Papers (Publications)

CalNex research published or in press by participating scientists. This list is subject to change and updated as information becomes available. Refer to our Google Docs list for papers in preparation and submitted, and focus groups to facilitate collaborations.

Overview paper: Ryerson, T.B., et al., The 2010 California Research at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change (CalNex) field study, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 5830-5866, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50331, 2013.

Adachi, K., and P. R. Buseck, Changes of ns-soot mixing states and shapes in an urban area during CalNex, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 3723-3730, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50321, 2013.

Ahim, L., et al., Formation and growth of ultrafine particles from secondary sources in Bakersfield, California, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V08, doi:10.1029/2011JD017144, 2012.

Alier, M., M. Dall Osto, Y.-H. Lin, J. D. Surratt, R. Tauler, J. O. Grimalt, B. L. van Drooge, On the origin of water-soluble organic tracer compounds in fine aerosols in two cities: the case of Los Angeles and Barcelona, Environ. Sci. Pollution Res., doi:10.1007/s11356-013-2460-9, 2014.

Angevine, W. M., L. Eddington, K. Durkee, C. Fairall, L. Bianco, J. Brioude, Meteorological Model Evaluation for CalNex 2010, Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 3885-3906, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00042.1, 2012.

Angevine, W. M., et al., Pollutant transport among California regions, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 6750-6763, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50490, 2013.

Bahreini, R., et al., Gasoline emissions dominate over diesel in formation of secondary organic aerosol mass, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L06805, doi:10.1029/2011GL050718, 2012.

Baidar, S., R. Volkamer, R. Alvarez, A. Brewer, F. Davies, A. Langford, H. Oetjen, G. Pearson, C. Senff, R. M. Hardesty, Combining Active and Passive Airborne Remote Sensing to Quantify NO2 and Ox Production near Bakersfield, CA, Brit. Jour. Environ. and Climate Change, 3(4), 566-586, doi:10.9734/BJECC/2013/5740, 2013.

Baker, K.R., C. Misenis, M. D. Obland, R. A. Ferrare, A. J. Scarino, J. T. Kelly, Evaluation of surface and upper air fine scale WRF meteorological modeling of the May and June 2010 CalNex period in California, Atmos. Environ., 80, 299–309, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.08.006, 2013.

Barletta, B., et al., Emission estimates of HCFCs and HFCs in California from the 2010 CalNex study, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2019-2030, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50209, 2013.

Bates, T. S., et al., Measurements of ocean derived aerosol off the coast of California, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V15, doi:10.1029/2012JD017588, 2012.

Bei, N., et al., Meteorological overview and plume transport patterns during Cal-Mex 2010, Atmos. Environ., 70, 477-489, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.01.065, 2013.

Bertram, T. H., Kimmel, J. R., Crisp, T. A., Ryder, O. S., Yatavelli, R. L. N., Thornton, J. A., Cubison, M. J., Gonin, M., Worsnop, D. R. A field-deployable, chemical ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1471-1479, doi:10.5194/amt-4-1471-2011, 2011.

Borbon, A., et al., Emission ratios of anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in northern mid-latitude megacities: Observations versus emission inventories in Los Angeles and Paris, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2041-2057, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50059, 2013.

Brioude, J., et al., Top-down estimate of surface flux in the Los Angeles Basin using a mesoscale inverse modeling technique: assessing anthropogenic emissions of CO, NOx and CO2 and their impacts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3661-3677, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3661-2013, 2013.

Cahill, J.F., K. Suski, J.H. Seinfeld, R.A. Zaveri, K.A. Prather, The mixing state of carbonaceous aerosol particles in northern and southern California measured during CARES and CalNex 2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10989-11002, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10989-2012, 2012.

Cappa, C.D., et al., Radiative Absorption Enhancements Due to the Mixing State of Atmospheric Black Carbon, Science, 337(6098), 1078-1081, doi:10.1126/science.1223447, 2012.

Chan, A. W. H., et al., Detailed chemical characterization of unresolved complex mixtures in atmospheric organics: Insights into emission sources, atmospheric processing, and secondary organic aerosol formation, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 6783-6796, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50533, 2013.

