Chemistry & Climate Processes: Projects

Members of the Chemistry & Climate Processes group have been involved in flight planning for a variety of aircraft-based observational missions. Examination of the meteorological conditions in and around the field mission investigative area provides information to the flight and mission directors that is critical in determining which flight paths and altitudes are best suited for measuring the chemical species of interest.


NOAA Manta UAS launch
NOAA Manta Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) launch

NOAA SEED project. The NOAA Special Early-Stage Experimental or Developmental (SEED) project conducted the very first test flights for new instruments designed to measure properties and climate effects of airborne fine particles (aerosols) using the Manta Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). CSD developed two new instruments for the Manta, the Printed Optical Particle Spectrometer (POPS) and an upward-looking radiometer (ULR), filling key measurement gaps in the payload. They contribute to a potentially powerful new tool for NOAA to address climate and air quality issues related to aerosols in remote and hard-to-access regions. More info...


SEAC4RS logo

SEAC4RS, Houston, Texas. Studies of Emissions and Atmospheric Composition, Clouds and Climate Coupling by Regional Surveys (SEAC4RS) is based out of Ellington Field in August - September 2013. Focused on pollution emissions and the evolution of gases and aerosols in deep convective outflow, and the influences and feedbacks of aerosol particles from anthropogenic pollution and biomass burning on meteorology and climate, the project requires two aircraft to accomplish the goals. The NASA DC-8 will provide observations from near the surface to 12 km, and the NASA ER-2 will provide high altitude observations reaching into the lower stratosphere as well as important remote sensing observations connecting satellites with observations from lower flying aircraft and surface sites. More info...


ATTREX logo

ATTREX, NASA Armstrong (formerly Dryden) and Guam. Airborne Tropical Tropopause Experiment (ATTREX) will perform a series of measurement campaigns (September - November 2011, November 2012 - February 2013, January - March 2014) using the high-altitude long-range NASA Global Hawk (GH) unmanned aerial system (UAS) to evaluate changes in stratospheric humidity and ozone concentration. More info...


HIPPO logo

HIPPO IV & V, Pacific Basin. The HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) of Carbon Cycle and Greenhouse Gases Study will measure cross sections of atmospheric concentrations approximately pole-to-pole, from the surface to the tropopause, five times during different seasons over a three year period. The main goal of HIPPO is to determine the global distribution of carbon dioxide and other trace atmospheric gases by sampling at various altitudes and latitudes in the Pacific Basin. More info...


MACPEX logo

MACPEX, Houston, Texas. The Mid-latitude Airborne Cirrus Properties Experiment (MACPEX) is an airborne field campaign to investigate cirrus cloud properties and the processes that affect their impact on radiation. The campaign involves the NASA WB-57 based at Ellington Field, TX in the March / April 2011 timeframe. Science flights will focus on central North America vicinity with an emphasis over the DoE ARM SGP site in Oklahoma. More info...


GloPac logo

GloPac, NASA Dryden. Proposed flights of the Global Hawk for the Global Hawk Pacific Mission (GloPac) were conducted in support of the Aura Validation Experiment (AVE). This mission takes place out of Dryden Flight Research Center in 2010, expected to encompass the entire offshore Pacific region with four to five 30 hour flights. Aura is one of the A-train satellites supported by NASA Earth Observation System. More info...


WP-3D over Brooks Range
NOAA WP-3D aircraft over the Brooks Range, AK

ARCPAC, Fairbanks, Alaska, 2008. As part of the International Polar Year of 2008, NOAA engaged in an airborne field measurement campaign targeted at improving understanding climate-relevant processes. The Aerosol, Radiation, and Cloud Processes affecting Arctic Climate (ARCPAC) effort was focused on direct measurements of properties and processes that can be used to reduce uncertainty in radiation and climate models. The measurements were made in the Alaskan Arctic to closely coordinate with remote-sensing and in situ observations planned for aircraft and ground sites in the vicinity of Barrow, Alaska. Field support operations in collaboration with NASA's Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARCTAS) based out of Fairbanks, Alaska. More info...


Prior field missions in which CCP members have participated: