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PALMS Publications

This paper reports the most salient results from the PALMS aircraft measurements:

Murphy, D.M., D.S. Thomson, and M.J. Mahoney, In situ measurements of organics, meteoritic material, mercury, and other elements in aerosols at 5 to 19 kilometers, Science, 282, 1664-1669, 1998.


The following published papers relate to the PALMS instrument:

Brock, C. A., P. K. Hudson, E. R. Lovejoy, A. Sullivan, J. B. Nowak, L. G. Huey, O. R. Cooper, D. J. Cziczo, J. de Gouw, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. S. Holloway, G. Hübler, B. G. Lafleur, D. M. Murphy, J. A. Neuman, D. K. Nicks, Jr., D. A. Orsini, D. D. Parrish, T. B. Ryerson, D. J. Tanner, C. Warneke, R. J. Weber, and J. C. Wilson, Particle Characteristics Following Cloud Modified Transport from Asia to North America, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D23S26, 2004.

Cziczo, D. J. , D.S. Thomson, and D. M. Murphy, Ablation, flux, and atmospheric implications of meteors inferred from stratospheric aerosol, Science, 291, 1772-1775, 2001.

Cziczo, D. J., D.M. Murphy, D.S. Thomson, and M.N. Ross, Composition of individual particles in the plume wakes of an Athena II rocket and the Space Shuttle, Geophysical Research Letters, 29, (21), article number 2037, 2002GL015991, 2002.

Cziczo, D. J., P.J. DeMott, C. Brock, P.K. Hudson, B. Jesse, S.M. Kreidenweis, A.J. Prenni, J. Schreiner, D.S. Thomson, and D.M. Murphy, A method for single particle mass spectrometry of ice nuclei, Aerosol Science and Technology, 37, 460-470, 2003.

Cziczo, D. J., D. M. Murphy, P. K. Hudson, and D. S. Thomson, Single particle measurements of the chemical composition of cirrus ice residue during CRYSTAL-FACE, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D4, D04201 doi:10.1029/2003JD004032, 2004.

Cziczo, D. J., P. J. DeMott, S. D. Brooks, A. J. Prenni, D. S. Thomson, D. Baumgardner, J. C. Wilson, S. M. Kreidenweis, and D. M. Murphy,Observations of organic species and atmospheric ice formation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12116, doi:10.1029/2004GL019822, 2004.

DeMott, P. J., D. J. Cziczo, A. J. Prenni, D. M. Murphy, S. M. Kreidenweis, D. S. Thomson, and R. Borys, Measurements of the concentration and composition of nuclei for cirrus formation, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 100, 14655-14660, 2003.

Hudson, P. K., D. M. Murphy, D. J. Cziczo, D. S. Thomson, J. A. deGouw, C. Warneke, J. Holloway, H.-J. Jost, and G. Hübler, Biomass burning particle measurements: characteristic composition and chemical processing, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D23S27, doi:10.1029/2003JD004398, 2004.

Jost, H. J., K. Drdla, A. Stohl, L. Pfister, M. Loewenstein, J. Lopez, P. Hudson, D. M. Murphy, D. Cziczo, M. Fromm, T. P. Bui, D. Knapp, M. J. Mahoney, E. C. Richard, N. Spichtinger, J. V. Pittman, A. J. Weinheimer, E. M. Weinstock, J. C. Wilson, and S. C. Wofsy, Observations of mid-latitude forest fire plumes in the stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L11101, doi:10.1029/2003GL019253, 2004.

Lee, S. H., D.M. Murphy, D.S. Thomson, and A.M. Middlebrook, Chemical components of single particles measured with Particle Analysis by Laser Mass Spectrometery (PALMS) during the Atlanta SuperSite experiment: Focus on organic/sulfate, lead, soot, and mineral particles, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (D1-D2), article number 4003, 200JD000011, 2002.

Lee, S. H., D.M. Murphy, D.S. Thomson, and A.M. Middlebrook, Nitrate and oxidized organic ions in single particle mass spectra during the 1999 Atlanta SuperSite Project, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, (D7), article number 8417, page SOS5 1, 2001JD001455, 2003.

Middlebrook, A.M., D.S. Thomson, and D.M. Murphy, On the purity of laboratory-generated sulfuric acid droplets and ambient particles studied by laser mass spectrometry, Aerosol Science and Technology, 27, 293- 307, 1997.

Middlebrook, A.M., D.M. Murphy, and D.S. Thomson, Observations of organic material in individual marine particles at Cape Grim during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-1), Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (D13), 16475-16483, 1998.