Commane, R., et al., Carbonyl sulfide in the planetary boundary layer: Coastal and continental influences, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8001-8009, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50581, 2013.

Cooper, O. R., et al., Measurement of western U.S. baseline ozone from the surface to the tropopause and assessment of downwind impact regions, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00V03, doi:10.1029/2011JD016095, 2011.

deGouw, J. A., et al., Increasing atmospheric burden of ethanol in the United States, Geophys. Res. Lett, 39, L15803, doi:10.1029/2012GL052109, 2012.

Duong, H. T., A. Sorooshian, J. S. Craven, S. P. Hersey, A. R. Metcalf, X. Zhang, R. J. Weber, H. Jonsson, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, Water-soluble organic aerosol in the Los Angeles Basin and outflow regions: Airborne and ground measurements during the 2010 CalNex field campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00V04, doi:10.1029/2011JD016674, 2011.

Ensberg, J. J., et al., Inorganic and black carbon aerosols in the Los Angeles Basin during CalNex, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 1777-1803, doi:10.1029/2012JD018136, 2013.

Ensberg, J. J., Hayes, P. L., Jimenez, J. L., Gilman, J. B., Kuster, W. C., de Gouw, J. A., Holloway, J. S., Seinfeld, J. H., Emission Factor Ratios, SOA Mass Yields, and the Impact of Vehicular Emissions on SOA Formation, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 27779-27810, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-27779-2013, 2013.

Gaston, C. J., P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, J. B. Gilman, D. M. Bon, W. C. Kuster, K. A. Prather, The impact of shipping, agricultural, and urban emissions on single particle chemistry observed aboard the R/V Atlantis during CalNex, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 5003-5017, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50427, 2013.

Gentner, D.R., et al., Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of organic carbon emissions, PNAS, 109(45), 18318-18323, doi:10.1073/pnas.1212272109, 2012.

Gentner, D. R., Ford, T. B., Guha, A., Boulanger, K., Brioude, J., Angevine, W. M., de Gouw, J. A., Warneke, C., Gilman, J. B., Ryerson, T. B., Peischl, J., Meinardi, S., Blake, D. R., Atlas, E., Lonneman, W. A., Kleindienst, T. E., Beaver, M. R., Clair, J. M. St., Wennberg, P. O., VandenBoer, T. C., Markovic, M. Z., Murphy, J. G., Harley, R. A., and Goldstein, A. H., Emissions of organic carbon and methane from petroleum and dairy operations in California’s San Joaquin Valley, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 28225–28278, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-28225-2013, 2013.

Gentner, D. R., Orme&tilden;o, E., Fares, S., Ford, T. B., Weber, R., Park, J.-H., Brioude, J., Angevine, W. M., Karlik, J. F., and Goldstein, A. H., Emissions of terpenoids, benzenoids, and other biogenic gas-phase organic compounds from agricultural crops and their potential implications for air quality, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 28343–28393, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-28343-2013, 2013.

Hayes, P. L., et al., Organic aerosol composition and sources in Pasadena, California, during the 2010 CalNex campaign, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 9233-9257, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50530, 2013.

Hersey, S. P, et al., Composition and hygroscopicity of the Los Angeles Aerosol: CalNex, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 3016-3036, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50307, 2013.

Huang, M., K. W. Bowman, G. R. Carmichael, R. Bradley Pierce, H. M. Worden, M. Luo, O. R. Cooper, I. B. Pollack, T. B. Ryerson, S. S. Brown, Impact of Southern California anthropogenic emissions on ozone pollution in the mountain states: Model analysis and observational evidence from space, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 12784-12803, doi:0.1002/2013JD020205, 2013.

Knote, C., Hodzic, A., Jimenez, J. L., Volkamer, R., Orlando, J. J., Baidar, S., Brioude, J., Fast, J., Gentner, D. R., Goldstein, A. H., Hayes, P. L., Knighton, W. B., Oetjen, H., Setyan, A., Stark, H., Thalman, R., Tyndall, G., Washenfelder, R., Waxman, E., Zhang, Q., Simulation of semi-explicit mechanisms of SOA formation from glyoxal in a 3-D model, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 26699–26759, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-26699-2013, 2013.

