (a limited-area prediction model run at NCEP)
NGS National Geodetic Survey
NIC Network Interface Card
NIFC National Interagency Fire Center
NIMBUS Networked Information Management client-Based User Service
NNT Nearest Neighbor Tool (developed at FSL)
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S. Department of Commerce)
NOAAPORT Access to NOAA real-time database systems (not an acronym)
NOAASIS NOAA Satellite Information System
NODC National Oceanic Data Center
NSDA National Space Development Agency of Japan
NSF National Science Foundation
NTP Network Time Protocol
NTRANS metacode translator
NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
NWS National Weather Service (a NOAA line office)
NWSFO National Weather Service Forecast Office
NWSTG National Weather Service Telecommunications Gateway

OAR Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (a NOAA line office)
OI optimal interpolation
OPTRAN Optical Test Transmittance model
ORB Object Request Broker (software package)
OSS Observation System Simulation
OSSE Observation System Simulation Experiment
OSPF Open Shortest Path First (routing algorithm)
OT&E Operational Test and Evaluation

PACE Prototyping Aviation Collaboration Effort (FAA project)
PACJET Pacific Landfalling Jets Experiment
PACS Pan-American Climate Studies
PCC Profiler Control Center (FSL)
PCMS Process and Change Management System
PDAM Point Data Access and Management
PDT Product Development Team
Perl Practical Extraction and Report Language
PHIGS Portable Hierarchical Image and Graphic Standard
PIREPs pilot reports
POES Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite
POSIX Portable Operating System Interface for Computer Environments
PPO Profiler Program Office (at FSL)
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PPP Parallelizing PreProcessor
PPS Public Products Service (one of the NWS Family of Services)
PRC, Inc. Also called Litton PRC, Inc. (AWIPS contractor)
PSOS Profiler Surface Observing System
PUP Principal User Position workstation
PWV precipitable water vapor

QCMS Quality Control Monitoring System
QG Quasi-Geostrophic Analysis
QNH Quasi-nonhydrostatic model

RAID Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
RAMS Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (developed at the Colorado State University)
RAOB radiosonde observation
RAPB Regional Analysis and Prediction Branch (within the Forecast Research Division of FSL)
RASS Radio Acoustic Sounding System
RAWS Remote Automated Weather System
RCM WSR-88D Radar Coded Message
RDAM Radar Data Access and Management format
RFC River Forecast Center
RIDDS Radar Interface and Data Distribution System
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RNR Regional Nature Run
ROA remotely operated aircraft
ROMS Regional Ocean Modeling System
RPG Radar Product Generator
RPS Routine Product Set
RSA Range Standardization and Automation project - a weather system at the U.S. Space Center
RSAS Rapid Update Cycle Surface Assimilation System
RTTOV Radiative Transfer (RT) model for Television Infrared Orbiting Satellite (TIROS) Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS)
RTVS Real-Time Verification System (developed in FSL's Aviation Division)
RUC Rapid Update Cycle (an FSL-developed numerical weather prediction model running operationally at NCEP)
RUC-2 Version 2 of the Rapid Update Cycle model (operational at NCEP)

SAO Surface Aviation Observation
SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking System
SSEC Space Science and Engineering Center (University of Wisconsin)
SDAM Satellite Data Access and Management format
SDBE Shear-Directed Balloon Experiment
SDD Systems Development Division (FSL)
SDHS Satellite Data Handling System
SDM Scientific Data Management
SGI Silicon Graphics, Inc.
SHREF Short-Range Ensemble Forecast
SIGMET Significant Meteorological Information
SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMS Scalable Modeling System (developed at FSL)
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOEST School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (University of Hawaii)
SOO/SAC Science and Operations Officer/Scientific Applications Computer
SOPAC Scripps Orbit and Permanent Array Center
SREF Short-Range Ensemble Forecast project
SRS Scalable Runtime System (component of the Scalable Modeling System)
SST Scalable Spectral Tool (component of the Scalable Modeling System)
SWE snow-water equivalent

TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDL Techniques Development Laboratory (NWS headquarters)
TDWR Terminal Doppler Weather Radar
TFS Typhoon Forecast System (model at the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan)
3DVAR Three-Dimensional Variational system
TIP TIROS Information Processor
TIROS Television and Infrared Operational Satellite
TKE Turbulent Kinetic Energy
T-LAPS Terminal LAPS
TMD Thailand Meteorological Department
TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
TSC Technical Steering Committee (FSL)

UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
UEDS Unidata Experimental Data Service (under UCAR)
UNAVCO University NAVSTAR [not an acronym] Consortium (UCAR Office of Programs)
Unix or UNIX (not an acronym) A computer operating system.
URL Universal Resource Locater
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
USACE United States Army Corps of Engineers
USCG United States Coast Guard
UTC Coordinated Universal Time

VAD Velocity Azimuth Display
VAFB Vandenberg Air Force Base (in California)
VAS VISSR Atmospheric Sounder
VHF very high frequency
VIL Vertically Integrated Liquid
VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer
VMS Virtual Memory Systems
VNTSC Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (FAA)

WFO Weather Forecast Office
WFO-Advanced The core software of AWIPS (developed at FSL)
W4 WorldWide Weather Workstation
WINS Weather Information and Nowcasting System (model at the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan)
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WPM Well-Posed Model (developed at FSL)
WPPP Wind Profiler Processing Platform
WRF Weather Research and Forecast model
WSO Weather Service Office
WSR-88D Weather Surveillance Radar
WSR99 NOAA's 1999 Winter Storm Reconnaissance program
WVIOP Water Vapor Intensive Observing Period

ZTD Zenith Tropospheric Signal Delay

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