Middlebrook, A.M., D.M. Murphy, S.H. Lee, D.S. Thomson, K.A. Prather, R.J. Wenzel, D.Y. Liu, D.J. Phares, K.P. Rhoads, A.S. Wexler, M.V. Johnston, J.L. Jimenez, J.T. Jayne, D.R. Worsnop, I.Yourshaw, J.H. Seinfeld, and R.C. Flagan, A comparison of particle mass spectrometers during the 1999 Atlanta Supersite Project, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, (D7), article number 8424, page SOS12 1, 2001JD000660, 2003.

Murphy, D.M., and D.S. Thomson, Laser ionization mass spectroscopy of single aerosol particles, Aerosol Science and Technology, 22, 237-249, 1995.

Murphy, D.M., and D.S. Thomson, Chemical composition of single aerosol particles at Idaho Hill: Negative ion measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D5), 6353-6368, 1997.

Murphy, D.M., and D.S. Thomson, Chemical composition of single aerosol particles at Idaho Hill: Positive ion measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D5), 6341-6352, 1997.

Murphy, D.M., D.S. Thomson, M. Kaluzhny, J.J. Marti, and R.J. Weber, Aerosol characteristics at Idaho Hill during the OH Photochemistry Experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D5), 6325-6330, 1997.

Murphy, D.M., D.S. Thomson, and A.M. Middlebrook, Bromine, iodine, and chlorine in single aerosol particles at Cape Grim, Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (24), 3197-3200, 1997.

Murphy, D.M., J.R. Anderson, P.K. Quinn, L.M. McInnes, F.J. Brechtel, S.M. Kreidenwies, A.M. Middlebrook, M. Pósfai, D.S. Thomson, and P.R. Buseck, Influence of sea salt on aerosol radiative properties in the Southern Ocean marine boundary layer, Nature, 392, 62-65, 1998.

Murphy, D.M., and M.E. Schein, Wind tunnel tests of a shrouded aircraft inlet, Aerosol Science and Technology, 28, 33-39, 1998.

Murphy, D.M., D.S. Thomson, A.M. Middlebrook, and M.E. Schein, In situ single particle characterization at Cape Grim, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (D13), 16485-16491, 1998.

Murphy, D.M., Extraterrestrial material and stratospheric aerosols, in Accretion of Extraterrestrial Matter thoughout Earth's History, edited by B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Kluwer, 1999.

Murphy, D.M., and D.S. Thomson, Halogen ions and NO+ in the mass spectra of aerosols in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 19, 3217-3220, 2000.

Murphy, D. M., A. M. Middlebrook, and M. Warshawsky, Cluster analysis of data from the Particle Analysis by Laser Mass Spectrometry (PALMS) instrument, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 37, 382-391, 2003.

Murphy, D. M., D. J. Cziczo, P. K. Hudson, M. E. Schein, and D. S. Thomson,Particle density inferred from simultaneous optical and aerodynamic diameters sorted by composition, J. Aerosol Sci., 35, 135-139, 2004.

Murphy, D. M., D. J. Cziczo, P. K. Hudson, D. S. Thomson, J. C. Wilson, T. Kojima, and P. R. Buseck, Particle generation and resuspension in aircraft inlets when flying in clouds, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 38, 400-408, 2004.

Murphy, D.M., Something in the Air, Science, 307, 1888-1890, 2005.

Neuman, J. A., J. B. Nowak, C. A. Brock, M. Trainer, F. C. Fehsenfeld, J. S. Holloway, G. Hübler, P. K. Hudson, D. M. Murphy, D. K. Nicks, Jr., D. Orsini, D. D. Parrish, T. B. Ryerson, D. T. Sueper, A. Sullivan, and R. Weber, Variability in ammonium nitrate formation and nitric acid depletion with altitude and location over California, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D17, 4557,10.1029/2003JD003616, page AAC6, 2003.

Thomson, D.S., and D.M. Murphy, Laser-induced ion formation thresholds of aerosol particles in a vacuum, Applied Optics, 32 (33), 6818-6826, 1993.

Thomson, D.S., and D.M. Murphy, Analyzing single aerosol particles in real time, Chemtech, 24, 30-35, 1994.

Thomson, D.S., A.M. Middlebrook, and D.M. Murphy, Thresholds for laser-induced ion formation from aerosols in a vacuum using ultraviolet and vacuum-ultraviolet laser wavelengths, Aerosol Science and Technology, 26, 544-559, 1997.

Thomson, D., and R. Winkler, Software for the PALMS mass spectrometer, Scientific Computing and Instrumentation, 54-57, 1999.

Thomson, D.S., M.E. Schein, and D.M. Murphy, Particle analysis by laser mass spectrometry WB-57 instrument overview, Aerosol Science and Technology, 33, 153-169, 2000.

Vaida, V., A.F. Tuck, and G.B. Ellison, Optical and chemical properties of atmospheric organic aerosols, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth C, 25 (3), 195-198, 2000.


For more references to single particle mass spectrometry, refer to the Johnston Group at the University of Delaware database