Kovalev, Vladimir A., Alexander Petkov, Cyle Wold, Wei Min Hao, Lidar monitoring of regions of intense backscatter with poorly defined boundaries, Applied Optics, 50(1), 103-109, doi:10.1364/AO.50.000103, 2011.

Lack, Daniel A., Mathews S. Richardson, Daniel Law, Justin M. Langridge, Christopher D. Cappa, Richard J. McLaughlin, Daniel M. Murphy, Aircraft Instrument for Comprehensive Characterization of Aerosol Optical Properties, Part 2: Black and Brown Carbon Absorption and Absorption Enhancement Measured with Photo Acoustic Spectroscopy, Aerosol Sci. and Tech., 46(5), 555-568, doi:10.1080/02786826.2011.645955, 2012.

Lack, D. A., et al., Impact of Fuel Quality Regulation and Speed Reductions on Shipping Emissions: Implications for Climate and Air Quality, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45(20), 9052-9060, doi:10.1021/es2013424, 2011.

Lance, Sara, Coincidence Errors in a Cloud Droplet Probe (CDP) and a Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer (CAS), and the Improved Performance of a Modified CDP, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 29, 1532-1541, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00208.1, 2012.

Langford, A. O., C. J. Senff, R. J. Alvarez II, R. M. Banta, R. M. Hardesty, Long-range transport of ozone from the Los Angeles Basin: A case study, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L06807, doi:10.1029/2010GL042507, 2010.

Langford, A. O., J. Brioude, O. R. Cooper, C. J. Senff, R. J. Alvarez II, R. M. Hardesty, B. J. Johnson, S. J. Oltmans, Stratospheric influence on surface ozone in the Los Angeles area during late spring and early summer of 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V06, doi:10.1029/2011JD016766, 2011.

Langridge, Justin M., Mathews S. Richardson, Daniel Lack, Daniel Law, Daniel M. Murphy, Aircraft instrument for comprehensive characterization of aerosol optical properties, part 1: wavelength-dependent optical extinction and its relative humidity dependence measured using cavity ringdown spectroscopy, Aerosol Science and Technology, 45(11), 1305-1318, doi:10.1080/02786826.2011.592745, 2011.

Langridge, J. M., et al., Evolution of aerosol properties impacting visibility and direct climate forcing in an ammonia-rich urban environment, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V11, doi:10.1029/2011JD017116, 2012.

LeBlanc, S. E., K. S. Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, J. Redemann, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, J. M. Langridge, D. A. Lack, Spectral aerosol direct radiative forcing from airborne radiative measurements during CalNex and ARCTAS, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V20, doi:10.1029/2012JD018106, 2012.

Lin, M., et al., Transport of Asian ozone pollution into surface air over the western United States in spring, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V07, doi:10.1029/2011JD016961, 2012.

Lin, M., A. M. Fiore, O. R. Cooper, L. W. Horowitz, A. O. Langford, H. Levy II, B. J. Johnson, V. Naik, S. J. Oltmans, C. J. Senff, Springtime high surface ozone events over the western United States: Quantifying the role of stratospheric intrusions, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V22, doi:10.1029/2012JD018151, 2012.

Liu, J., et al., On the gas-particle partitioning of soluble organic aerosol in two urban atmospheres with contrasting emissions: 2. Gas and particle phase formic acid, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V21, doi:10.1029/2012JD017912, 2012.

Liu, S., et al., Secondary organic aerosol formation from fossil fuel sources contribute majority of summertime organic mass at Bakersfield, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V26, doi:10.1029/2012JD018170, 2012.

Liu, S., L. M. Russell, D. T. Sueper, T. B. Onasch, Organic particle types by single-particle measurements using a time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer coupled with a light scattering module, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 5, 3047-3077, doi:10.5194/amtd-5-3047-2012, 2012.

McBride, P. J., K. S. Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, A. Walther, A. K. Heidinger, D. E. Wolfe, C. W. Fairall, S. Lance, CalNex cloud properties retrieved from a ship-based spectrometer and comparisons with satellite and aircraft retrieved cloud properties, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V23, doi:10.1029/2012JD017624, 2012.

