Atmospheric CO2 Observations from Space (ACOS): Preliminary Results from Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite (GOSAT) Data Analysis
D. Crisp and The ACOS Team
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109; 818-687-9939, E-mail: David.Crisp@jpl.nasa.gov
The NASA Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) and Japanese GOSAT teams formed a close partnership during the development phases of these two missions. The objectives of this collaboration were to cross calibrate the OCO and GOSAT Thermal and Near Infrared Sensor for Carbon Observatories (TANSO) Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) measurements, and to cross validate the OCO and GOSAT CO2 retrievals against common reference standards to facilitate the joint use of these two data sets in studies of the carbon cycle. After the loss of the OCO spacecraft, NASA reformulated the OCO science team as the ACOS team to (i) meet the NASA’s obligations to its GOSAT partners, (ii) recover some of the science knowledge expected from OCO, and (iii) validate the OCO retrieval algorithms in a realistic operational environment. This final objective took on greater significance when the U.S. Congress authorized a restart of the OCO project and the President’s 2010 budget proposal included funding to produce a “carbon copy” of OCO that could be ready for launch by February 2013.
The GOSAT and ACOS teams conducted their first joint vicarious calibration campaign in Railroad Valley, Nevada from 23 Jun – 6 Jul, 2009. Results from this experiment and the subsequent coordinated over-flights of Railroad Valley with the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer instrument on the NASA ER2 on 10/9/2010 are being used to track changes in the radiometric calibration of the GOSAT TANSO-FTS instrument. The ACOS and GOSAT teams are validating GOSAT XCO2 retrievals with near-simultaneous measurements from the Total Column Carbon Observing Network (TCCON) measurement. While these comparisons still show biases, the amplitude of these biases are decreasing steadily over time as the retrieval algorithms improve. The standard deviations of the ACOS XCO2 estimates are now approaching the GOSAT accuracy requirement of 1% (~4 ppm) on regional scales. Ongoing investigations of spatially invariant spectroscopic residuals in the GOSAT retrievals are providing insights into the systematic errors that must be addressed to meet the much more stringent 0.3% (1ppm) regional scale uncertainties for OCO-2.