ESRL Global Systems Division

GSD Science Handouts

GSD Handout

What Does The Global Systems Division Do For The Nation?

The Global Systems Division (GSD) of the Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) conducts research and development for products ranging from short-term local weather predictions to longer-term global climate forecasts.

  GSD's Virtualization Program Handout

GSD Server Virtualization

The Earth System Research Laboratory/Global Systems Division (GSD) has a robust Server Virtualization program which began in 2011.

High Resolution Rapid Refresh Handout

High-Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR)

The HRRR weather prediction system merges weather prediction science and high performance computing technology with a breakthrough technique for using radar data to achieve a new standard for up-to-the-minute weather forecasting.

  Fire Weather Handout

Fire Weather Research

GSD works to advance fire weather research using data, modeling, decision support systems, and joint research, planning, and execution. This provides many benefits, improving fire fighter operations.

Rapid Refresh Handout

Rapid Refresh (RAP)

An hourly updated weather forecast model/assimilation system that replaced the Rapid Updated Cycle (RUC) at NCEP as NOAA's hourly updated model in May 2012

  IHIS Flyer

Hazard Services Project

One component of the National Weather Service's (NWS) AWIPS II extended effort is the Hazard Services Project. Hazard Services will integrate National Weather Service Hazard Tools
• One common interface and process
• Preserves efficiency of existing applications
• Minimizes training

Non-hydrostatic Icosahedral Model (NIM) Handout

Non-hydrostatic Icosahedral Model (NIM)

The NIM is a next-generation global non-hydrostatic atmospheric model being developed to improve all aspects of NOAA’s global mission. Specifically, it is designed to improve weather prediction for all latitudes including tropical regions.

  NextGen Handout

GSD and NextGen

The Global Systems Division (GSD) is developing state-of-theart weather forecasts, verification tools, and information technology services for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) in order to increase the efficiency of the nation’s airspace while maintaining high levels of safety.

FIQAS Handout

Forecast Impact and Quality Assessment Section (FIQAS)

The Forecast Impact and Quality Assessment Section (FIQAS) of GSD’s Evaluation and Decision Support Branch uses innovative and rigorous research to pr ovide operational agencies with information and technologies to improve the accura cy, quality, and utility of weather information for critical decision point s, thus improving services to the public.

  SOS Handout

NOAA's Science On a Sphere®

NOAA's Science On a Sphere® uses high-speed computers, projectors, and advanced imaging techniques to create the illusion of a planet, the Sun, a moon, or any other celestial body rotating in space on which weather and other geophysical data can also be shown.

GPSMet Handout

Ground-Based GPS Meteorology

Ground-Based Global Positioning System Meteorology (GPS-Met) measures water vapor in the troposphere, monitors total electron content (TEC) of the ionosphere, and provides low-cost, high-accuracy data under all weather conditions.

  SOS Q & A

Science on a Sphere® Q & A

SOS is a globe that shows dynamic animated images of the atmosphere, oceans, and land of a planet. Many displays are possible, limited only by the imagination.

FX-Net Handout Image


FX-Net is a Java application that provides access to the basic display capability of an AWIPS weather forecasting workstation via the Internet. The AWIPS workstation user interface is emulated very closely. Bandwidth limitations are addressed by using new data compression techniques along with multithreaded client-side processing and communication.

  SOS Users Collaborative Network

SOS Users Collaborative Network

There are currently exhibits featuring SOS at museums and science centers throughout the United States, and the number of these exhibits continues to grow. More than 25 million people per year view SOS.

Gridded FX-Net Handout

Gridded FX-Net

The Gridded FX‐Net System combines state‐of‐the‐art data delivery technology, while leveraging existing technology, to deliver high‐resolution, gridded model data and bit‐map imagery, while minimizing bandwidth consumption and maximizing data throughput

  Image of SOS science handout

Education and Learning using Science on a Sphere®

The NOAA Office of Education and the Institute for Learning Innovation conducted a cross-site summative evaluation of Science On a Sphere®.

Image of NEIS science handout

NOAA Earth Information Services (NEIS)

NOAA Earth Information Services (NEIS) is a framework of layered services designed to help NOAA's mission areas by facilitating the discovery, access, integration, and understanding of all NOAA data (past, present, and future).

  SOS Locations

Global Locations of Science On a Sphere®

Installations of NOAA's Science On a Sphere are not limited to the U.S. This list contains all of the locations of installations all over the world.

FIM Handout Image

Flow-Following Finite Volume Icosahedral Model (FIM)

A new computational design for a global icosahedral model has been developed at the Global Systems Division of NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL): “Flow-Following – Finite Volume Icosahedral Model”, known as the FIM.

  SOS Explore Handout

SOS® Explorer

A desktop-based version of Science On a Sphere®, SOS Explorer, helps bring the SOS® experience into classrooms and homes. SOS Explorer builds upon SOS exhibits with many of the same datasets, but allows users to explore the data in ways that are not possible in an exhibit setting.

Image of GEOSS science handout

Design of Cost-Effective Future Observing Systems (GEOSS)

An important part of GEOSS is aimed at monitoring atmospheric, oceanic, and land surface conditions in support of weather and climate prediction. Designing improved and cost-effective future observing systems is a challenge as these systems often serve multiple users.

  GPU Handout

High-Performance Supercomputers and Facilities

To improve accuracy and timeliness of predictions, there is an ever increasing volume of complex data and equations that need to be processed. ESRL/GSD is one of NOAA’s three locations that host R&D high performance computing systems which are shared by the entire NOAA user community.

GPU Handout

Next Generation of High-Performance Computing - GPUs

New regional and global models are being developed that will require over 200,000 computer-processing units (CPUs) in order to improve prediction of hurricanes, and other severe weather events. NOAA researchers are exploring cutting-edge, high-performance computer architectures to handle these enormous computational demands.

  Terraviz Handout image

TerraViz - Data Visualization System

Terraviz allows fluid interation across time and space, providing a tool for exploring NOAA's vast collection of information.

LAPS Handout Image

Local Analysis and Prediction System (LAPS)

The Local Analysis and Prediction System (LAPS) is a Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) tool that provides a detailed description of the current and imminent local high impact weather conditions.

  GOSA Handout Image

Global Observing Systems Analysis (GOSA)

GOSA's mission is to maximize and optimize the uses of current and future global observations to improve numerical weather prediction forecast skill in NOAA's models.

MADIS Handout

MADIS – The Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System

The goal of MADIS is to provide a more usable, complete, accurate, timely and higher density observational infrastructure for use in local weather warnings and products, numerical weather prediction, and use by the greater meteorolgy community.