McDonald, B.C., T.R. Dallmann, E.W. Martin, R.A. Harley, Long-term trends in nitrogen oxide emissions from motor vehicles at national, state, and air basin scales, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V18, doi:10.1029/2012JD018304, 2012.

Mei, F., P. L. Hayes, A. Ortega, J. W. Taylor, J. D. Allan, J. Gilman, W. Kuster, J. de Gouw, J. L. Jimenez, J. Wang, Droplet activation properties of organic aerosols observed at an urban site during CalNex-LA, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2903-2917, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50285, 2013.

Metcalf, A. R., J. S. Craven, J. J. Ensberg, J. Brioude, W. Angevine, A. Sorooshian, H. T. Duong, H. H. Jonsson, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, Black carbon aerosol over the Los Angeles Basin during CalNex, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V13, doi:10.1029/2011JD017255, 2012.

Mielke, L. H., et al., Heterogeneous formation of nitryl chloride and its role as a nocturnal NOx reservoir species during CalNex-LA 2010, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 10638-10652, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50783, 2013.

Moore, R. H., K. Cerully, R. Bahreini, C. A. Brock, A. M. Middlebrook, A. Nenes, Hygroscopicity and composition of California CCN during summer 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V12, doi:10.1029/2011JD017352, 2012.

Neuman, J. A., et al., Observations of ozone transport from the free troposphere to the Los Angeles basin, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V09, doi:10.1029/2011JD016919, 2012.

Newman, S., Jeong, S., Fischer, M. L., Xu, X., Haman, C. L., Lefer, B., Alvarez, S., Rappenglueck, B., Kort, E. A., Andrews, A. E., Peischl, J., Gurney, K. R., Miller, C. E., Yung, Y. L., Diurnal tracking of anthropogenic CO2 emissions in the Los Angeles basin megacity during spring, 2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 4359-4372, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4359-2013, 2013.

Nowak, J. B., J. A. Neuman, R. Bahreini, A. M. Middlebrook, J. S. S. Holloway, S. A. McKeen, D. D. D. Parrish, T. B. B. Ryerson, M. K. Trainer, Ammonia sources in the California South Coast Air Basin and their impact on ammonium nitrate formation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L07804, doi:10.1029/2012GL051197, 2012.

O'Brien, Rachel E., Alexander Laskin, Julia Laskin, Shang Liu, Robin Weber, Lynn M. Russell, Allen H. Goldstein, Molecular characterization of organic aerosol using nanospray desorption/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: CalNex 2010 field study, Atmospheric Environment, 68, 265-272, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.11.056, 2013.

O'Brien R. E., T. B. Nguyen, A. Laskin, J. Laskin, P. L. Hayes, S. Liu, J. L. Jimenez, L. M. Russell, S. A. Nizkorodov, A. H. Goldstein, Probing Molecular Associations of Field-Collected and Laboratory-Generated SOA with Nano-DESI High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118(2), doi:10.1002/jgrd.50119, 2013.

Oetjen, H., S. Baidar, N. A. Krotkov, L. N. Lamsal, M. Lechner, R. Volkamer, Airborne MAX-DOAS measurements over California: Testing the NASA OMI tropospheric NO2 product, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 7400-7413, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50550, 2013.

Olson, C. N. et al., Hydroxycarboxylic Acid-Derived Organosulfates: Synthesis, Stability, and Quantification in Ambient Aerosol, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45(15), 6468-6474, doi:10.1021/es201039p, 2011.

Peischl, J., et al., Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V25, doi:10.1029/2012JD017994, 2012.

Peischl, J., et al., Quantifying sources of methane using light alkanes in the Los Angeles basin, California, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 4974-4990, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50413, 2013.

Pennington, M. R. R., J. P. P. Klems, B. R. R. Bzdek, M. V. V. Johnston, Nanoparticle Chemical Composition and Diurnal Dependence at the CalNex Los Angeles Ground Site, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V10, doi:10.1029/2011JD017061, 2012.

Pollack, I. B., T. B. Ryerson, M. Trainer, J. A. Neuman, J. M. Roberts, D. D. Parrish, Trends in ozone, its precursors, and related secondary oxidation products in Los Angeles, California: A synthesis of measurements from 1960 to 2010, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 5893-5911, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50472, 2013.

Pollack, I. B., et al., Airborne and ground-based observations of a weekend effect in ozone, precursors, and oxidation products in the California South Coast Air Basin, J. Geophys. Res., 17, D00V05, doi:10.1029/2011JD016772, 2012.

Pusede, S. E. and R. C. Cohen, On the observed response of ozone to NOx and VOC reactivity reductions in San Joaquin Valley California 1995–present, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 8323-8339, doi:10.5194/acp-12-8323-2012, 2012.

Pusede, S. E., Gentner, D. R., Wooldridge, P. J., Browne, E. C., Rollins, A. W., Min, K.-E., Russell, A. R., Thomas, J., Zhang, L., Brune, W. H., Henry, S. B., DiGangi, J. P., Keutsch, F. N., Harrold, S. A., Thornton, J. A., Beaver, M. R., St. Clair, J. M., Wennberg, P. O., Sanders, J., Ren, X., VandenBoer, T. C., Markovic, M. Z., Guha, A., Weber, R., Goldstein, A. H., Cohen, R. C., On the temperature dependence of organic reactivity, ozone production, and the impact of emissions controls in San Joaquin Valley California, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disscuss., 13, 28511-28560, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-28511-2013, 2013.

Ren, X., Sanders, J. E., Rajendran, A., Weber, R. J., Goldstein, A. H., Pusede, S. E., Browne, E. C., Min, K.-E., Cohen, R. C., A relaxed eddy accumulation system for measuring vertical fluxes of nitrous acid, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 2093-2103, doi:10.5194/amt-4-2093-2011, 2011.

Riedel, T.P., et al., Nitryl Chloride and Molecular Chlorine in the Coastal Marine Boundary Layer, Environ. Sci. Technol., 46(19), 10463-10470, doi:10.1021/es204632r, 2012.

Rollins, A. W., E. C. Browne, K.-E. Min, S. E. Pusede, P. J. Wooldridge, D. R. Gentner, A. H. Goldstein, S. Liu, D. A. Day, L. M. Russell, R. C. Cohen, Evidence for NOx Control over Nighttime SOA Formation, Science, 337(6099), 1210-1212, doi:10.1126/science.1221520, 2012.

Rollins, A. W., et al., Gas/particle partitioning of total alkyl nitrates observed with TD-LIF in Bakersfield, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 6651-6662, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50522, 2013.

Shores, C.A., M.E. Klapmeyer, M.E. Quadros, L.C. Marr, Sources and transport of black carbon at the California–Mexico border, Atmospheric Environment, 70, 490-499, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.04.031, 2013.

Stark H., S. S. Brown, K. W. Wong, J. Stutz, C. D. Elvidge, I. B. Pollack, T. B. Ryerson, W. P. Dube, N. L. Wagner, D. D. Parrish, Influence of City Lights on Atmospheric Chemistry, Nature Geoscience, 4, 730-731, doi:10.1038/ngeo1300, 2011.

Takahama, S., A. Johnson, J. Guzman Morales, L.M. Russell, R. Duran, G. Rodriguez, J. Zheng, R. Zhang, D. Toom-Sauntry, W.R. Leaitch, Submicron organic aerosol in Tijuana, Mexico, from local and Southern California sources during the CalMex campaign, Atmospheric Environment, 70, 500-512, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.07.057, 2013.

Thompson, Jonathan E., Patrick L. Hayes, Jose L. Jimenez, Kouji Adachi, Xiaolu Zhang, Jiumeng Liu, Rodney J. Weber, Peter R. Buseck, Aerosol Optical Properties at Pasadena, CA During CalNex 2010, Atmospheric Environment, 55, 190-200, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.011, 2012.

Veres, P. R., et al., Evidence of rapid production of organic acids in an urban air mass, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L17807, doi:10.1029/2011GL048420, 2011.

Vicars, W. C., et al., Spatial and diurnal variability in reactive nitrogen oxide chemistry as reflected in the isotopic composition of atmospheric nitrate: Results from the CalNex 2010 field study, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 10567-10588, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50680, 2013.

Wagner, N. L., et al., The sea breeze/land breeze circulation in Los Angeles and its influence on nitryl chloride production in this region, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V24, doi:10.1029/2012JD017810, 2012.

Wang, B., A. Laskin, T. Roedel, M. K. Gilles, R. C. Moffet, A. V. Tivanski, D. A. Knopf, Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by field-collected atmospheric particles below 273 K, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V19, doi:10.1029/2012JD017446, 2012.

Warneke, C., Veres, P., Holloway, J. S., Stutz, J., Tsai, C., Alvarez, S., Rappenglueck, B., Fehsenfeld, F. C., Graus, M., Gilman, J. B., de Gouw, J. A., Airborne formaldehyde measurements using PTR-MS: calibration, humidity dependence, inter-comparison and initial results, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 4, 4631-4665, doi:10.5194/amtd-4-4631-2011, 2011.

Warneke, C., J. A. deGouw, J. S. Holloway, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, E. Atlas, D. Blake, M. Trainer, D. D. Parrish, Multiyear trends in volatile organic compounds in Los Angeles, California: Five decades of decreasing emissions, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V17, doi:10.1029/2012JD017899, 2012.

Warneke, C., et al., Photochemical aging of volatile organic compounds in the Los Angeles basin: Weekday-weekend effect, J. Geophys. Res., 18, 5018-5028, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50423, 2013.

Washenfelder, R. A., et al., The glyoxal budget and its contribution to organic aerosol for Los Angeles, California, during CalNex 2010, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00V02, doi:10.1029/2011JD016314, 2011.

Weiss-Penzias, P. S., E. J. Williams, B. M. Lerner, T. S. Bates, C. Gaston, K. Prather, A. Vlasenko, S. M. Li, Shipboard measurements of gaseous elemental mercury along the coast of Central and Southern California, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 208-219, doi:10.1029/2012JD018463, 2013.

Wennberg, P.O., et al., On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere, Environ. Sci. Technol., 46(17), 9282-9289, doi:10.1021/es301138y, 2012.

Worton, David R., et al., Thermal Desorption Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography: An Improved Instrument for In-Situ Speciated Measurements of Organic Aerosols, Aerosol Sci. and Tech., 46(4), 380-191, doi:10.1080/02786826.2011.634452, 2012.

Xiang, B., et al., Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from California based on 2010 CalNex airborne measurements, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2809-2820, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50189, 2013.

Young, C.J., et al., Vertically Resolved Measurements of Nighttime Radical Reservoirs in Los Angeles and Their Contribution to the Urban Radical Budget, Environ. Sci. Technol., 46(20), 10965-10973, doi:10.1021/es302206a, 2012.

Young, C.J., et al., Evaluating evidence for Cl sources and oxidation chemistry in a coastal, urban environment, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 13685-13720, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-13685-2013, 2013.

Zhang, X., Y.-H. Lin, J. D. Surratt, P. Zotter, A. S. H. Prévôt, R. J. Weber, Light-absorbing soluble organic aerosol in Los Angeles and Atlanta: A contrast in secondary organic aerosol, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L21810, doi:10.1029/2011GL049385, 2011.

Zhang, X., J. Liu, E. T. Parker, P. L. Hayes, J. L. Jimenez, J. A. deGouw, J. H. Flynn, N. Grossberg, B. L. Lefer, R. J. Weber, On the gas-particle partitioning of soluble organic aerosol in two urban atmospheres with contrasting emissions: 1. Bulk water-soluble organic carbon, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00V16, doi:10.1029/2012JD017908, 2012.

Zhao, Y., et al., Insights into Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation Mechanisms from Measured Gas/Particle Partitioning of Specific Organic Tracer Compounds, Environ. Sci. Technol., 47(8), 3781-3787, doi:10.1021/es304587x, 2013.

Zhao, Y., et al., Sources of organic aerosol investigated using organic compounds as tracers measured during CalNex in Bakersfield, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50825, 2013.